Source of data: http://www.oica.net/category/production-statistics/ . I compiled myself all years in one Excel table and chart for easy comparison. Data is updated yearly in March.
Does NOT contain makes and models, just total number of cars produced by country.
If you want number of cars registered in each country you can use http://www.oica.net/wp-content/uploads//PC_Vehicles-in-use.xlsx.
If you want number of cars sold in a specific country, breakdown by make and model, you should contact automobile association of that country, listed in http://www.oica.net/category/about-us/members/
https://cta.ornl.gov/data/chapter8.shtml – if you want detailed data about United States such as number of households, vehicles in use, vehicles per household, miles driven, etc.
Breakdown is available by 40 countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uzbekistan.
At least other 10 countries have car factories but they are included in “others”.
World car production review
The world automobile production has increased from 56 millions in 1999 to 73 millions in 2007, felt down to 61 millions in 2009 during world recession then continued to increase, reaching over 97 millions in 2017 (cars and commercial vehicles).
The biggest automobile manufacturing country was United States during 1990s to 2005, while China was on 9th place in 1999. United States was briefly overtaken by Japan from 2006 to 2010, period in which China also experienced a massive car production boom, growing from 9 millions in 2008 to 14 millions in 2009 becoming the world leader, and 18 millions in 2010, China production continued to increase at slower rate, reaching 29 millions in 2017, followed by United States with 10 millions and Japan with 9 millions. With other words, as 2017 approximately 30% of worldwide automobile production is located in China.
Another spectacular growth is the automobile production in India, which grown from 800 thousands in 1999 (15th place) to nearly 4.8 millions in 2017 (5th place).
Automobile production divided by country population put South Korea on 1st place from 2009 to present, previous title holder was Japan.