Jun 07

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Terrace Modern housing complex, street view
House plans, apartment plans,
architecture & CAD design services
5I (123 sqm)
Singapore HDB Floor Plans




Punggol Naulitius BTO
List of BTO, DBSS,
Executive Condos, etc.


Dec 31

List of BTO projects – updated with 19 July 2014 launch

Punggol Naulitius BTOExact BTO launch date? A random day in the last week of month, judging by past launch dates. Leftover flats from BTO go in Sale of Balance Flats, done about twice per year.

Advice: if you applied for a BTO and a good queue number, don’t apply via SBF hoping to get a better flat in better location and available sooner, or you risk to remain homeless! Check how high is the application ratio for SBF! You can however, apply via SBF in Sembawang where application ratio never reach 1:1.
Please inform us how much is the percentage of invited people who do not book a flat in BTO, to calculate your chances of success if your queue number exceed number of units!

See also Excel version of the below table, allow you to sort and filter by each column.
I have collected the PDF brochures of all BTOs launched since December 2009.


Town name BTO name Launch
Type Number of flats
1-rm /
2-rm /
3-rm 4-rm 5-rm Total
2001-2005 22 BTO – 12483 units
Estimated average flat size 91.67 sqm
Sembawang Flowing Greenery Apr 2001 Cancelled Standard 210 200 410
Sembawang River Edge Apr 2001 Apr 2005 Premium 222 225 447
Sengkang Arcadia Apr 2001 Apr 2005 Premium 640 321 961
Sengkang Rivervale Green Apr 2001 Apr 2005 Standard 576 200 776
Punggol Edgedale Green Dec 2002 Dec 2006 Premium 582 582
Punggol Periwinkle Dec 2002 Dec 2006 Premium 450 450
Sengkang Coris 1 Dec 2002 Dec 2006 Premium 434 434
Punggol Sundial Sep 2003 Sep 2007 Premium 425 425
Punggol Sundial
(half relaunched as Nautilus)
Sep 2003 Cancelled Premium 478 478
Sembawang Spring Lodge
(relaunched as River Lodge)
Sep 2003 Cancelled Premium 432 432
Sengkang Coris 2 Sep 2003 Sep 2007 Premium 448 448
Sengkang Aspella 1 Dec 2003 Dec 2007 Premium 429 429
Sengkang Aspella 2 Dec 2003 Dec 2007 Premium 433 433
Sengkang Atrina 1 Mar 2004 Mar 2008 Premium 424 424
Sengkang Atrina 2 Mar 2004 Mar 2008 Premium 366 366
Central Pinnacle@Duxton May 2004 May 2010 Premium 1232 616 1848
Sengkang Fernvale Grove Aug 2004 Aug 2008 Standard 156 352 508
Punggol Anthias
(relaunched as Damai Grove)
Dec 2004 Cancelled Standard 134 600 734
Sengkang Coral Green
(relaunched as Coral Spring)
Dec 2004 Cancelled Premium 655 655
Sengkang Tivela Mar 2005 Mar 2009 Premium 374 374
Punggol Coralinus 1 Jun 2005 Jun 2009 Premium 369 369
Sengkang Fernvale Court Sep 2005 Sep 2009 Standard 128 372 500
2006 6 BTO – 2357 units
Estimated average flat size 82.66 sqm
Punggol Coralinus 2 Feb 2006 Feb 2010 Premium 365 365
Sengkang Fernvale Vista 1 Jul 2006 Jul 2010 Standard 86 92 330 508
Bishan Golden Jasmine Sep 2006 Sep 2010 Studio 58 118 176
Sembawang Sembawang Green Sep 2006 Sep 2010 Standard 471 471
Geylang Sri Geylang Serai Oct 2006 Oct 2010 Standard 447 447
Sengkang Compassvale View Nov 2006 Nov 2010 Standard 105 285 390
2007 10 BTO – 5488 units
Estimated average flat size 83.23 sqm
Punggol Treelodge May 2007 May 2011 Premium 98 600 14 712
Sengkang Fernvale Vista 2 May 2007 May 2011 Standard 164 174 340 678
Punggol Punggol Vista Aug 2007 Aug 2011 Standard 45 65 90 200
Sengkang Coral Spring Sep 2007 Sep 2011 Premium 698 698
Bukit Merah Telok Blangah Towers Oct 2007 Oct 2010 Premium 30 60 100 210 400
Punggol Punggol Lodge Oct 2007 Oct 2011 Standard 52 464 516
Bukit Panjang Segar Meadows Nov 2007 Nov 2011 Premium 90 322 412
Sengkang Compassvale Beacon Nov 2007 Nov 2011 Standard 60 150 540 750
Punggol Damai Grove Dec 2007 Dec 2011 Standard 62 676 738
Yishun Jade Spring 1 Dec 2007 Dec 2011 Standard 48 336 384
2008 12 BTO – 7789 units
Estimated average flat size 87.75 sqm
Punggol Punggol Spring Feb 2008 Feb 2012 Standard 494 494
Yishun Jade Spring 2 Mar 2008 Mar 2012 Standard 36 72 464 572
Punggol Punggol Sapphire May 2008 May 2012 Premium 760 305 1065
Sengkang Compassvale Pearl May 2008 May 2010 Premium 336 84 420
Punggol Punggol Breeze Jun 2008 Jun 2012 Premium 778 186 964
Sengkang Fernvale Residence Jun 2008 Jun 2011 Premium 55 444 124 623
Woodlands Straits Vista Jun 2008 Jun 2012 Standard 50 332 382
Bukit Panjang Senja Green Aug 2008 Aug 2012 Standard 96 94 284 474
Punggol Punggol Arcadia Nov 2008 Nov 2011 Premium 120 465 165 750
Choa Chu Kang Sunshine Court Dec 2008 Dec 2012 Standard 60 104 117 171 452
Punggol Punggol Regalia Dec 2008 Dec 2011 Premium 546 183 729
Yishun Dew Spring Dec 2008 Dec 2012 Standard 144 216 504 864
2009 13 BTO – 9112 units
Estimated average flat size 80.27 sqm
Woodlands Champions Court 25 Feb 2009 Feb 2013 Standard 60 164 182 224 185 815
Punggol The Nautilus @ Punggol 26 Mar 2009 Mar 2013 Standard 413 106 519
Sengkang Fernvale Crest 02 Jun 2009 Jun 2013 Standard 142 372 188 702
Punggol Punggol Residences 30 Jul 2009 Jul 2013 Premium 615 154 769
Punggol Punggol Spectra 31 Aug 2009 Aug 2013 Standard 301 285 556 1142
Jurong West Boon Lay Meadow 16 Oct 2009 Oct 2013 Standard 240 300 165 705
Sengkang Fernvale Palms 16 Oct 2009 Oct 2013 Standard 96 347 52 495
Punggol Punggol Ripples 16 Nov 2009 Nov 2013 Standard 56 74 157 403 690
Punggol Punggol Sails 16 Nov 2009 Nov 2013 Standard 279 218 109 606
Bukit Panjang Segar Grove 15 Dec 2009 4Q 2013 Standard 115 217 196 528
Queenstown Skyterrace@Dawson 15 Dec 2009 3Q 2015 Premium 20 85 110 459 84 758
Queenstown Skyville@Dawson 15 Dec 2009 1Q 2015 Premium 160 682 118 960
Sembawang Montreal Dale 15 Dec 2009 1Q 2014 Standard 115 156 152 423
2010 22 BTO – 16023 units
Estimated average flat size 81.34 sqm
Hougang Buangkok Vale 05 Jan 2010 1Q 2014 Standard 128 118 453 699
Choa Chu Kang Limbang Green 05 Jan 2010 3Q 2013 Standard 144 132 128 188 592
Punggol Punggol Crest 11 Feb 2010 4Q 2013 Standard 240 240 270 750
Woodlands Treegrove 11 Feb 2010 4Q 2014 Premium 96 96 182 372 746
Sengkang Fernvale Ridge 16 Mar 2010 2Q 2014 Standard 180 216 102 498
Sembawang River Lodge 16 Mar 2010 2Q 2014 Standard 126 86 220 432
Punggol Punggol Emerald 20 Apr 2010 2Q 2014 Standard 94 94 96 350 222 856
Punggol Punggol Waves 20 Apr 2010 1Q 2014 Standard 105 259 209 573
Jurong West Boon Lay Grove 06 May 2010 4Q 2013 Standard 300 150 450
Yishun Floral Spring 06 May 2010 1Q 2014 Standard 48 48 264 110 470
Punggol Waterway Terraces 30 Jun 2010 1Q 2015 Premium 178 588 306 1072
Sengkang Fernvale Foliage 30 Jun 2010 2Q 2014 Standard 336 168 504
Sengkang Rivervale Arch 30 Jun 2010 1Q 2014 Standard 238 221 661 1120
Jurong West Corporation Tiara 29 Jul 2010 2Q 2014 Premium 171 104 275
Bukit Panjang Senja Gateway 29 Jul 2010 3Q 2014 Standard 124 130 313 174 741
Yishun Yishun Rivervalk 31 Aug 2010 4Q 2014 Standard 126 128 250 652 252 1408
Woodlands Woodlands Dew 21 Sep 2010 2Q 2014 Standard 330 145 314 789
Woodlands Woodlands Meadow 21 Sep 2010 2Q 2014 Standard 75 255 210 540
Sengkang Anchorvale Horizon 26 Oct 2010 1Q 2014 Premium 120 120 357 148 745
Bukit Panjang Senja Park View 26 Oct 2010 4Q 2014 Standard 112 112 353 577
Yishun Yishun Greenwalk 18 Nov 2010 3Q 2014 Standard 112 602 462 1176
Punggol Punggol Topaz 22 Dec 2010 2Q 2015 Standard 184 542 284 1010
2011 39 BTO – 25294 units
Estimated average flat size 83.40 sqm
Bukit Batok Golden Daisy 25 Jan 2011 1Q 2014 Studio 90 90 180
Yishun Orchid Spring @ Yishun 25 Jan 2011 4Q 2014 Standard 192 252 504 948
Yishun Vista Spring @ Yishun 25 Jan 2011 3Q 2014 Standard 96 324 276 696
Sengkang Fernvale Flora 28 Feb 2011 2Q 2014 Standard 93 107 321 521
Sengkang Fernvale Gardens 28 Feb 2011 2Q 2014 Standard 210 172 382
Bukit Panjang Segar Vale 28 Feb 2011 2Q 2014 Standard 112 112 269 197 690
Jurong West Boon Lay Fields 24 Mar 2011 1Q 2014 Standard 93 246 152 491
Sengkang Compassvale Ancilla 24 Mar 2011 3Q 2014 Premium 112 112 142 420 252 1038
Punggol Waterway Terraces II 25 Apr 2011 2Q 2015 Premium 118 440 246 804
Sengkang Anchorvale Cove 25 Apr 2011 4Q 2014 Premium 218 463 330 1011
Hougang Hougang Parkview 25 Apr 2011 2Q 2014 Standard 98 528 166 792
Sembawang Montreal Ville 25 Apr 2011 1Q 2014 Standard 105 107 366 578
Pasir Ris Costa Ris 27 May 2011 3Q 2014 Standard 257 224 688 217 1386
Pasir Ris Golden Lily 27 May 2011 4Q 2013 Studio 86 99 185
Punggol Punggol Parcvista 27 May 2011 2Q 2014 Standard 172 338 172 682
Tampines Tampines GreenLeaf 27 May 2011 3Q 2014 Standard 96 318 604 320 1338
Tampines Tampines GreenWood 27 May 2011 2Q 2014 Studio 71 73 144
Woodlands Woodlands Peak 27 May 2011 3Q 2015 Standard 64 63 95 222
Yishun Yishun Natura 14 Jul 2011 4Q 2014 Premium 112 140 112 364
Bukit Panjang Segar Meadows 14 Jul 2011 3Q 2014 Premium 60 240 300
Bukit Panjang Segar Palmview 14 Jul 2011 4Q 2014 Standard 119 350 213 682
Sengkang Anchorvale Isles 14 Jul 2011 2Q 2014 Standard 405 270 675
Sengkang Fernvale Riverbow 14 Jul 2011 4Q 2014 Standard 168 539 447 1154
Tampines Golden Carnation 14 Jul 2011 1Q 2014 Studio 79 70 149
Jurong West Golden Orchid 14 Jul 2011 2Q 2014 Studio 94 138 232
Punggol Waterway Woodcress 22 Sep 2011 1Q 2015 Premium 100 350 244 694
Punggol Waterway Brooks 22 Sep 2011 3Q 2015 Premium 62 94 691 465 1312
Sengkang Anchorvale Harvest 22 Sep 2011 3Q 2014 Standard 88 404 225 717
Sengkang Fernvale Rivergrove 22 Sep 2011 3Q 2015 Standard 50 50 484 892 252 1728
Ang Mo Kio Yio Chu Kang Vista 22 Sep 2011 4Q 2014 Standard 158 98 256
Jurong East Teban View 22 Sep 2011 4Q 2015 Standard 185 333 518
Jurong West Golden Peony 22 Sep 2011 3Q 2014 Studio 106 84 190
Punggol Waterway Ridges 24 Nov 2011 2Q 2015 Premium 224 362 246 832
Punggol Waterway Banks 24 Nov 2011 2Q 2014 Standard 158 252 606 1016
Hougang Capeview 24 Nov 2011 1Q 2015 Premium 108 429 244 781
Hougang Dew Court 24 Nov 2011 1Q 2015 Standard 96 102 181 379
Yishun Acacia Breeze 24 Nov 2011 1Q 2015 Standard 108 418 308 834
Bukit Panjang Fajar Spring 24 Nov 2011 4Q 2014 Standard 78 78 108 264
Bedok Golden Cassia 24 Nov 2011 4Q 2014 Studio 59 70 129
2012 40 BTO – 27084 units
Estimated average flat size 85.12 sqm
Choa Chu Kang Sunshine Gardens 12 Jan 2012 2Q 2015 Standard 52 52 118 788 518 1528
Sengkang Fernvale Lea 12 Jan 2012 3Q 2015 Standard 100 100 600 350 1150
Punggol Waterway Sunbeam 12 Jan 2012 2Q 2015 Standard 185 260 216 661
Tampines Tampines GreenTerrace 12 Jan 2012 3Q 2014 Standard 99 196 295
Tampines Tampines Alcoves 12 Jan 2012 3Q 2014 Standard 94 92 103 289
Bukit Batok Skyline I @ Bukit Batok 28 Mar 2012 2Q 2016 Premium 78 216 194 488
Bukit Batok Skyline II @ Bukit Batok 28 Mar 2012 1Q 2017 Premium 136 301 307 744
Bukit Panjang Fajar Hills 28 Mar 2012 4Q 2015 Standard 146 392 324 862
Clementi Clementi Ridges 28 Mar 2012 3Q 2016 Standard 156 312 216 684
Geylang MacPherson Residency 28 Mar 2012 4Q 2015 Standard 211 426 637
Bedok Ping Yi Greens 28 Mar 2012 4Q 2015 Standard 98 84 236 418
Bukit Timah Golden Kismis 28 Mar 2012 3Q 2015 Studio 66 66 132
Toa Payoh Golden Clover 28 Mar 2012 3Q 2015 Studio 92 96 188
Sengkang Compassvale Boardwalk 30 May 2012 4Q 2015 Standard 252 222 474
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Pride 30 May 2012 2Q 2016 Standard 80 656 407 1143
Punggol Punggol Edge 30 May 2012 2Q 2016 Standard 128 400 160 688
Punggol Waterway SunDew 30 May 2012 2Q 2016 Premium 152 423 262 837
Kallang/Whampoa Bendemeer Light 30 May 2012 4Q 2016 Standard 212 412 624
Kallang/Whampoa McNair Towers 30 May 2012 4Q 2016 Premium 135 135 115 476 861
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Axis 31 Jul 2012 1Q 2016 Standard 98 140 520 372 1130
Punggol Punggol Opal 31 Jul 2012 4Q 2015 Standard 128 144 254 526
Punggol Waterway Cascadia 31 Jul 2012 3Q 2016 Premium 242 500 267 1009
Clementi Clementi Gateway 31 Jul 2012 3Q 2016 Standard 134 144 278
Bukit Merah Depot Heights 31 Jul 2012 3Q 2016 Standard 38 76 128 176 418
Bukit Merah Telok Blangah Ridgeview 31 Jul 2012 1Q 2016 Standard 96 396 492
Geylang Greentops @ Sims Place 31 Jul 2012 4Q 2015 Standard 108 88 142 338
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Quad 27 Sep 2012 1Q 2016 Standard 334 190 524
Woodlands TreeTrail @ Woodlands 27 Sep 2012 2Q 2016 Standard 418 234 652
Woodlands Golden Saffron 27 Sep 2012 2Q 2015 Studio 65 63 128
Ang Mo Kio Cheng San Court 27 Sep 2012 1Q 2018 Standard 85 86 178 363 712
Ang Mo Kio Teck Ghee Parkview 27 Sep 2012 1Q 2017 Standard 130 256 190 576
Tampines Tampines Greenlace 27 Sep 2012 1Q 2016 Standard 215 165 380
Kallang/Whampoa Tenteram Peak 27 Sep 2012 4Q 2016 Standard 319 436 755
Choa Chu Kang Keat Kong Mirage 21 Nov 2012 3Q 2016 Standard 114 559 486 1159
Sengkang Compassvale Mast 21 Nov 2012 2Q 2016 Premium 104 465 359 928
Sengkang Rivervale Delta 21 Nov 2012 2Q 2016 Standard 102 425 357 884
Bedok Fengshan GreenVille 21 Nov 2012 4Q 2017 /
4Q 2018
Standard 96 102 182 570 108 1058
Queenstown Ghim Moh Edge 21 Nov 2012 2Q 2017 Standard 111 111 296 661 1179
Toa Payoh Joo Seng Green 21 Nov 2012 1Q 2016 Standard 102 146 248
Toa Payoh Toa Payoh Crest 21 Nov 2012 3Q 2017 Standard 115 117 311 464 1007
2013 34 BTO – 25215 units
Estimated average flat size 84.95 sqm
Hougang Hougang ParkEdge 29 Jan 2013 2Q 2016 Standard 136 204 238 578
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Colours 29 Jan 2013 4Q 2016 Standard 136 484 348 968
Yishun Oleander Breeze @ Yishun 29 Jan 2013 3Q 2016 Standard 180 103 283
Ang Mo Kio Kebun Baru Court 29 Jan 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 160 348 180 688
Tampines Tampines GreenForest 29 Jan 2013 2Q 2016 Standard 160 264 424
Kallang/Whampoa Whampoa Dew 29 Jan 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 78 78 249 485
Sengkang Compassvale Cape 21 Mar 2013 4Q 2016 Premium 84 84 196 588 440 1392
Sengkang Compassvale Helm 21 Mar 2013 4Q 2016 Standard 67 71 253 207 598
Punggol Matilda Portico 21 Mar 2013 2Q 2016 Standard 251 219 470
Bukit Batok SkyPeak @ Bukit Batok 21 Mar 2013 4Q 2017 Standard 100 110 430 1430
Sembawang EastBank @ Canberra 30 May 2013 4Q 2016 Standard 193 179 372
Sembawang EastBrook @ Canberra 30 May 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 140 263 627 1030
Sembawang EastWave @ Canberra 30 May 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 379 335 714
Hougang Golden Mint 30 May 2013 4Q 2016 Studio 146 146 292
Hougang Hougang Crimson 30 May 2013 4Q 2016 Standard 104 210 314
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Crest 30 May 2013 1Q 2017 Standard 146 328 208 682
Jurong Spring Heaven @ Jurong 30 May 2013 1Q 2017 Standard 90 150 238 478
Woodlands Woodlands Pasture I & II 30 May 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 156 509 353 1018
Yishun Angsana Breeze @ Yishun 30 Jul 2013 1Q 2017 Standard 186 520 252 958
Yishun Vine Grove @ Yishun 30 Jul 2013 4Q 2016 Standard 180 192 324 696
Sengkang Fernvale Riverwalk 30 Jul 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 42 79 205 401 727
Bukit Merah Telok Blangah ParcView 30 Jul 2013 4Q 2017 Standard 85 87 386 922 1480
Punggol Matilda Edge 26 Sep 2013 4Q 2017 Standard 64 128 538 600 1330
Punggol The Verandah @ Matilda 26 Sep 2013 1Q 2017 Premium 258 223 481
Punggol Waterway View 26 Sep 2013 3Q 2017 Premium 190 526 341 1057
Yishun Khatib Court 26 Sep 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 65 78 167 310
Yishun Palm Breeze @ Yishun 26 Sep 2013 4Q 2016 Standard 96 274 176 546
Yishun Sacara Breeze @ Yishun 26 Sep 2013 1Q 2017 Standard 96 168 84
Woodlands Admiralty Grove 26 Nov 2013 3Q 2017 Standard 72 180 240 333 168 993
Jurong West Boon Lay View 26 Nov 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 140 306 252
Jurong West Yung Kuang Court 26 Nov 2013 3Q 2017 Standard 302 226 528
Sembawang EastLawn @ Canberra 26 Nov 2013 2Q 2017 Standard 163 174 337
Hougang Hougang Meadow 26 Nov 2013 1Q 2017 Standard 75 75 188 394 732
Bukit Batok West Ridges @ Bukit Batok 26 Nov 2013 1Q 2018 Standard 58 144 235 591 550 1578
2014 24300 units planned
Estimated average flat size 78.32 (January-March)
Bukit Batok Bukit Gombak Vista 22 Jan 2014 4Q 2017 Standard 78 78 130 286
Jurong West Golden Lavender 22 Jan 2014 3Q 2017 Studio 74 75 149
Punggol Punggol Bayview 22 Jan 2014 1Q 2018 /
4Q 2018
Premium 202 462 432 1096
Punggol Punggol Vue
(+ 215 1-rm, 215 2-rm rental)
22 Jan 2014 4Q 2017 Standard 76 228 266 570
Woodlands Woodlands Glen 22 Jan 2014 2Q 2017 Standard 84 216  180 480 960
Serangoon Golden Ginger 22 Jan 2014 3Q 2017 Studio 78 72 150
Sembawang EastCrown @ Canberra 26 Mar 2014 3Q 2017 Standard 96 216 264 370 274 1220
Sembawang EastLace @ Canberra 26 Mar 2014 2Q 2017 Standard 40 100 140 200 480
Sengkang Anchorvale Parkview 26 Mar 2014 1Q 2017 Standard 268 165
Yishun Fern Grove @ Yishun 26 Mar 2014 4Q 2017 Standard 48 240 251 443 312 1294
Bukit Batok West Crest @ Bukit Batok 22 May 2014 4Q 2017 Standard 20 80 206 189 495
Bukit Batok West Valley @ Bukit Batok 22 May 2014 1Q 2018 Standard 74 216 162 418 870
Woodlands Admirality Flora 22 May 2014 2Q 2017 Standard 221 181 402
Woodlands Marsiling Greenview
(+ 174 1-rm, 268 2-rm rental)
22 May 2014 3Q 2018 Standard 100 189 194 389 382
Punggol Matilda Court 19 Jul 2014 4Q 2017 Standard 64 256 112 380 350 1162
Punggol Waterway Sunray 19 Jul 2014 4Q 2017 Standard 34 70 96 194 188 582
Sembawang Sun Natura 19 Jul 2014 2Q 218 Standard 120 210 121 397 848
Toa Payoh Toa Payoh Apex 19 Jul 2014 4Q 2018 Standard 138 419 557
Woodlands Kampung Admirality 19 Jul 2014 3Q 2017 Stiudio 48 56 104
Yishun Park Grove @ Yishun 19 Jul 2014 3Q 2017 Standard 24 96 204 216


Future BTO launches

I noticed many people visiting my website searching things like “2015 BTO list” or “BTO launch location 2015“, as well as asking me such things. There is NOT possible to predict future accurately, except what we see in HDB Upcoming Sales Launches (2 months / 1 launch ahead only).
For people who report me “next month will be BTO launch in towns X and Y” – “Yes I know” – “So why your site do not show that?“, I cannot know in advance the project name, completion date and number of units, so… I add BTO in my table in the day of launch, not in advance.

Expect new BTO launches in every town with land available, use Google Maps / Earth (satellite photos) to see available land (Marine Parade is the only town with no BTOs guaranteed). But we can’ know how sooner a land parcel will be developed as BTO, a parcel can be anytime sold to private developers instead.
I was surprised to see since 2012 more and more BTO in mature towns.

The only official info from HDB was the Public Exhibition on New Housing Areas on 29 August 2013: Bidadari (estate within Toa Payoh, first BTO early 2015), Tampines North (first BTO late 2014), Punggol Matilda (first BTO Sep 2015).

Other areas with big potential for more BTO launch (personal predictions, based by past launches and maps) are Bukit Batok West (around Millennia Institute – confirmed by maps of May 2013 SOBF), Choa Chu Kang South, Jurong West Street 22-25, Yishun South-East.
Expect few BTO launch in mature towns too, on the land cleared via SERS (examples: Ang Mo Kio blk 247-252, Clementi blk 401-409, Sims Lane blk 54-60, also Jalan Tenteram)
The next New Towns, Tengah and Seletar, may come in few years depending by demand.

Application ratio

An application ratio 3.00:1 means that 1 of 3 people got the flats. An application ratio 1.00 : 1 does not always mean that everyone got a flat, because some flat types gets oversubscribed while others undersubscribed. Please see the exact application ratio for each project and flat type on HDB InfoWeb, or mirror of HDB pages stored on my website (in case HDB delete them).

For example, The May 2013 BTO set a new record of low applicant ratio: 1.1 overall, this does not mean that everyone got a home. The 4-room units in Hougang BTO got 4.3 applicants per each flat while in Sembawang BTO the ratio was 0.4 (60% flats remained unsold).
Stupid idea to launch BTOs in so bad location in the same time with SOBF, obviously people applied for better flats in SOBF.


Launch BTO SBF
No of Units Number of
Ratio No of Units Number of
August 2010 1408 3338 2.37 1624 11503 7.08
September 2010 1329 2942 2.21
October 2010 1322 7994 6.05
November 2010 1176 3954 3.36
December 2010 1010 7109 7.04
January 2011 1728 3639 2.11
February 2011 1593 8468 5.32
March 2011 1527 11082 7.26
April 2011 3185 10240 3.22
May 2011 3957 13988 3.54
July 2011 3556 12116 3.41
September 2011 5415 9476 1.75 2847 18428 6.47
November 2011 4235 11092 2.62
January 2012 3923 10620 2.71
March 2012 4153 12540 3.02 3825 15702 4.11
May 2012 4627 12254 2.65
July 2012 4191 12633 3.01
September 2012 3727 9664 2.59 3328 16005 4.81
November 2012 6463 18610 2.88
January 2013 3346 12619 3.77
March 2013 3898 12090 3.10
May 2013 4900 5244 1.07 3100 21664 6.99
July 2013 4079 19879 4.87
September 2013 4156 10781 2.59
November 2013 4978 11210 2.25 3974 16401 4.13
January 2014 3139 11543 3.68
March 2014 3497 10171 2.91
May 2014 3071 6540 2.13 3383 15483 4.58
July 2014
September 2014
November 2014



As March 2014, 137553 flats were launched in 208 BTO projects (of which 2709 flats were cancelled in 5 BTO projects). The estimated average BTO flat size is 84.15 sqm and it is growing since 2009 onward, but still small compared with 1990s projects which were 120 sqm in average. Estimation was done using the standard internal floor areas:

Studio (35 sqm) x 4111 units
Studio (45 sqm) x 4576 units
2-Room (35 sqm) x 739 units
2-Room (45 sqm) x 6076 units
3-Room (65 sqm) x 22370 units
4-Room (90 sqm) x 74744 units
5-Room (110 sqm) x 24619 units
3gen (115 sqm) x 318 units

Real floor area shown in HDB Resale Transactions will be bigger because of A/C ledge which is 2-3 sqm and also because some BTO flats come with 3-4 sq balcony. Pinnacle @ Duxton and Dawson BTO flats are smaller than the standard sizes.

Note about completion date

Many people asked me if a BTO can be completed earlier. YES, the estimated completion acts like a deadline, in most cases residents collect keys up to 3 months earlier. Note that Pinnacle @ Duxton residents collected keys and moved in Dec 2009, but work continued at skybridges until May 2010 scheduled completion date.

Got an e-mail in early 2011 regarding updates of BTO completion date (the fields for latest BTO projects were left blank). Originally I took completion dates from Wikipedia which specify same month 4 years ahead, and I kept adding 4 years of the projects not listed in Wikipedia, but I realized THAT WAS WRONG as most 2009-2010 BTO are completed in 3-3.5 years (6-12 months faster) because HDB decided in 2010 to speed up BTO production, affecting the already-launched projects.
In 2011 I wrote completion date based by estimating waiting time, then realized that THIS IS WRONG again, because the waiting time is measured from launching date but from selection date which is 2-8 months ahead.
I have corrected the completion date for the post-2010 BTOs with the ”Estimated completion date” shown PDF brochures provided at each BTO launch.

HDB show updated completion date at SOBF launches, earlier than completion date estimated at the launch, but since not all BTOs have leftover units to go in SOBF, and to prevent being blamed for providing WRONG completion date by people looking BTO brochures, I choose to show the original estimated completion date.
Some visitors ask me what is the ACTUAL completion date or key collection date of existing BTOs, can’t answer, you should ask someone residing in that BTO, or check HDB Events Calendar, look for Welcome Party / Completion Ceremony.
Under construction BTO have communities on Facebook or various forums, residents posting construction updates and predict completion date. Check them!


One visitor reported that Spring Lodge was not cancelled. I checked the map and he is RIGHT, the original list on Wikipedia that I used for making my table, was full of mistakes… showing Spring Lodge as block 465 cancelled, with completion date 2007, Spring Lodge has been built, BUT as block 466 (lease commence date 2006, completion probably 2005). WTF!!??
Anyway, where is the River Edge supposedly completed in 2005? In case Wikipedia shows Spring Lodge under name River Edge, does anyone know which BTO has been cancelled in 2003?

Fernvale Lodge: Wikipedia listed it as BTO, launched date 2009, completion date unknown, so I included it in my table too. Many visitors came to my website by google search Fernvale Lodge. So I investigated, it is not a BTO neither SERS, it was put on sale first time in the Sale of Balance Flats of September 2011, and completed in 2012. I deleted it from my table.
There are more such projects, “built without order”, for example Jurong East Court and Tampines Lodge.

Few more mistakes reported by visitors, mostly regarding number of units, have been corrected.
Please report any more mistakes!

You can submit site to Hotvsnot.com to gain internet visibility We have submitted our site under Architecture Directory _

Suggestions for website

Someone suggested to make pages for each BTO, floor plans, prices, best unit review, similar with what does h88.com.sg. I CAN do his, but why I should do such time-costing job that is done already? I already dedicate a lot of time maintaining website and the Singapore pages do not produce any revenue.
On my website I concentrate on doing unique things that do not exists elsewhere.

HDB website provide application ratio for last 3 years of BTO and SOBF. I am thinking to add some info in my BTO table, please give me ideas what numbers I should add (first timers, total, per flat type, or…?)

For suggestion to add BTO prices, there is a little problem: HDB do not provide prices for each BTO, instead they provide a price range per town in case there are more BTOs launched in same town. So I need to make a different table from the above one. Should specify price with grants or without grants? Optional component scheme too? Please leave ideas!

Note for people clicking LIKE button
Please click the Facebook LIKE button on top-left corner of website, not the below button, to promote entire website and all the pages about HDB, NOT just this BTO page!
Otherwise, 75% of people coming from Facebook do not realize that there are more pages than the page of which the link was posted.

Dec 25

HDB history, photos and floor plan evolution 1930s – 2010s

This page shows floor plans of 100 most common HDB flat types and most representative layouts. Many other layouts exists, unique layouts with slanted rooms, as well as variations of the standard layouts, these usually have larger sizes.

Looking for certain town or flat type? Use Ctrl+F to search within this page.
Most-asked floor plans: 3STD 3I 4I3NG 4NG 5I3S 3A 4S 4A 5A - 1990s 4A 5I1990s Executive2000s 4A 5I EAMaisonetteJumboPinnacleLargest HDB flat
FAQ: age of HDB block? – What is lease commence date? – Looking for .DWG floor plans?

This article is prone to be shared on Facebook… please post the link to main page www.teoalida.com WITHOUT /singapore/hdbfloorplans/, to promote ALL the articles and info about HDB provided on website!

As July 2014 I am thinking to re-make the floor plan collection. Suggestions welcome!
Are you agent, interior designer, contractor, anything similar?
Advertise on my website! See traffic stats and ad prices.

1930s, 1940s, 1950s – SIT era

Singapore Improvement Trust set up in 1927, it ventured in public housing in 1932. In 32 years, SIT built only 23,000 apartments, housing 8.8% of Singapore population of 1959. What it built:
Lorong Limau, first houses by SIT, built 1932, no more info (source).
Tiong Bahru pre-war, 20 blocks, about 700 units, built around 1936, now conserved.
Tiong Bahru post-war, 54 blocks, about 1200 units, built in 1948-1953, half demolished in early 2000.
Alexandra North Estate, mostly terrace, demolished 1990s.
Guillemard Estate, mostly terrace, demolished in 1980s or 1990s.
Old Airport Estate, built from/around 1958, most of blocks demolished in early 2000s so no idea how many blocks had, at least 2000+ SIT units plus 438 HDB units.
Princess Elizabeth Flats Estate, built early 1950s, demolished 1978 or 1980s.
Princess Elizabeth Park Estate, 22-24 blocks, 6 3-storey and 2 7-storey, 162 units, rest shops, built 1951-1952, demolished 1996 (source).
Queenstown New Town, details below.
Redhill Estate, 21 7-storey blocks, 882 units, built in 1955, scheduled for demolition in 2017.
Silat Estate, 15 3/4-storey blocks, 262 units built in 1949/1952, demolished in 2011.
Whampoa Estate, mostly terrace, built late 1950s, demolished in 1990s except a small part
Unknown-name estate around Race Course Road / Owen Road / Norfolk Road.
Unknown-name estate around Petain Road.
Plus many small estates or isolated blocks in or around Central Area, demolished long time ago and forgotten.

Tiong Bahru Estate, old map and old aerial view (1936-1953)
Notice in the aerial view, 3 blocks under “Trust” word? they are on Outram Hill and I appreciate if anyone can tell me more info! (do not confuse with Outram Park built by HDB in 1963)
Tiong Bahru old map Tiong Bahru old aerial
See more Tiong Bahru photos on Wikipedia

The four 9-storey blocks built in 1952 at Upper Pickering Street
(The first high-rise public housing in Singapore, with lifts. Last two demolished in 2003).

SIT blocks, Upper Pickering Street
SIT block in Prinsep street (~1950)
Redhill Estate

Queenstown, the first “Satellite Town” being built far away from city, was started in 1952.
The first neighborhood – Princess Margaret Estate (today known as Dawson) was finished in 1959, the block 39 “Forfar House” with 14 storeys, was completed in 1956 and was the tallest residential building in Singapore until the 20-storey “Selegie House” built in 1963. Using the aerial photo, I count about 1700 units east of Commonwealth Avenue (blocks 31-128), cannot count the west side (blocks 1-30). Demolition began in late 1990s and was completed in 2001.
In late 1950s the work just begun for Neighborhood II – Duchess Estate and Neighborhood V – Queen’s Close Estate, both were almost completely demolished in late 1990s.
SIT was dissolved in 1960 so HDB continued construction of Neighborhoods II and V, and started Neighborhood III – Commonwealth and Neighborhood IV – Tanglin Halt.
Beside the original plan, HDB added Neighborhood VI – Mei Ling (late 1960s) and Neighborhood VII – Buona Vista (comprising Dover, Ghim Moh and Holland Village – built 1970s), making a total of 7 neighborhoods.

Old map: British proposal of Queenstown composed mostly by terraced units, different than the actual town, vs HDB proposal in 1960 with redesigned Commonwealth and Tanglin Halt neighborhoods (notice that Mei Ling was not yet proposed)
British proposal of Queenstown HDB proposal for Queenstown

Queenstown Princess Margaret Estate map and old photo of Forfar House
(notice that south-west part of map is a different proposal than what was actually built)
Princess Margaret Estate map Forfar House

Old aerial views of Queenstown New Town, Princess Margaret (1952-1958) and Tanglin Halt (1962-1964)
(photos were originally on http://myheritage.com.sg – dead site)
Dawson estate Tanglin Halt estate

SIT floor plans

Collection of Tiong Bahru Pre-War SIT blocks floorplans (3-room to 5-room):

Block floor plan proposals of 1950s SIT houses
1950s SIT houses 1950s SIT houses

After-War late 1940s / 1950s SIT blocks with 2-Room / 3-Room Standard flat, from Tiong Bahru and Redhill
SIT Tiong Bahru 2-Room flat (? sqm) Tiong Bahru 3-Room (77 sqm) Tiong Bahru 3-Room (88 sqm) Redhill Close 3-Room (63 sqm)
SIT built 4-Room flats too, at least in Silat Estate (no floorplan available). There is NO evidence that SIT built 1-room flats.

Landed public housing

During 1950s (or even earlier), SIT also built terraced houses, two clusters survived: Jalan Bahagia (in Whampoa, 28 blocks, 200 units), Stirling Road (in Queenstown, 13 blocks, 84 units). Most units are 3-Room (originally 78 sqm), some units in Stirling Road are 4-Room (99 sqm). Over time, the owners expanded their houses, in some cases to over 200 sqm) according resale transactions) by building additional rooms in front, back and side of corner units.

SIT 3-Room Terrace House floor plan SIT 3-Room Terrace House

1960s – HDB beginnings

HDB was founded in February 1960, shortly after People Action Party won national elections of 1959.
Construction areas were only in and around Central Area. In 1960s it started estates like Bukit Ho Swee, Brickworks, Henderson (in Bukit Merah); Bendemeer, Boon Keng, Kallang Bahru and Tanjong Rhu (in Kallang), Chai Chee (now part of Bedok), MacPherson (in Geylang), Upper Aljunied (in Toa Payoh), Taman Jurong (in Jurong West); construction continued for Queenstown, Old Airport and Whampoa, 3 estates inherit from SIT.
Construction of Toa Payoh, HDB’s first truly New Town which incorporates a town centre and several neighborhoods, started in 1965.

In Master Plan 1958 you can see numerous terraced houses (planned by SIT and unbuilt) around Redhill and Whampoa. HDB changed housing typology to massive blocks with smaller flats and eliminated terraced houses.
1960s estates composed only by linear slab blocks (corridor style) in most common height of 10 storeys and usually with 12 units per floor, but several blocks were very long, plus 2-storey shophouses. Minimal distance between facades was not regulated, usually 15-30 metres.
HDB aimed to build 50000 dwelling units in first 5 years, so a simple brutalist architecture was chosen, in contrast with the Art Deco and Modernist themes used by SIT. Kampong clearance has been started.

Old photos showing Outram Park (built 1963)
Outram Park around 1970 Outram Park around 1970
Old photos from Bukit Ho Swee estate (built 1962-1964).
The 7-storey blocks in left side contains 1-Room Emergency flats.
Bukit Ho Swee Bukit Ho Swee
Old aerial views of Toa Payoh New Town, first phase built 1965-1973
Toa Payoh Toa Payoh

1960s typical HDB floor plans

During 1960 and 1970, HDB flat types were Standard (with WC) and Improved (with WC and shower), plus Emergency for 1-Room and 2-Room, on double-loaded corridors, I am not sure if the emergency flats were implemented due of the Bukit Ho Swee fire in 1961 or were introduced before the fire. Floor plans without dimensions on HDB InfoWEB > Public Housing > Cost Effective Designs, the double-loaded corridor typology has been reused for 1-Room improved in late 1960s and 1970s.
The floor areas have broad range, 1-Room (23-33 sqm), 2-Room (35-45 sqm), 3-Room (50-70 sqm), and unlike SIT, HDB built just very few 4-Room (70-85 sqm) in Outram Park, Henderson and Toa Payoh.
The only standing 2-room Emergency flats are blk 91, 92, 93 Henderson Rd , blk 1 Maude Rd, blk 2 Kitchener Rd.
I estimate average size during 1960s around 40-50 sqm.

1960-1970 slab blocks with 2-Room Standard (44-45 sqm), 3-Room Standard (50-55 sqm), 4-Room Standard (70-75 sqm)
Most blocks of this type were upgraded with utility rooms, some with bedroom extension including en-suite toilet.

1967-1978 (estimated years) slab block with 1-Room Improved (33 sqm)
The ONLY home ownership 1-room block is blk 7 Telok Blangah Crescent, all others are rental blocks and HDB never provide floorplans for rental flats.
1I (33 sqm) Telok Blangah Crescent
Some 1-Room blocks are 2 meters wider, units 50 cm longer, larger facade slits and one additional window behind toilet (example blk 123 Bukit Merah View). Can somebody give me clues about the internal floor plan?
Bukit Merah View

1967-1978 and 1982-1988 slab block with 3-Room Improved (60 sqm), 3½-Room Improved (69 sqm)
Most blocks of this type were upgraded with 5-6 sqm utility rooms, these utility rooms vary in shape and size so that is why I posted here original floorplans without utility room.
3I (60 sqm) 3½I (69 sqm)

1970-1978 slab block with 4-Room Improved (82-84 sqm or -88 sqm with kitchen extension), stairs for each two units.
Whampoa 4I (87 sqm) 4I (82 sqm)

1967-1970 point zig-zag block with 3-Room Improved (72 sqm or 76 sqm with utility extension)
3I (76 sqm)

JTC floor plans

Jurong Town Corporation established in 1968, what they built: Taman Jurong (built 1969-1974?, most demolished in 1990s and 2000s), Boon Lay Gardens (built 1974-1978, mixed with HDB, most demolished in 1990s and 2000s), Teban Gardens (built 1977-1978, mixed with HDB, some demolished in 2000s), Pandan Gardens (built 1978-1979, all survived), Sembawang (7 blocks demolished in 2004). The 5-Room point blocks built a by JTC have a unique feature: 2 entrance doors!

JTC 3-Room JTC 5-Room JTC 5-Room
Anyone have a floor plan of the JTC 4-Room point blocks (zig-zag ones)? Last ones will be demolished in 2013.

1970s – New towns era

HDB planned to build a ring of New Towns around Central Water Catchment.
In early 1970s four new towns were started: Bedok, Marine Parade, Marsiling, Telok Blangah; also for smaller estates like Geylang Bahru (in Kallang), Aljunied, Haig, Eunos and Sims (in Geylang), Dover, Ghim Moh, Holland Village (in Queenstown); Pandan Gardens and Teban Gardens (in Jurong East); Boon Lay Gardens (in Jurong West); Farrer Road (in Bukit Timah), Lor Lew Lian (in Serangoon), Sin Ming (in Bishan).
Construction continued in Toa Payoh (blocks 210-235) and Queenstown (Holland, Ghim Moh, Dover).
In the second half of 1970s construction commenced for three more New Towns: Ang Mo Kio, Clementi / West Coast, Hougang (only several blocks), and for small estates like Hillview (in Bukit Batok, demolished in 2005), Nee Son (now part of Yishun), Teck Whye Estate (now part of Choa Chu Kang).
HDB also built Rural Centres, mini estates with several hundred flats to house farmers: Changi Village (considered in Pasir Ris), Kranji / Lim Chu Kang (abandoned from 2002), Punggol Road End (in Sengkang area, demolished in 2004), Seletar Road (in Serangoon area), Seletar West Farmway (in Sengkang area), Sembawang Road End (demolished in 2004).

1970s generation estates were dominated by big slab block in most common heights of 12, 13 or 16 stories and usually with 14 or 18 units per floor, most were over 100 metres long, plus point blocks of 20 and 25 storeys, and 4-storey shophouses.
Unlike 1960s, most 1970s blocks have the first (ground) floor as void deck. Minimal distance between facades was 30 metres.

Marine Parade was, and is still the most prestigious HDB estate, also the oldest HDB estate remained intact (no demolished or new blocks). Built between 1973 and 1976, it contains about 7900 units in 56 blocks, slab blocks with 2/3/4-rm flats and also 17 tower blocks with 96 units of 120 sqm 5-rm flats. Average flat size: 76 sqm, a record for their age (today average is a little bigger due of upgrading programmes and many adjoined flats in 3-rm blocks.

Ang Mo Kio / Marine Parade
Ang Mo Kio Marine Parade
Clementi (~1978) / Telok Blangah (~1978)
Clementi Telok Blangah

1970s typical HDB floor plans

In mid-1970s were introduced New Generation flats: 3-Room (67 / 82 sqm) and 4-Room (92 sqm), which unlike Improved flats, the NG flats have 2 toilets, both with WC and shower, one attached to master bedroom, plus store room.

The point blocks with four units per floor were introduced in early 1970s. The earliest ones had 4-Room Improved flats (84 sqm), but in 1974 were introduced 5-Room Standard/Improved flats (117-125 sqm) in point blocks, all 5-room have 2 toilets, both with WC and shower, one attached to master bedroom. 30 point blocks with 4-Room and 223 with 5-room were build until around 1985. The HDB Floor Plans 1930-present is copyrighted by www.teoalida.com.
In 1978 were introduced 5-Room flats also on slab blocks, as distinct from tower blocks.
3/4-Room Standard flats disappeared in early 1970s and Improved flats in late 1970s.
The average size rose from 60 sqm in early 1970 to 75 sqm in late 1970s estates.

Beside HDB, Housing Urban Development Corporation also built public housing, sandwich housing for middle-income people. HUDC flats are similar in layout with HDB Executive Apartments & Maisonettes built in 1980s, and their floor plans cannot be found. List of HUDC estates.

1976-1988 slab block with 3-Room New Generation (67 sqm), 3½-Room New Generation (82 sqm), and 4-Room New Generation (92 sqm), big kitchen
3NG (67 sqm) 3NG (82 sqm) 4NG (92 sqm)

1976-1988 slab block with 4-Room New Generation (91 sqm), two units per staircase
4NG (91 sqm)

1976-1980 slab block with 5-Room Standard (117 sqm), two units per staircase
Also contains few 4-Room New Generation (89 sqm) at lift level
5STD (121 sqm)
4NG (89 sqm)

1978-1985 slab block with 5-Room Improved (121 sqm), 2 units per segment.
Also contains 4-Room New Generation (98 sqm) at the lift level
5I (121 sqm) 5I flat (121 sqm) 4I flat (98 sqm)

1972?-1974 point block with 4-Room Improved (77-84 sqm)
4I (77 sqm) from block 53 Chin Swee Road 4I (91 sqm)
1974-1979 point block with 5-Room Standard (114-123 sqm)
1977-1985 point block with 5-Room Improved (117-123 sqm)
I don’t know the difference, the type with longer master bedroom exists both as Standard and Improved.
5STD flat (117 sqm) 5STD flat (123 sqm)

1980s – More new towns

In the early 1980s seven New Towns were started: Bukit Batok, Hougang, Jurong, Serangoon, Tampines, Woodlands (integrating Marsiling), Yishun (integrating Nee Son), as well as small estates: Bukit Purmei (in Bukit Merah), Ubi (in Geylang), Kaki Bukit (in Bedok), Joo Seng and Potong Pasir (in Toa Payoh).
In the late 1980 four more New Towns were born: Bishan, Bukit Panjang, Choa Chu Kang and Pasir Ris, as well as Estates: Simei (near Tampines), Kembangan (in Bedok), Toh Yi in Bukit Timah). Jurong New Town is expanded with Nanyang neighborhood. Also little additions for Clementi and Toa Payoh.
1980s generation estates are composed by slab blocks in most common heights of 10, 12, 16 storeys, usually with 10 or 12 units per floor, plus the well known 25-storey point blocks which dominate skyline. The high-rise blocks are sometimes surrounded by 4-storey walk-up blocks on east and west sides. By unknown reasons, after 1985 only few blocks were built with more than 12 storeys. Compared with previous decade, 1980s blocks were arranged in more rigid patterns and block corners were bend to give the precinct a sense of enclosure. Most blocks were perfectly aligned to west-east direction to avoid sun, the blocks oriented north-south were low-rise. Minimal distance between facades were 24 metres.

Prefab block vs non-prefab blockPrefab HDB blocks
In 1980s they started using prefabrication in HDB flats, allowing a record production of HDB flats, according WikipediaUsing prefabricated parts, a block of high-rise flats could be built in a month” but I do not believe. Also I never understand something: today’s BTO blocks use prefabricated panels too and have nothing similar with these, and are built in 3-4 years. Probably they were referring that in 1980s they made blocks entirely prefab, load-bearing prefab walls.
These 1980s prefab blocks with load-bearing walls can be identified by being uglier, having simple floorplan, plain external walls (unlike normal blocks which have columns visible on facade and windows pushed back), and having ceiling leaks. They achieve lower prices than normal blocks, you are not allowed to hack most of walls.

Bishan neighborhood 1xx (1985-1988) / Bukit Batok (1984-1985)
Bishan New Town neighborhood 1xx (built 1985-1988) viewed from Bishan Loft Bukit Batok New Town (built 1984-1985) viewed from The Jade

Hougang Central (~1989) / Woodlands neighborhood 1xx (~1985)
Hougang New Town (built ~1989) Woodlands New Town (built ~1985)

1980s typical HDB floor plans

Along the 3/4-Room New Generation and 5-Room improved, in 1982 were introduced Model A flats: 3-Room, (75 sqm), 4-Room (105 sqm), 5-Room (135 sqm), and in 1984 were introduced Simplified flats, 3-Room (64 sqm), 4-Room (84 sqm).
Also in 1984 were introduced Executive flat (140-155 sqm), having 3 large bedrooms and utility/maid room, it replaced the 5-Room Model A. Most of Executive units were Maisonettes (double storey) the rest were Apartments (single storey). Maisonettes built in 1983-1984, before introduction of Executive name, were called 5-Room Improved-Maisonette or 5-Room Model A-Maisonette, many people asked me what is a 5-Room Maisonette and what is the difference compared with Executive Maisonette, the only difference is the building year.
In 1987-1988 were introduced new series of 4-Room Model A, 5-Room Improved, and Executive, with 4 bedrooms or 3 bedrooms plus study room with sliding doors, rather than 3 bedrooms plus utility room for former EAs.
Multi-Generation flat are a rare type, only 7 blocks of this type were built in 1987 (Bishan 137, Tampines 454, 460, Yishun 605, 632, 633, 666), on same structure like the 3/4-Room Simplified blocks, but flats are paired two by two and reconfigured, having 2 entrances, 2 living rooms, 2 kitchens, 3 bedrooms and 3 toilets.
New Generation flat types disappeared around 1985, but surprisingly, several blocks of 3-Room Improved were built in late 1980s.
Population got wealthy and the demand for small flats felt down. The 1- and 2-Room flats were phased out in mid-1980s, last blocks being Tampines 441, 442, 466, 471. Average HDB flat size for 1980s estates is 90-100 square meters.
3-Room and 4-Room Simplified flats were phased out too in 1989, boosting average size for new HDB flats from 100 sqm in 1988 to 120 sqm in 1991.

STRANGE, very few flats have leases 1990 and 1991, despite that construction rate was constant, at least 10000 dwelling units being completed each year. Number of flats with lease 1991 is about 6% of the number of flats with lease 1989 and 1992 according HDB resale flat prices e-service. A possible hypothesis is that HDB decided to set lease start date later than actual completion date (confirmation needed).

1982-1989 slab block with 3-Room Model A (73-75 sqm) and 4-Room Model A (105-108 sqm)
3½-Room Model A (88-90 sqm) exists but is so rare that I never found floorplan.
Website visitors reported me that early 4-Room Model A have different floorplan, similar in shape with 4-Room New Generation with toilets near each other, but big as 105 sqm instead of 92 sqm.
3A flat (75 sqm) 4A flat (105 sqm) 4A flat (105 sqm)

1982-1985 slab block with 5-Room Model A (133-135 sqm), 2 units per segment
5A flat (133 sqm)

1984-1989 slab block with 3-Room Simplified (64 sqm), 4-Room Simplified (84 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (120 sqm)
A 4-room Model A lift-level version under 5-Room Improved should also exists.

3S flat (64 sqm) 4S flat (84 sqm) 5I flat (120 sqm)

1987-1988 slab block with 4-Room Simplified (84 sqm) and 4-Room Model A (104 sqm)
4S flat (84 sqm) 4A flat (104 sqm)

1983-1984 slab block with 5-Room Model A Maisonette (137-140 sqm, some -155 sqm) and 5-Room Model A (? sqm) on corners
1984-1988 slab block with Executive Maisonette (144-147 sqm, some -160 sqm) and Executive Apartment (146 sqm) on corners
5-Room Model A Maisonette (139 sqm) EM (147 sqm) EA (144 sqm)

1987-1990 slab block with 4-Room Model A (104 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (121 sqm), some blocks have L-shaped corners, with 4-Room Model A (108 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (122 sqm)
4A flat (104 sqm) 5I flat (121 sqm)
4A flat(108 sqm) 5I flat (122 sqm)

1991-1992 slab block with 4-Room Model A (103-107 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (121-123 sqm), 2 units per staircase.
Why I post 1992 block under 1980s? Because is the LAST block type without lifts access to every floor, similar with 1980s ones.
A WEIRD block type: some of these blocks, more exactly the last ones built in 1992, have corridors at every floor but not continuous corridors (a part of blocks have corridors at floor 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, other part of blocks at floor 3, 6, 9. Probably they were altered during construction, were designed with lifts at alternate floors but finally were installed lifts that stop at every floor, thus explaining why they did not got LUP (NOT SURE), who live in this type of block, please clarify!
The units at non-lift level have a tiny balcony facing to staircase void, while the unit just above lift-level have a huge balcony sized like the bedroom of the lift-level units (no floorplan found).

4A flat 4A flat 4A flat
4A flat (? sqm) 5I flat (122 sqm) 5I flat (121 sqm)

1988-1992 slab block with Executive Apartment (142 sqm) and Executive Maisonette (146 sqm)
EA (142 sqm) EM (146 sqm) EM (146 sqm)

1987-1988 slab block with Multi Generation flats (151-171 sqm)

1990s – The modern HDB blocks

In the early 1990s extensive construction was done in Choa Chu Kang, Hougang, Pasir Ris, Tampines, Woodlands, and many small areas in other towns.
In the late 1990s three New Towns were started: Sembawang, Sengkang, Punggol. Construction suddenly stopped for Tampines and Pasir Ris but continued for Bukit Panjang, Choa Chu Kang, Hougang, Jurong East, Jurong West (Pioneer area), Woodlands.

HDB stopped deciding the prices of new apartments based on construction costs, instead they decided based on market prices. Prices of resale flats and new flats entered in a vicious circle, rising 50% in just 6 months of 1993 and tripled to 1996, then felt down 30% to 1998 and remained constant to 2006.

The profit seems that was used for increase in housing quality. Lifts stops on every floor now and refuse chutes are centralized for all blocks leased from 1993 onward, every estate have multi storey car parks, so no more cars are parked on the street. This allowed higher density, taller blocks, and a lot of green space between blocks. All blocks are linked with car parks, bus stations and other facilities, with covered walkways, so no more problems if the sun is too hot or is raining.
Blocks height vary between 9 and 18 storeys, most are with 15 storeys. No more walk-up blocks were built. Structural elements became thicker, 30 cm or more, rather than 20 cm in pre-1990 blocks, and more pillars per block (I do not know if HDB blocks are designed to withstand earthquakes). Unfortunately minimal distance between blocks was reduced to 18.3 metres (60 feet).

In middle 1990s HDB introduced Premium Apartments, precincts which are individually designed and built with better quality finishes, you get them in ready-to-move condition, with flooring, kitchen cabinets, built-in wardrobes. In Standard Apartments you get raw concrete waiting your renovation.
Also Design&Build and Design Plus (I am not sure if D&B and Premium apartments are together).

HDB also started redeveloping the old estates. Since 1991, various upgrading programmes were launched, to bring the old flats at same high quality housing like new flats. They build new lifts that stop on every floor and multi storey car parks, the former ground parking spaces between blocks was converted in park.

Most of 1- and 2-rm rental blocks were demolished during 1980s and 1990s and the land was reused for new blocks with 5-rm and Executive units. Other rental blocks were converted, units adjoined, creating what is unofficially called Jumbo Flat and sold like new flats. Since 1994 flat owners were allowed to buy an adjacent flat and adjoin them, but only for 3-rm or smaller flats, officially called Adjoined Flat. The HDB Floor Plans 1930-present is copyrighted by www.teoalida.com.

Selective En-bloc Redevelopment Scheme was implemented in 1995 to demolish owner-occupied blocks and rehousing the residents in new blocks built in nearby location. Usually low-rise blocks with large space between them are selected for SERS, while dense and tall blocks are selected for upgrading. Exceptions happen: three 25-storey tower blocks from Hillview were announced for SERS in 1999 and demolished in 2005 after only 25-30 years I estimate. See my List of SERS sites.
A small amount of owner-occupied blocks were demolished before 1995.

Privatization of the former HUDC estates started 1995.

Bukit Panjang (~1990) / Bishan neighborhood 2xx (1992)
Bukit Panjang (built ~1990) Bishan neighborhood 2xx (built 1992)

Pasir Ris blocks 6xx (1995) / Jurong East – Toh Guan Road precinct (1998)
Pasir Ris blocks 6xx (built 1995) Jurong East - Toh Guan Road precint (built 1998)

1990s standard HDB floor plans

The HDB flats topped since 1993 have higher variety of layouts, sizes ranging 4-Room Model A (100-108 sqm), 5-Room Improved (120-128 sqm), 5-Room Model A (133-137 sqm), Executive Apartments / Maisonettes (142-150 sqm). Share of 5-Room and Executive flats increased, raising average size of new flats to over 120 square meters in 1991-1996 (even 130 sqm in 1994-1995 due of Jumbo converted blocks.
Strangely, a small number of 2-Room flats have been built in 1994 (Pasir Ris block 142), does anyone have more info about these mysterious dwellings?

1993-1995 block with 4-Room Model A (107 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (125 sqm), 4/5-room corner also exists!
4A (107 sqm)
(no floorplan found for 5-Room Improved pair of this block type)

1996-1998 slab block with 4-Room Model A (100 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (120-123 sqm), some blocks have some smaller units named 4-Room Model A2 (90 sqm), some have different corners with 4-Room and 5-Room units, others have a wing with 2 units of 5-Room
4A2 (90 sqm) 4A (100 sqm)  5I (121 sqm)
4A (103 sqm) 5-Room Improved floor plan (121 sqm) 5I (123 sqm)

1993-1998 point block with Executive Apartment (144-147 sqm), some are L-shaped with 4 units per floor or U-shaped with 5 units per floor, some are longer like slab blocks and include corridor units, some also contains Executive Maisonette
EA (144 sqm) EA (146 sqm) Executive Apartment floor plan (146 sqm) EA (147 sqm)

1993-1998 atrium block with Executive Apartment (142-146 sqm), some are square blocks with 4 units per floor (of which 2 use right plan), some have 6 units per floor, one side with 4 units and other one with 2 units per floor
Executive Apartment floor plan (143 sqm) Executive Apartment floor plan (146 sqm)

1990s non-standard and crazy HDB floor plans

UNIQUE, 1997 Premium contract Tampines blk 498 (atrium block) composed by 4-Room Model A (106 sqm), 5-Room Improved (126 sqm) and Executive Apartment (144-148 sqm).
Premium Executive Apartment from Tampines Block 498 (144 sqm)

UNIQUE, 1998 Bedok blk 140 with 5-Room Improved (121 sqm), 3 balconies!
5-Room Improved from Bedok blk 140 (121 sqm)

UNIQUE, 1997-1998 Premium contract Bukit Batok blk 288/289 (atrium block) composed by Executive Apartment (144 sqm) and Executive Maisonette (165 sqm), EA have 3 balconies!
Premium Executive Apartment from Bukit Batok 288/289 (144 sqm) Premium Executive Maisonette (165 sqm) Premium Executive Maisonette from Bukit Batok 288/289 (165 sqm)

UNIQUE Executive Apartments from Pasir Ris donut block and Bukit Panjang
Executive Apartment from Pasir Ris Street 13 (146 sqm) Executive Apartment from Bukit Panjang (142 sqm)

UNIQUE, HDB Penthouse Maisonettes
They are located in topmost floor of some 1990s precincts in Bishan (52 units, up to 199 sqm), Choa Chu Kang (12 units, 182 / 215 sqm), Queenstown-Strathmore (4 units, 192 sqm), (source), also unknown number of units in Hougang (176 sqm) and Pasir Ris (189 sqm).
Executive Maisonette from Bishan blocks 276, 286, 289 (172 sqm) Executive Maisonette from Pasir Ris 1xx (189 sqm) Executive Maisonette from Pasir Ris 1xx (189 sqm)

Jumbo and Adjoined HDB Flats

Jumbo Flats: blocks taken back by HDB, flats joined into bigger flats and resold with fresh leases (1992-1996), they appear in HDB Resale Transactions as 4-Room Model A, 5-Room Improved / Model A, Executive Apartment and you cannot tell which of them are converted. Jumbo converted flats size vary from 90 sqm (2-Room + 2-Room) to 189 and 192 sqm (3-Room + 4-Room Model A), and larger ones have 3 toilets. Unlike the 1980s Multi-Generation flats, Jumbos DO NOT have 2 entrances or 2 kitchens.
Most Jumbo flats are in Woodlands and Yishun, few are in Tampines, Jurong East, and Ang Mo Kio (only smallest type from 2-room blocks)
Adjoined Flat: flats joined by owners, they appear in HDB Resale Transactions as 4-Room / 5-Room / Executive Adjoined Flat, unlike Jumbo flats, the adjoined flats CANNOT be 3-rm + 4-rm, can have 2 entrances but most owners walled one entrance.

Two examples of (Jumbo) Executive Apartment created from one 3-rm with one 4-rm, and one example of converting three 3-Room Simplified flats into two 4-rm flats.
Jumbo flat comprised by 3S and 4S flats Jumbo flat comprised by 3A and 4A flats Jumbo flat (189 sqm)

Example of 5-Room Adjoined Flat composed by two 3-Room Improved (NOT a Jumbo flat)
Adjoined flat

First downsize of HDB flats

Another revolution came for the HDB flats topped in 1998.
The flat areas were standardized to a slightly smaller size: 4-Room (100 sqm), 5-Room (120 sqm), Executive (140 sqm). Average flat size 110 sqm. 5-Room no longer have study area. Executives are 3 bedrooms plus open study area that can be walled into a 4th bedroom.
household shelter was provided in every flat, having strengthened 30 cm walls and sealing door, it replace the normal store room, it eats about 5 sqm of space, and hacking it is not allowed. Useless feature in my opinion. The worst part is sometimes placed in middle of flat, making the layout less flexible (some exceptions in 2000s: 1/2-rm rental blocks and some 2/3-rm sold blocks have a storey shelter instead of household shelter).

Block naming system (slab, point, atrium) has been aborted.
Flat naming system (Improved, Model A, etc) is no longer used in sale brochures but is still shown in resale transactions. All 4-rm are Model A and all 5-rm are Improved.
In sale brochures, the flats are named Type A = 4-rm, Type B = 5-rm, Type C = Executive.

1998-2000 block with 4-Room Model A (100 sqm), 5-Room Improved (120 sqm) and Executive Apartment (140 sqm), some blocks have 4-Room Model A2 (85 sqm)
4A (100 sqm) 5I (120 sqm)

1998-2000 block with Executive Apartment (140 sqm) and Executive Maisonette (142 sqm).
Executive Maisonette with bomb shelter RARE, only 10 blocks!! (no floorplan found for EA pair)
EM (142 sqm)

Second downsize of HDB flats

All HDB flats topped in the year 2000 lost 10 sqm. 4-Room (90 sqm), 5-Room (110 sqm), Executive (130 sqm), Maisonettes were no longer built.
In attempt to minimize number of corridor-facing flats, the shape of blocks became complex, with many corners were are placed 5-rm units (which are simply 3-bedroom flats with larger living rooms), the number of 5-rm units exceeded 4-rm for 2002 and 2003 years and the average size remained high as 105 sqm in 2000-2005.

2000-2005 block with 4-Room Model A (90 sqm), 5-Room Improved (110 sqm) and Executive Apartment (130 sqm)
The 5-room posted here is actually 117 sqm from 1998-2000. I will replace it soon with a more authentic plan
4A (90 sqm) 5I (110 sqm) Executive Apartment floor plan (130 sqm)
Executive Apartment (132 sqm) from Jurong West blocks 656

Premium: Sembawang Blue Riverview (2001) with 4-Room (102 sqm), 5-Room (118 sqm), and Executive (137 sqm)
4-Room Premium (102 sqm) 5-Room Premium (118 sqm) EA Premium (137 sqm)

2000s – The decline

During 2000s, no other New Town or Estate were started. Construction continue only in existing estates.
The demand for new flats felt sharply after 1997 Asian Crisis. This right after the most prosperous decade, with 24000-36000 flats were topped each year between 1994 and 2001. The queue, once 5 years long, vanished and left about 40000 unsold completed flats in the year 2000, most of them being 5-Room and Executive.
In 2007, due of bad economic conditions and increased number of poor people, HDB resumed building rental blocks, corridor-style with 1- and 2-room apartments.

The Registration for Flat (classic queue selling system) was suspended in 2002.

Walk In Selection has been introduced in March 2002 to help clearing the stock of unsold flats. It ended in February 2007 and was replaced by Quarter-Yearly Sale of 2/3-Room flats and Half-Yearly Sale of 4-Room and bigger flats, which in 2010 were combined in Sale of Balance Flats, containing leftover flats from past BTOs as well as old flats repurchased by HDB. Because some flats are completed and available without waiting time, SOBF draws much interest, the battle being about 10 people per each flat.

Build-To-Order was introduced in April 2001 and became main supply of flats. Flats are offered for sale before being built. Tender for construction is called only if at least 70% of units have been booked (50% since 2011), otherwise the project is canceled and may be re-launched when will be more demand, with a different name and sometimes different design. The first BTO projects were launched in April 2001 and were completed in early 2005. For the first projects were low interest, 5 of them being cancelled. But later, the demand increased and most projects became oversubscribed, so from 2008 HDB launch 2 BTO projects every month. See my List of BTO launches including statistics.
BTO system prevent HDB to built surplus of units, but it created a lag in housing supply, causing prices to rise since 2007. BTO system give you the advantage of choosing exact location of your home and estimated completion date (3-4-5 years, depending by development size), but the disadvantage is that some people apply multiple times until get the luck to pass the ballot exercise.

Design, Build and Sell Scheme are public housing built and sold by private developers, it feature condo-style facades, but without guards, pool, or other condo facilities, it is still public housing! First DBSS project was launched in 2006 and completed in 2009. See the List of DBSS on HDB InfoWEB and my list of DBSS projects that include statistics.

Taller and taller blocks were built, in areas where are no height restrictions. 30-storey complexes appeared since late 1990s, and the first 40-storey complex (Toa Payoh Towers) was completed in Q1 2005.

Bukit Batok West Avenue 5 (2005) / The River Vista @ Kallang (2010)
Bukit Batok West Avenue 5 (built 2005) The River Vista @ Kallang (2010)

Sembawang – Blue Riverview (2001) / Sengkang – Compassvale South Gate (2001)
Sembawang - Blue Riverview (2001) Sengkang - Compassvale South Gate (built 2001)

Punggol – Edgedale Green and Periwinkle (2007)
Punggol - Edgedale Green (built 2008) Punggol - Periwinkle (built 2007)

2000s random HDB floor plans

Along 4-Room (90 sqm) and 5-Room (110 sqm), HDB reintroduced 3-Room (60 sqm, later ones 65 sqm) and 2-Room (35/45 sqm). Officially 3-Room was introduced in 2004 via BTO system (completed 2008) but actually there are 3-room completed early as 2002 (Cantonment Towers built for SERS).
Studio Apartments (35/45 sqm) were introduced in 1998 for people aged over 55, they are sold with 30-year leases and cannot be sold in resale market. Originally were built in all-studio blocks, but from 2006 were mixed in BTOs with normal 3-, 4-, 5-room units.
Due of large amount of unsold flats of larger sizes, HDB stopped building Executive Apartments, last one being topped in 2004, also very few 5-Room were topped in 2007-2009 (Executive Maisonettes no longer built since 2000). Overall, all rooms became smaller, since Executive are no longer build, most 5-room got back the study area.
The average size of new flats dropped from 105 sqm in 2000-2005 to 90 sqm in 2007 and around 80 sqm later.

A common misconception is that Executive Apartments were replaced by Executive Condominiums. This is WRONG! Executive Condominium scheme was launched in 1995, it is private housing under eligibility rules similar with HDBs, they offer flat sizes varying as much as 50-300 sqm, no idea why the word Executive takes part of it.

All 2000s-designed flats are designed to offer full privacy (except rental blocks built since 2007). Punggol is the first town with NO corridor-facing flats. Last flats with rooms facing to corridor were leased in 2005. First BTO project was completed in 2005 and got lease from 2006, so all BTOs offer full privacy.

Too many different layouts were build in the 2000s, most flats are similar in circular pattern: living – small bedrooms – master bedroom – bathrooms – kitchen, but a lot of variations in room sizes, there are floor plan variations even from one floor to another floor of same block, so is not possible to post on my website all possible floor plans.

If you want floorplan of a certain block, try a Google search with street or precinct name (rather than block number). Look on www.renotalk.com or other forums, where people post their floor plans asking for renovation ideas.

Pre-BTO era Punggol floor plans: 4-Room (90 sqm), 5-Room (110 sqm) and Executive (130 sqm), oversized living room
Punggol Spring 4-Room (90 sqm) Punggol blocks 16x 5-Room apartment (110 sqm) Punggol Oceanus Executive Apartment (130 sqm) from Punggol

BTO/SERS era mix: 2-Room Studio (45 sqm) from Commonwealth View SERS, 3-Room (66 sqm) from Straits Vista BTO, 4-Room (90 sqm) from Membina Court SERS, 4-Room (90 sqm) from Kallang Heights SERS with bad-shaped living room, 4-room with central living room from unknown area. Point mouse cursor on photos for details!
2-Room Studio (45 sqm) 4-Room (90 sqm) from Membina Court 3-Room (66 sqm) from Woodlands Straits Vista 4-Room (90 sqm) from Kallang Heights 4-Room

Treelodge @ Punggol: premium BTO with 4-Room and unusual 5-Room Loft units
Treelodge 4-Room Treelodge 5-Room Loft

THIS is how does look a block full with unsold Executive Apartment (140 sqm?) split into 2-Room (52 sqm?) and 3-Room (83 sqm), 5 sqm lobby, resulting in a fucking crazy layout! Notice window position for living room and master toilet! I am curious if they built another bomb shelter for the 2-Room! This is from Sengkang, but converted blocks are also in Jurong West.
3-Room floor plan (83 sqm) converted from Executive Apartment

Pinnacle @ Duxton, the first 50-storey public housing complex, was completed in December 2009, and in February 2010, HDB anniversaries 50 years of history. It is the biggest BTO project, having 1848 units (7 blocks × 44 residential floors × 6 units per floor) 2 floors of skygardens, 2 flat types (S1 4-Room 90-93 sqm and S2 5-room 103-106 sqm), different combinations of bay windows, balconies and planters create 35 distinct flat layouts.

Pinnacle@Duxton 4-Room Pinnacle @ Duxton Pinnacle@Duxton 5-Room

Worst HDB flats – contrasting HDB layouts

Bukit Batok West Avenue 5, blk 383-395 (Goodview Gardens, 2005), probably identical with Farrer Park blk 11-15 (2004). 4-Room Model A, possible the WORST HDB layout, TINY living room with blocked view, being 4×4 it is impossible to put a TV, sofa and dining table, space-wasting hallway to bedrooms, bad shape of common bedrooms.
Sengkang, blk 297-299 (Compassvale Green, 2001), Premium Executive Apartment, one of the craziest-proportioned HDB flats, HUGE living room and tiny bedrooms, no hallways, contrasting with Bukit Batok ones.

4-Room (90 sqm) from Bukit Batok Goodview Gardens (blocks 383-395) EA (134 sqm)

2010s – Today trends

Three new housing areas were announced in HDB Press Release in 2013: Bidadari Estate (within Toa Payoh planning area), Tampines North and Punggol Matilda. NO new town was officially announced so far. Additional construction is done in Bukit Batok (west end), Choa Chu Kang (south end), Yishun (east side) and Sembawang (very ulu area).
The planning work for Bidadari started in 2012 and may get first BTO launches in 2015

Some unreferenced info on Wikipedia state that after the current New Towns will be saturated, HDB will start Tengah, Simpang, Bukit Brown, Bidadari and Seletar… this info may have been extracted from Concept Plan 2011 but the Concept Plan itself seems that was not yet published as 2013.

BUT in my opinion is not possible to start a new town using the current BTO system, flats sold before being built. Who the fuck will apply for a BTO flat located in middle of nowhere, without knowing how many other blocks or amenities will be launched nearby? The single solution is to start building NOW and sell them through SOBF when some amenities are at least planned! Proof: the very low 0.4 application ratio for May 2013 BTOs in ulu corner of Sembawang.

The demand for HDB flats is very strong nowadays. HDB ramped up BTO supply too late, from 9000 flats in 2009 to 25000 flats in 2011. Since Walk-in Selection ended in 2007, many citizens who are eligible for new flats but do not accept the 3-4 year waiting time of BTO system, turn to resale market, THIS caused the resale flat prices to double from 2007 to 2012 and the prices of new flats grew according to resale prices.

2010s flats

SkyVille & SkyTerrace @ Dawson, two iconic BTOs were launched in December 2009. SkyTerrace feature lofts and paired units (similar with dual-key units in condos), this design caused some waste of floor space of the already too small and too expensive apartments.
They are most expensive HDB flats ever offered for sale, due of prime location near Queenstown MRT, and were still oversubscribed (9865 applications for all 1718 units, up to 12 applicants for each 5-rm unit, but in case of 3-rm units were slightly less applicants than units).
Flats are even smaller than in Pinnacle@Duxton, to 83 sqm for 4-rm and 101 sqm for 5-rm.

Other BTO projects of 2010s decade remained at the standard sizes 45 / 65 / 90 / 110 sqm (excluding balcony and A/C ledge). Due of high demand for 5-room, the average flat size rose from 80 sqm for BTO flats launched in 2009 to 85 sqm for BTO flats launched in 2012.
Meantime, private developers continue to downsize their flats, affecting DBSS projects too, for example Trivelis use 60 / 80-82 / 105 sqm. Of the 105 sqm 5-room, only 88 sqm is internal, be shocked at floor plan! If they specify balcony size 12 sqm, living room should be 3×5 m, common bedrooms 3×2.5 m, study 2x2m.
DBSS land sales were suspended in July 2011 after the Sim Lian Group, developer of Centrale 8 (8th DBSS) set outrageous prices around $880.000 for 5-Room. So far 13 land parcels were sold for DBSS, totaling about 9000 apartments.

For the first time in 15 years, HDB launched a bigger flat type in July 2013 BTO: 3gen flats having 4 bedrooms and 3 bathrooms in 115 sqm (following a trend started by Executive Condominiums offering 5-bedroom flats). Room sizes can be compared with the 4-room flats, having slightly larger living room, an extra 15 sqm bedroom and 5 sqm bathroom.
HDB stopped building 5-room and Executive flats in early 2000s due of economy recession and unsold units. Economy recovered but HDB refuse to restart building Executive flats claiming that family size dropped, and these flats were often purchased by rich families who can afford too much space for no reason.
So in my opinion, 3gen flats with eligibility restricted to a married couple plus another family relative, are welcome!

New Generation of Public Housing, the SkyVille and SkyTerrace @ Dawson Punggol Waterway Terraces
SkyVille @ Dawson 4-room 3gen flat


More USEFUL info

How to find the age of a HDB block
Use Resale Flat Prices, by this way you also see which flat types available in the block, and their areas. Does not work for rental blocks.
Note: you cannot find the age of block, you will find the Lease commence date, which is more important than block building year. Lease year correspond with building year + 1, with few exceptions (see below).
See also Status of HDB upgrading programmes, showing number of units in any block, too bad that they do not display the building year too, as upgrading programmes are usually done by the year of being built.
The only cases when HDB publish the real year when a block was built, is when the blocks are selected for SERS.

What is Lease Commence Date?
Is when the 99-year lease starts… and the years used by me in naming the floor plans are Lease Commence Date, NOT launch date or construction finishing date.
Household shelter appeared in HDB Annual Report 1996 and first blocks have leases from 1998.
Before BTO era, construction took 2-3 years (maybe even less in case of old low-rise blocks).
Lease starts usually after up to 1 year from when construction is finished, this rule does not apply for pre-1973 blocks, in which Lease Commence Date is the year in which HDB decided to sell / allowed tenants to buy their flats. Tiong Bahru blocks built in 1948-1954 blocks have leases from 1973, Redhill blocks built in 1955 have leases from 1983, some 1970s 2-Room blocks were reserved for rental until 1986, the blocks converted during 1990s into Jumbo flats have leases from the year of conversion.

Home Ownership Scheme was introduced in 1964, but oldest HDB leases are from 1967. HOS was piloted in Tiong Bahru pre-war blocks in 1965-1967, they are also the only SIT/HDB flats transacted as private properties (source), and people could use CPF to purchase their flats. So, in 1967 they realized how to implement HOS without privatization of HDB!!??

Some people are unhappy that all HDBs are 99-year leased, saying that nobody wants to buy flats with less than 30 years lease. But oldest leases are from 1967, and most of 1960s HDBs have been already demolished, most condos are en-bloc after only 30 years. No blocks can reach end of lease soon. But I cannot imagine Singapore of the year 2050, too many blocks has been built since 1980s onward to SERS them.

How urban planning in Singapore was done
Since 1960 to 1990s all HDB towns were planned using a standard density of 200 dwelling units per hectare. Flat sizes were growing over the years, leading to a stupid situation: the blocks with big flats were closest apart, they were inhabited by richer people who were expecting more privacy and more space to park their cars… while the 1-room rental flats had largest spaces and empty carparks.
Since 1990s (not sure exact year), urban planning control is done using plot ratio (gross floor area divided by land area). To create a vibrant city, low-, medium and high-density areas were created.
The ratios were revised and raised in Master Plan 1998, today most public housing are in 2.8 – 4.2 range, low-density condos are low as 1.4 and office buildings in Central Business District reach a plot ratio of 12.

How many New Towns built HDB in Singapore?
Usually is said that 27, but this is the number of Planning Areas-based “Towns”, do not confuse with “New Towns” .
Based on construction stages:
Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT) and Housing and Development Board (HDB) built 20 New Towns (10000-70000 units) and over 40 small estates (under 10000 units).
Jurong Town Corporation (JTC) built between 1968 and 1980s(?) a small number of blocks for low-income people, in Jurong and Sembawang industrial areas.
Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDC) built between 1974 and 1985 19 estates of 7750 units (source) or 18 estates of 7731 units (source) for high-income people who did not qualify for HDB flats but could not afford a private property. Never found any list of them… so I made myself a list of 21 HUDC estates.
HDB took over JTC and HUDC in 1982, becoming sole provider of public housing in Singapore.

URA defined 55 Planning Areas in 1991, HDB New Towns and Estates were reorganized into 27 “Towns”. There is no relation between Planning Areas / Towns and historical development HDB New Towns / Estates. HDB Towns match the URA planning areas with 2 exceptions:
- Kallang-Whampoa is one HDB town stretching on 3 planning areas (Kallang, Whampoa, Novena)
- Pasir Ris town also include Changi Village (from Changi planning area)

- Geylang, Kallang-Whampoa and Bukit Merah towns contains several HDB estates built inside of the main city, which cannot be considered “New Towns”.
- Tampines planning area includes 2 HDB New Towns: Tampines and Simei (I’m doubt to call Simei a New Town, it is only 7036 units, less than Marine Parade Estate).
- Jurong was built in 1980s as a single New Town, but now is split between two planning areas due its massive size, notice the continuity of block numbers (1xx – 3xx in Jurong East, 4xx – 9xx in Jurong West), but Jurong West also have blocks 1-271 from the old Taman Jurong and Boon Lay JTC estates, NOT part of Jurong New Town.
- Lim Chu Kang planning area contained a very small estate (93 units) which was abandoned in 2001, still appeared on HDB Resale Flat Prices e-service until 2009.


About me
I wrote this article from my own personal research since 2009, as others (including Wikipedia) creates confusion or may contain errors. Please do not copy any part of text without my approval. You can use the HDB images.
This article was intended as student-like research, showing HDB history and evolution of TYPICAL floor plans, but seems that most people use it as resale buying guide or expect a complete floor plan collection, no matter how many floor plans I post, they want more floor plans. Some people even emailed me floor plans of their own flat, to post it on website (most being too similar with the ones already posted, or too rare to worth posting), while others complain that the website is cluttered and suggested to STOP posting more unessential info. I reached 100 posted floor plans so I decided in late 2012 to not add any more. Who wants specific floor plans can ask me. List of page updates.
Least clicked floor plans are considered unnecessary so I may delete them to clean up website! How I track image clicks.

How I got floor plans?

Trouble finding floor plan of a certain block? Do you have a floor plan and want to know where it is located?
I am happy to help up to 5 people per day for FREE.
Especially in case of pre-2000 flats there are 90% chances to find the right floor plan, but in case of BTO flats and 1990s premium projects the chances are less than 20%. Do not ask me floor plans of blocks under construction, floor plans with dimensions are provided at key collection, not earlier. I can give you PDF brochures, without dimensions.
I have high experience in HDB architecture so I can identify flat types in 99% of HDB blocks just by looking in satellite photos, eventually street view, takes 5 min provide you possible floor plan (if I have), but cannot guarantee that will match 100% your flat. This is useful to see flat layout before purchasing.
If you already purchased a flat and want a floor plan for renovation, you are advised to buy floor plan from HDB for $5 to get the correct floor plan.

Do not make stupid request like “Gimme the 4-room floorplan AMK model” each HDB town may have dozens of floorplans, there are NO per-town models, each floorplan can be found in multiple towns, due of this there is NO reason to sort the HDB Floor Plans page by town / address (some people suggested this).

Buy brochures and floor plans!
I chat with website visitors, finding floor plans and offering consultation that cost time without being paid for. The chat itself cost me $134 per year.
The website was originally hosted on Webs.com, free hosting with limited storage and bandwidth, I moved the website on paid hosting. If you want me to continue, please support me!

HDB sell floor plans of requested flats, for $5 per floorplan.
So, I decided to sell my collection of BTO brochures since Dec 2009 onwards, for $1 per launch, as well as collection of SOBF brochures since 2008. Several hundred floor plans with dimensions in PDF format. Why you pay $5 for one floorplan when you can pay $50 for hundreds of floor plans? Don’t miss such great offer!
Buy them in www.teoalida.com/store/ !

If you are student or love architecture, I invite you to check the apartments designed by me, some being inspired from HDB and improved or alternatives to HDB layouts.

Other articles about history of public housing in Singapore:


When I created this page in December 2009 I posted about 30 floor plans taken from SOBF Oct 2009 brochures (copied image from PDF and pasted in Paint), the ones with yellow-cream background.
Now there are 100 floor plans on this page, the rest being collected from random forums and blogs. All with different image dimensions, the page is a mess!
There are no thumbnails, images are linked to high-resolution and resized using HTML codes. Each image is about 200 KB, × 100 = 20 MB to be loaded every time someone access the page.

As 2014 I am thinking to remake floor plan collection, here are my ideas:
- Remake all floorplan images by taking screenshots from SOBF Mar 2012 and newer PDFs (over 1000 floor plans to choose from), copy-paste do not produce same scale, so I will screenshot every PDF at 100% (or 200% to create higher-resolution floor plans). Standardize image dimensions (800×600, 800×800, 1000×1000, etc), make low-resolution thumbnails (will improve page load)
- Add some text on images, write file name on image (year-flat type-sqm) (floorplans are often re-posted on forums where people don’t pay attention to file names.
- Also write towns where it can be found (some people ask me from where is certain floorplan).
- What additional ideas do YOU have?

Photographs are from Panoramio, Wikipedia, etc and are linked to their original source.

Statistics: most downloaded HDB floor plans.

Poll made in January 2014:

surveys & polls

Nov 25

Will prices drop in 2014, 2015, 2016…?

As you can see in the chart, Singapore HDB flat prices DOUBLED in last 5 years due of insufficient supply of new flats. Would you like to see prices dropping in the next 5 years to the early 2000s value? Think about owners who worked hardly to pay current flats which will lose half of value.

Check this out: HDB Median Resale Prices by Town - Excel file compiled by me showing price trends PER TOWN since 2007. Updated 25 April 2014 (every 3 months).
The gaps in lines are because HDB do not provide median price if less than 20 flats were transacted per quarter. The chart may help (or not) to see if the prices will grow or fall in your town! I am waiting for feedback…

HDB resale flat prices 1990-2014

Chart legend

Demand for apartments in Singapore was high but felt sharply at 1997 Asian Crisis, about 80.000 flats were under construction and were completed in the following years, resulting in about 40000 unsold flats in the year 2000. 2003 SARS affected economy too, so 5 years were necessary to clear the stock of unsold flats.
Queue selling system (Registration for Flat) was suspended, Build-To-Order was introduced, and Walk-In-Selection was used temporarily to clear the stock of unsold flats. Resale prices were constant because new flats were available immediately.
The stock of unsold flats vanished, Walk-In Selection ended in 2007 and was replaced by Sale of Balance Flats that is only twice per year and the applicant ratio is always over 1:10. Buyers who do not want to wait 3-4 years for BTO completion are forced to go in resale market. Resale prices started rising.
HDB failed to anticipate economy recovering, and ramped up the BTO supply too late and too slow, 5500 BTO flats in 2007, 7800 in 2008, 9000 in 2009 (global recession), 12000? 16000 in 2010, 22000 25000 in 2011, 25000 27000 in 2012, plus some DBSS and EC since 2010, but still not enough to not cope the demand. (strikethrough numbers are initial numbers announced at beginning of year).
Rising supply of BTOs became visible in 2012, causing a small reduction in resale prices growing rate.
HDB lowered minimum application rate to 50% in 2011 (was 70% or 80%, not sure), but since mid-2000s to 2013 no BTO had application rate under 100% (except elderly Studio BTO flats).

SOLUTION to stop prices from rising: launch at least 30000 units of BTO per year, until the applicant ratio drops under 1:1, and set bigger price difference between mature and non-mature estates to harmonize the applicant ratio and avoid oversubscription of certain projects! The leftover flats could be sold later through SOBF.
Also, HDB should NOT increase MOP because this is lengthening price rising.


Will prices drop?

Analysts predicted that the prices in Singapore will start dropping in 2012 (example), as they predicted in 2011, 2010 too. In my forecast, resale flat prices will NOT fall even in 2012, the growth will be slowed down as COV felt a little, but will continue to grow for as many years as HDB refuse to build ahead of demand, forcing us to wait 4 years via BTO!
The cooling measures from 2011 such as Minimum Occupation Period of 5 years, just make people angry as they can sell their flats only after 9 years after applying for BTO. Stupid MOP cause less flats to enter resale market in the coming years, the number of people not eligible for buying directly from HDB (for example PR) is growing.
Most of BTOs launched in the 3 years 2009, 2010, 2011 will be completed in only 2 years 2013-2014… ~ 40000 flats to be completed in 2014 alone + 5 years MOP = this may lead to a market crash in 2019. I am not saying that prices will not start to fall earlier, but the biggest price fall can be in 2019.

Note: The above text was written by my personal research at end of 2011. Later I found a similar research on h88.com.sg dating from Feb 2012, that confirm my hypothesis  They say that prices will drop no sooner than 2017! Oh dear…

During 2014, prices are likely to be stagnant. I estimate max 1-2% fall or rise per quarter. Usually the biggest chance to rise is in Q2 and Q3.
Multiple cooling measures, such as 3 year waiting period for permanent residents to buy resale flats have created fear that the housing market may crash. I don’t think that PR have big impact on prices, AND there’s one more reason for prices to RISE in 2013-2015: few new flats will enter resale market because HDB increased minimum occupation period in 2010 from 3 to 5 years.
Prices dropped with 0.7% in Q3 Q3 and 1.3% in Q4 2013 (first drop in 5 years). Such minor drop in prices may cause panic, if many people put their flats for sale in a short period of time, this may trigger a chain reaction in price drop, OR if the panic may be just temporarily and prices may rise back in 2014… in the same time HDB may invent new cooling measures to prevent this. HDB can also invent anti-cooling measures in case prices drop with more than 10% in one year.
1.5% fall in Q1 2014. I predict that the following quarter will have max 1% drop or rise.

For more exact predictions, we need to know how much % of the resale flat buyers are PR or singles (ineligible for new flats), and how many are eligible for buying directly from HDB but choose to buy resale flats for whatever reason (waiting time for BTO, unsuccessful applications, small size of new flats, etc).
Many people blame the PR, but in my opinion they are just a small insignificant percentage. From my personal experience in chatting with website visitors, many people apply only for popular BTO projects that always get oversubscribed, fail to get a good queue number, then decide to go on resale market. I met also rich people who don’t care paying $100K COV to get a good flat.
Some (how many?) BTO buyers sell their existing flats as soon they get the keys of BTO. This helps increasing supply of resale flats before 2019, the year when many flats will fulfill MOP.

New BTO flat prices won’t fall accordingly resale prices, they were traditionally priced 20% cheaper than resale prices, but since 2011 were “de-linked” and priced 30% cheaper (even if we exclude grants for first timers) as the HDB anticipated price fall. even if the prices fall 10% for 3 consecutive years, BTO buyers will still have profit from selling their flats. This does not apply for DBSS flats which were overpriced.

What you should know:
- Upgrading programmes and upcoming MRT lines also drive up the nationwide resale price index.
- The size of today flats may encourage people to go in resale market for flats built before 1998 (NOT SURE if this push up the resale prices, record of psf is now hold by resale flats built in 2000s).
Prices are most likely to grow in Punggol faster, due of many upcoming developments (remember that several years ago it was cheapest town?). GROW ENDED! Punggol suffered biggest price fall in late 2013, as results of over-speculation during last years.
- Prices are most likely to fall in the old 10-storey blocks of Queenstown and Toa Payoh that are getting shadowed by the new 40-storey blocks.
- Prices may fall in Bishan because this area was over-valuated during construction of Circle Line.

Affordability of HDB flats
Yes they are still affordable!
Proof: every launch, the higher priced BTOs (better locations) gets most applicants.
HDB Website shows application rate. See how 3-room remained unsold and how big is the battle for 5-room despite of higher prices. See the TRUTH about shrinking HDB flat sizes!

web polls

Sep 30

HDB floor plans > AutoCAD .DWG

HDB 5-Room flat Fernvale Foliage 3D ModelI am writing this page after I has been hired by a Malaysian architect to draw in AutoCAD few HDB blocks for analysis of space efficiency.
Later a Singaporean asked me to draw his own HDB flat and propose furniture layout. Another one asked me if I have certain HDB flat in DWG format, I answered that “I can draw it now in AutoCAD” but he replied “Thanks anyway” and quitted…
Beside this, I watch the website traffic and I noticed many searches like “hdb 3-room new generation dwg file“, and most people do not click About Me page to realize that I am CAD designer and I could offer them. So I made this page to show that…

I offer design service for converting HDB floor plans in AutoCAD DWG files!
And not just that. Feel free to contact me for anything that can be drafted in AutoCAD.

HDB 3-Room New Generation HDB Point Block 5-Room Improved

You can give me floor plan of your flat, you can choose floor plans from this page with 100 Typical HDB Floor Plans (but beware of possible differences between your flat and the general floor plans posted here), or give me your block number and I may have or not the exact floor plan in my collection of PDF floor plans.
You can choose the detail level (to add or not furniture, dimensions, etc) and how to give you (PDF, DWG, etc). 3D model floor plan is possible too.
Price for PDF / DWG files: $10 + $10 for each flat floor plan or + $20 for each block floor plan. So if you want 1 flat, price is $20, if you want 10 flats, price is $110. PayPal preferred.

Sep 15

HDB flat types and their sizes

I saw a list of HDB flat types & models on SingaporeWatch.org as well as many other blogs, I have no idea who copied it and who was the original author or it, but since it was wrong and incomplete, I decided to make OWN list of flat types rather than copying it in my website too.
I am the original author of this list. Please do not copy my list elsewhere or if you do, credit me with a link to my website.

For more details, see HDB history & floor plans page!

Block types
Slab block – long narrow corridor-style block with 4 to 40+ units per floor
Point block – 4 apartments per floor, no corridors, being placed at distance from other blocks
Atrium block – a term introduced in 1990s denoting blocks with more than 4 units per floor but without long corridors
All 3 terms are no longer in use since late 1990s.
Nowadays HDB blocks are a mixture, similar with point/atrium blocks but having 6 to 12+ units per floor, long corridors but without rooms facing to corridors, and the blocks are placed close eachother so they looks like a slab block when viewed from street.

1960s-1980s flat types (refuse chute in kitchen)
1-Room Emergency (1960-?) – all demolished
2-Room Emergency (1960-?) – all demolished
1-Room Standard (1960-?) – no evidence if it existed, in my opinion should exists
2-Room Standard (1960-1970) – around 41 sqm, one WC (sample floor plan)
3-Room Standard (1960-1970) – around 50-55 sqm, one WC (sample floor plan)
4-Room Standard (1960-1970) – around 70-75 sqm, one WC (sample floor plan)
5-Room Standard (1974-1980) – 117-123 sqm, two toilets (sample floor plan)
1-Room Improved (1967-1978) – supposedly 33 sqm but multiple layouts exists (sample floor plan)
2-Room Improved (1967-1978) – usually 44 sqm, one WC and one shower
3-Room Improved (1967-1978) – usually 60 sqm (3½-Room I Modified 69 sqm), one WC and one shower (sample floor plan)
4-Room Improved (1967-1980) – usually 82-84 sqm, one WC and one shower (sample floor plan)
5-Room Improved (1977-1990s) – usually 121-123 sqm, two toilets (sample floor plan)
3-Room New Generation (1975-1985) – usually 67 sqm (3½-Room NG Modified 82 sqm), two toilets, (sample floor plan )
4-Room New Generation (1975-1985) – usually 92 sqm, two toilets (sample floor plan)
3-Room Simplified (1984-1989) – usually 64 sqm (sample floor plan)
4-Room Simplified (1984-1989) – usually 84 sqm (sample floor plan)
3-Room Model A (1982-1989) – usually 73-75 sqm (3½-Room A Modified 88-90 sqm, very rare) (sample floor plan)
4-Room Model A (1982-1990s) – usually 105 sqm (sample floor plan)
5-Room Model A (1982-1985) – usually 135 sqm, just few built, replaced by Executive Apartment (sample floor plan)
5-Room Model A Maisonette (1983-1984) – most 140 sqm, some up to 155 sqm, TWO floors, just few build, replaced by Executive Maisonette (sample floor plan)
Executive Apartment (1984-1990s) – usually 142-146 sqm, ONE floor (sample floor plan)
Executive Maisonette (1984-1990s) – most 147 sqm, some up to 160 sqm, TWO floors (sample floor plan)
Multi-Generation (1987) – 132 sqm / 151-171 sqm, most 166 sqm, ONE floor, TWO entrances (sample floor plan)
Jumbo, 4-Room / 5-Room / Executive (1992-1996) – around 90-192 sqm, ONE entrance (adjoined by HDB, fresh leases)
Adjoined Flat, 4-Room / 5-Room / Executive (any year) – around 90-175 sqm (flats adjoined by owners, original leases)

Early 1990s flat types (centralised refuse chute, no household shelter)
4-Room Model A (1993-1998) – usually 100-108 sqm
5-Room Improved (1993-1998) – usually 120-128 sqm
5-Room Model A (1993-1998) – usually 133-137 sqm
Executive Apartment (1993-1998) – usually 142-150+ sqm
Executive Maisonette (1993-1998) – usually 144-146 sqm, penthouses up to 190 sqm, TWO floors

Late 1990s – today flat types (with household shelter)
Studio Apartment – 35/45 sq m (2001-present)
2-Room Model A – 45 sq m (2008-present)
3-Room Model A – 60 sq m (2002-2008), 65 sq m (2008-present)
4-Room Model A – 100 sq m (1998-2000), 90 sq m (2000-present)
4-Room Model A2 – 90 sq m (1998-2000), 85 sq m, some 80 sq m (2000-present), SERS-blocks only
5-Room Improved – 120 sq m (1998-2000), 110 sq m (2000- present)
Executive Apartment – 140 sq m (1998-2000), 125/130 sq m (2000-2005)
Executive Maisonette – 140 sq m, TWO floors (1998-2000)
3gen flat – 115 sqm (introduced 2013, to be completed 2016-onwards), 4 bedrooms, 3 toilets, home ownership restricted for couples + 1 additional family relative
Note: the naming system (Improved / Model A) is no longer used in sales brochures since 1998, but is still displayed in the Resale flat prices.


What is the difference between Studio and 2-Room
2-Room are for anyone, with 99-year leases. Studio are for age 55+ with 30-year leases, cannot be sold in open market. Floor plan is similar.

What is the difference between 4-Room and 5-Room
Many people asked me this, because all BTO-era flats have 3 bedrooms.
The difference is 20 sqm, where these 20 sqm are added vary much, larger living room including study corner, larger bedrooms, or in few cases, an extra bedroom!

What is the difference between Standard and Premium HDB flats
Premium contract: tiles, wall paint, doors, kitchen cabinets, probably wardrobes too (not sure), plus better outdoor landscape, and in best cases, basement carpark.
Standard contract: raw concrete waiting for your renovation, doors optional.

What is the difference between BTO and DBSS flats
Can’t believe that some people do not know this and asked me
BTO are sold by HDB at subsidized prices while DBSS are sold by profit-hungry private developers at super fucking crazy outrageous high prices.
Beside this, DBSS imitate condos including their bad features, such as smaller rooms but big balcony and A/C ledge, there is NO advantage over BTO flats.

Beware of HDB naming system!
The naming system (4-Room, 5-Room, etc) is confusing, it do not denotes actual number of rooms, it define the flat size in square meters.
The total flat floor area is (too) standardized after 1998. Probably the reason of standardization is related to prices and taxes.
Individual room sizes may vary very much, for example: in 1985-2000 period, some 4-Room Model A had 3 small bedrooms and a livingroom big enough to build a 5th room (example), while some 5-Room Improved from same period had only 3 (but big) bedrooms and a livingroom (example).

Before 1988, all 5-Room and Executives had 3 bedrooms and a large room with separate living and dining areas, Executive have an additional utility/maid room.
During 1988-2000, the 5-Room had 4 bedrooms and a small livingroom, many owners demolished one bedroom get a proper sized livingroom, while Executives had 4 bedrooms and a big livingroom, sometimes separate living and dining areas (in most cases 4th room is called study and have two sliding doors, or no door at all).
After 2000, 5-Room are nothing else than 3 bedroom flats with larger livingroom, while Executive Apartments have 4 bedrooms but most have 3 bedrooms plus an open study area. After the Executive Apartments were no longer built since 2005, the study area was introduced in 5-room flats.

My opinion
Too much standardization in flat sizes, the naming system (Improved, Model A) should be dropped from resale transactions or replaced with a new name, because since 1998, ALL 4-Room are Model A and all 5-Room are Improved. This creates confusion with the 1970s Improved and 1980s Model A flats, also the today 5-Room are nothing else than a flat with 4 larger rooms, they are the smallest flats named 5-Room in HDB history.

Aug 15

List of Executive Condos

Punggol Prive ECExecutive Condominium is a form of subsidized housing built by private developers, having same eligibility restrictions like HDB (family nucleus, citizens and permanent residents), you should dispose any other property 30 months before applying, minimum occupation period of 5 years before you can sell to other eligible citizens and PR.
After 10 years since TOP date, all restrictions are lifted and even single foreigners can buy. See the TOP date in the following table:

Completed EC
(sorted by TOP date)
Location Street address TOP Date Units
Eastvale Pasir Ris Pasir Ris Dr 3 27 Jan 1999
Westmere Jurong East Jurong East St 13 27 Feb 1999
Simei Green Tampines Simei St 4 28 Apr 1999
Windermere Choa Chu Kang Choa Chu Kang St 64 16 Sep 1999
Chestervale Bukit Panjang Bangkit Rd 20 Mar 1999
Pinevale Tampines Tampines St 73 28 Jul 1999
Yew Mei Green Choa Chu Kang Choa Chu Kang Nth 6 1 Sep 2000
Summerdale Jurong West Boon Lay Drive 8 Sep 2000
The Rivervale Sengkang Rivervale Link 28 Jun 2000
The Florida Hougang Hougang Ave 7 18 Feb 2000 /
30 May 2000 *
Northoaks Woodlands Woodlands Cres 3 Oct 2000
Woodsvale Woodlands Woodlands Dr 72 5 Aug 2000
The Floravale Jurong West Westwood Ave 13 Oct 2000
The Eden Tampines Tampines St 34 16 Apr 2003
The Dew Bukit Batok Bt Batok St 21 19 Jul 2003
Bishan Loft Bishan Bishan St 11 26 Sep 2003
Lilydale Yishun Yishun Ave 6 29 Mar 2003
Nuovo Ang Mo Kio Ang Mo Kio Ave 9 31 Aug 2004 #
Park Green Sengkang Rivervale Link 30 Sep 2004
Whitewater Pasir Ris Pasir Ris St 72 31 Jan 2005 /
1 Mar 2005 *
The Esparis Pasir Ris Pasir Ris Dr 4 22 Jun 2005 #
The Quintet Choa Chu Kang Choa Chu Kang St 64 23 Oct 2006
La Casa Woodlands Woodlands Drive 16 22 Feb 2008 /
25 Apr 2008 *
Prive Punggol Punggol Field 17 Jul 2013 680
Esparina Residences Woodlands Buangkok Drive /
Compassvale Bow
11 Sep 2013 573
The Canopy Yishun Yishun Avenue 11 (Yishun E3) 14 Jan 2014 406
Austville Residences Sengkang Sengkang East Avenue /
Buangkok Drive (Sengkang E3)
22 Apr 2014 540
Belysa Pasir Ris Pasir Ris Drive 1 / Elias Road 28 May 2014 315
RiverParc Residence Punggol Punggol Drive / Punggol East 19 Jun 2014 504
Under construction EC
(sorted by land sale order)
Location Street address Estimated
Arc @Tampines Tampines Tampines Avenue 8 (Tampines E9) 2015 574
Blossom Residences Bukit Panjang Segar Road (Bukit Panjang E3) 2014 602
The Rainforest Choa Chu Kang Choa Chu Kang Drive ? 466
The Tampines Trilliant Tampines Tampines Central 7 2015 670
Twin Waterfalls Punggol Punggol Way / Punggol Field 2015/2016 !!?? 728
Watercolours Pasir Ris Pasir Ris Drive 3 / Pasir Ris Link 2016 416
OneCanberra Yishun Yishun Avenue 7/ Canberra Drive 2016 665
Heron Bay Hougang Upper Serangoon View /
Upper Serangoon Road
2016 394
Waterbay Punggol Punggol Central / Edgefield Plains 2016 383
The Topiary Sengkang Fernvale Lane 700
Forestville Woodlands Woodlands Avenue 5 / Woodlands Drive 16 653
CityLife@Tampines Tampines Tampines Central 7 / Tampines
Avenue 7 / Tampines Avenue 9
2016 514
Ecopolitan Punggol Punggol Way / Punggol Walk 2016 512
Twin Fountains Woodlands Woodlands Avenue 6 /
Woodlands Drive 16
Lush Acres Sengkang Sengkang West Way / Fernvale Link 380
Sea Horizon Pasir Ris Pasir Ris Drive 3 / Pasir Ris Rise 495
Waterwoods Punggol Punggol Field Walk / Punggol East Mar 2017?? 373
SkyPark Residences Sembawang Sembawang Crescent / Sembawang Drive 2016-2017 502
TBA Woodlands
TBA Sengkang
TBA Punggol

* Project received phased TOP:

* Florida (TFD)
- Phase 1 consists of Blocks 70 & 78, TOP 18 Feb 2000.
- Phase 2 consists of Blocks 72 & 76, TOP 30 May 2000.

* Whitewater (WEC)
- Phase 1 consists of Blocks 27, 29, 31, 33, TOP on 31 Jan 2005.
- Phase 2 consists of Blocks 21, 23 & 25, TOP on 1 Mar 2005.

* La Casa
- Phase 1 consists of Blocks 50, 52, 54, 56 & 58 on 22 Feb 2008.
- Phase 2 consists of Blocks 60, 62, 64, 66 & 68 on 25 Apr 2008.

# Certificate of Statutory Completion (CSC).

Are you agent, interior designer, anything else related to real estate?
Advertise on my website! See traffic stats and ad prices.

Future Executive Condo launches

You can see the land sales and under construction EC here:
http://www.hdb.gov.sg/fi10/fi10330p.nsf/w/LandDevMangSitesSold?OpenDocument > Residential Development > Executive Condominium (I do not post direct link to PDF file because every time when HDB sell a new EC site, the PDF is renamed and the link gets broken.

Note that NO executive condominium was topped between 2009 and 2012, next ones will be topped in 2013 or 2014. HDB phased out EC scheme in favor of DBSS scheme, but resumed EC in 2010 in parallel with DBSS, then suspended DBSS in 2011.

Executive Condo statistics

Executive Condo flats are 2, 3, 4 bedroom, 3-bedroom being dominant (unlike normal condos dominated by studios and 2-bedroom). A small number of 5-bedroom apartments appeared in EC launched during 2013.
Like DBSS, EC are designed by private developers hungry for profits, to sell as many units possible, the apartments were downsized until became smaller than HDB flats.
I do not have exact info about number of rooms distribution in pre-2008 EC but flat sizes are ranging around 110 sqm for 3-bedroom to over 200 sqm penthouses.
In the new EC launch after 2011, sizes like 80 sqm for 3-bedroom and 110 sqm for 4-bedroom are common. Note that the sizes include an oversized balcony and A/C ledge, while the bedrooms can be small as 6 sqm.
Executive Condos often include penthouses sold at unrealistic high prices considering the EC income ceiling of $12.000. Government capped max apartment size in EC to 160 sqm since January 2013, and Forestville is the LAST EC with bigger apartment sizes, biggest penthouse is 252 sqm. Stupid rule in my opinion, developers being unable to build bigger apartments will start increasing price per sqf.
Largest EC apartment is 324 sqm, in The Quintet (source).

About me

Although I am interested in HDB only, I added this page on my website in early 2012, after several request from visitors. I had the list of completed Executive Condominiums since 1-2 years ago, in my computer. Since November 2012 I added also the under construction EC, I compiled using www.h88.com.sg.
Let me know if I should add more info!

Aug 13

Database of HDB blocks

In 2009, a period when I had no school, job, or customers to work for, I started making a table of buildings in Singapore, containing number of units of each type, street address, lease year, etc.
Purpose: my personal use for studying housing density in selected estates and use the results in designing own apartments.

In the same time I made a vectorial map of Singapore using AutoCAD, drawing all roads in certain HDB estates, for purpose of measuring land size of various housing areas.

Download FREE sample:

HDB Database.xls (Original 2010-2011 version).

HDB Database.xls (different version proposed in 2014, visually enhanced, number of units breakdown by flat type. May require more work time thus bigger price).

Anyone interested in such HDB database, please tell me how do you plan to use it, and suggest which would be the IDEAL table layout, how many columns and what data should be included for each HDB block!
I need several answers BEFORE wasting any more time expanding the table using a wrong layout… then if I meet a potential customer, may refuse to purchase because it was made “as I wanted” and I will need to waste additional time to remake it “as he wants“.

Alternatively, I can provide a list of block numbers (only that), without building age, number of units, or other time-wasting stuff. Can be done nationwide in few dozens hours only, thus cheaper price.
Buy it from Store. 26 towns, about 9800 blocks.

Interested in something different? Contact me… and I will tell you if is possible to make it!

History & changes done and confusion experienced over time

- I started in early 2009, originally having only 4 columns: block number, floors, units per floor, total units. I counted number of units per floor by looking in satellite photos, and guessed the number of floors by measuring shadow length.
- In Dec 2009 Google launched Street View in Singapore, which was very helpful for me. I improved the database, corrected block heights and got more precise estimation of number of units.
- During 2010 I added also building year and street address.
- In 2010 HDB website shows the number of units in upgrading programmes. I started re-making the database and replace the estimated numbers with correct official numbers. Added also upgrading programmes announced for each block.
- In 2011 I got TIRED of changing table layout and wasting time re-making towns already done. All the changes and new ideas got over time makes the work harder and require too much time.
The database covered about 40% of Singapore (mostly Central and Western) in the simple 2009 layout and 10% in the improved 2010 layout. This was enough for the intended purpose of research.
Estimated time required to complete the database nationwide, in the current format: several hundred hours.

Nowadays I work for people, or for hobbies that actually generate revenue, I no longer have time for unnecessary and voluntary (non-paid) works… UNLESS I find a customer willing to PAY my time.

In late 2012 I published on my website a SAMPLE file of HDB Database, to see if there is any market potential, who would be interested a such directory of HDB blocks and how it would be used, and if I can make revenue enough to motivate spending time to continue a such time-costly project.
I has been contacted by many non-serious people, a so-called “customer” even asking if I am selling the HDB database but not answered my questions to inform me what data he actually wants to buy. Others praised my initiative, few students wanted the database for personal research, counting blocks, etc. They are unlikely to pay any significant sum of money, this DO NOT motivate developing the HDB database. Sorry!

I came in conclusion that there IS market potential for selling a HDB database, BUT I still don’t know who would buy it and what the customers actually want to buy.
Since they did not told me what data should it contains, I guess that some people do not need much data and may be happy to purchase only the list of block numbers)
In June 2014 I added in database the remaining half of Singapore (block numbers only, no additional data), visually enhanced the table using vertical coloured columns (a style used for all my Excel works since 2011), also reorganized the table by Public and Private housing (instead of condos mixed with HDB if they are on same land parcel), removed land parcel areas and housing density calculation (I believe that nobody will be interested in this) plus some additional changes… and posted it for sale in Store.
Feel free to buy it! Or contact me if you are interested in additional data!

Possible changes that I can do:
- Remove condos and other private buildings from database, stick on HDB only.
- Make additional columns to show number of flats of each type, not just total number of flats – my own idea in 2011, currently done for List of BTO projects
- Add latitude/longitude GPS location for every block – suggested by 1 people, too hard job, not in mood to do it (unless I am paid a big sum of $$)

Poll 1 (voting started May 2014)

Poll 2 (voting started 2013)

Aug 12

About me – introduction

This website is maintained by ONE person… since 2009
I am a freelancer with diverse interests, working mostly as graphic/CAD designer in a variety of fields… but in architecture field I am the BEST. I have high knowledge in real estate and cars too. I also love exploring the world to study the housing, collecting info, making databases, etc.
I made this website to present my works, share knowledge and promote my services.

Do you want to buy my works or to work something for you?

Contact me! , leave a comment on any page, or use the chat widget!
I am online 10-14 hours daily except when I am sleeping, out of home or I do not have internet connection. Messages left on chat during offline turn into emails. I reply to EVERY email in minutes or next morning. Please check your Spam / Junk folder if you do not see any reply in Inbox.
Yahoo Messenger: , Google Talk: .
Don’t contact me via Facebook, I get lots of friend requests from strangers and spammers so I don’t answer to anyone.

Please DON’T send me Webdesign & SEO promotional emails. You are welcome to send me ideas and suggestions for website, I am happy to do them myself, I DON’T want to let a SEO company to edit my website.

Portfolio – example of works done

Most of pre-2012 works are done for personal creative / artistic hobby, a major flow of customers began since 2012.
While most people spend their free time playing games or with friends, personally when I do not have customers to work for, I play creatively in AutoCAD, Word and Excel, or study architecture and real estate, even with NO professional purpose (playing games isn’t a NO purpose activity too?), what I do remain forever and I show it in this portfolio!
Please leave comments about my works. Constructive critics appreciated more than praises.


Apartment DesignHousing design
My biggest passion: architecture. I started studying in 2008 and I made “Teoalida’s Virtual City” with over 20 apartment block types designed for high-density, dozens of apartment layouts, floor plans ranging from 30 sqm 2-room studio to 150 sqm 5-room and even 200+ sqm penthouses, 100 sqm in average apartment size, designed based on an average ratio of 25-35 square meters per capita.
(virtual city – because I am not a developer, I don’t have capital to build them).
House DesignStarting from 2010, I completed the Virtual City with landed houses too, detached, semi-detached, terraced and cluster houses (landed condominiums), small and large house plans plus 3D models, currently ranging from 50 sqm 2-bedroom to over 300 sqm and 6 bedrooms, inspired from different parts of world.
What was originally just a hobby, it turned into a money-making business since 2012… I design houses for people and developers around the world, who get impressed by my “Virtual City” and contact me for architecture services.
Palace DesignPalace 3D design
Probably the most beautiful masterpiece of CGI art that I ever made, this 3D modelling project is a virtual reconstruction in AutoCAD of an REAL, abandoned building, which today was left in ruins.
Interior DesignInterior design
If I design houses why I would not design 3D models of furniture and interior design too? I do not have experience in interior design as high like the experience in architecture design, but… feel free to contact me and help me training!
Car DesignCar 3D design
One of my older passions was for automobiles, in 2000-2007, period in which I drew real cars with Paint, also my own car models, with Paint and later in 3D in AutoCAD. My car models are not very modern or sport cars, but at least they are designed with many details as possible, and rendered with all photo-realistic effects available in AutoCAD, to showcase my skills of 3D modelling.
Car DatabaseCar database
Due of my passion for automobiles and obsession for making tables and statistics, since 2003 I made a car encyclopedia, several lists in .DOC format and tables in .XLS format which allows easy sort and filter. This include a table with over 14000 car models from almost entire world, with main technical data (80% of database are European cars).
This is another hobby turned into business. A variety of companies looking for vehicle databases are buying my Excel tables.
Car DatabaseOther databases
I love working in Excel, here are examples of other databases done:
- The Music Database, one of the most USELESS things that I ever made.
- The HDB Database, table of buildings in Singapore.
- The Hong Kong Housing Database, table with 400 public housing estates and most important 1000 private housing estates.
- The Sims 2 List of Items, database with all 4544 items available in game.
- The Sims 3 Worlds, database of all the 23 worlds and 1845 lots from game.
- And few more! What will be the next database to do?
Map DesignMapping design
As related with architecture and urban explorer passion, I love to design maps too!
Between 2004 and 2007 I drew these maps for my city and nearby towns, vectorial drawings in AutoCAD then colored in Paint.
Graphic DesignMiscellaneous 2D design
Other projects that I had made as graphic designer, that does not fall into above categories. Including paper-to-CAD redrafting services!
Feel free to hire me for any CAD-related work, technical, mechanical design, 2D design, 3D design, etc, but I have most experience (and most customers) for architectural design (because my website promote it)
WorldHousing around the World
I love exploring the world to study architecture, housing and living conditions, and I have published here the research results and country reviews. This hobby is NOT money-making.
Originally (2009) a page with general info about 3 countries, plus a page dedicated for Singapore HDB history, photos, statistics and floor plans, because it was my main source of inspiration for “Teoalida’s Virtual City” so I studied it extensively. One year later I made a similar study for Hong Kong, to design apartments inspired from it too.
The study was expanded over time, currently I have 15 pages for Housing in Singapore, 2 pages for Housing in Hong Kong, plus 11 country/region pages with general info about Housing around the World. See also The 10 Greatest Cities in the World!
The Sims 2 planned citiesThe Sims 2 Housing
The favorite game for most architecture students!
Before starting designing buildings in AutoCAD in 2008, I practiced my urban planning talents even in The Sims 2 where in 2007-2008 I planned nice-looking big cities with apartment blocks (although non-functional), towers and houses, on Isla Segundo, Pleasant View, and Starling Springs.
I keep playing the game and I also build functional homes, efficient or beautiful houses and apartments, and I play the game in normal way, life simulation in them. I have over 30 houses for FREE download!
The Sims 2 house designGaming portfolio
Games are the LEAST important part of my life, I am playing max 5% of time sit at computer in average. I show you my Word / Excel work related with games… because I love these software to make databases, statistics, charts, and comparison about almost everything encountered in my life, including about games! For example measuring speed of each car and put the data in a chart.
Age of Empires, one of the most-played games by me, played until 2005, but not favorite anymore.
Beetle Crazy Cup, shit racing game that can be played with 2 players at same computer.
Caesar 3 citiesCaesar 3, the best city-building game, played in 2005-2007 and 2011.
Grand Theft Auto Vice City and San Andreas, played in 2005-2006.
Need for Speed Porsche 2000, Hot Pursuit 2, Underground, played in 2003-2007.
The Sims 2 & 3, my favorite game, played in 2005-2008 and since 2012 onwards. I also played and liked Bridge Builder / Bridge Construction Set, Railroad Tycoon 2 & 3, Quake 2 & 3, Worms, etc.
Too old games?
From when I got internet connection I found that the world have much more games that I though, no reason to waste time with them, so decided to not try new games.
If I do not have anything to work or I get bored by working in AutoCAD, I prefer to play creatively in same AutoCAD, explore the World in Google Earth, learn new things from Wikipedia…
Also, I am mature and often busy by having many responsibilities. I rarely play games, and if I do, I play the same old games which I have from many years ago.
Web design
I did not claim myself a web expert, but I made my website myself without asking any help!
I do not know PHP yet but I know HTML and CSS. 90% of people do not even know these, so feel free to contact me for any help related to website building, promotion, optimization, etc.

Frequently asked questions

Why do you made this website?
What a question… instead of asking why I made it, you should say THANK YOU for making it, as I offer many things for FREE.

Initially I made teoalida.webs.com in April 2009, to have an online portfolio of my works, talents and hobbies (note: some works are made for people requesting them so may be not called hobbies).
I intended to show it to companies and potential customers, for possible collaboration. However, I did this less than 10 times only in 2009-2010, without much success. Currently I get customers primarily along people who are coming from Google.
Over time, the website evolved from a portfolio of my works into a BIG resource of info for real estate and architecture, and most of visitors are not interested in the person behind it and its services.
The “Housing in Singapore” section contribute with 60% of total website traffic, while “Architecture & Design” is only 20%.

For the full story, read About my life page, I hope it answer you, if not, please contact me and suggest how to rewrite the page.

What is all this mix of stuff on same website? / Are you designer, researcher, car database provider, gamer, or…?
I am ALL OF THEM! This is PERSONAL website and my personal life is very diverse!

Some visitors from Singapore may suggest to remove the hobby pages and concentrate on housing… but what, the study of Singapore Housing isn’t HOBBY too? More likely I should remove / move elsewhere the Singapore section because it is slightly off of the intended purpose of my website and it do not generate revenue while my other hobbies are!
The reason for which I keep all them on same website, is that the non-profit Singapore section generate 60% of total website traffic and 80% of Likes and Tweets, thus helping entire website to maintain a high ranking in Google searches.

Are you a company who offer services or this website is made as hobby?
LOL… only companies can offer services? I do not own any company, why I should register a company for 1 employee? Yes most of what you see on website are hobbies, but hobby = non-profit, while my hobbies show my abilities and help me to offer paid services, so should be called business website. Am I right?
I admit, I currently do not fully use the business potential of my hobbies. Any suggestion of money-making is welcome!

What do you do for a living? or How do you earn money from website? I do not see any ads!
I am not sure what is the CORRECT answer… because first, a website is not mandatory to be money-making, then you can see on website examples of what I am doing every day, but these things are not really “done for a living”, some works are non-profit hobbies, some works are paid by customers, others works are done to sell them to anyone instead of specific customers. YES I earn money from website, but I do NOT live with this money. As 2013 my family still feed me (probably will feed me even if I will be a millionaire from my business), so theoretically I do not need money to survive, but I want to work for money to start my own family!
I put NO effort in promoting it and get customers until 2012, but after that, the revenues are rising every year.
Also, I do not put AdSense because few people click it and the earnings will be insignificant compared with earnings from offering services.

Please tell me how to improve About Me page to avoid such funny-weird-stupid questions.


I am proud when I do myself so please do not send me any webdesign offers! I enjoy writing and coding the website myself, only contribute with ideas from random visitors. Although 90% of people praise my website, but the <10% professional webdesigners may consider it poorly-looking.

I am the copyright owner of all text, articles, drawings, renders and all non-photographs images, .DOC, .XLS, .DWG files, etc. Exceptions: the real life photographs, which are linked from their original source or the source is indicated.
I do NOT like copying stuff from other people so please do NOT copy and use my content without my approval!

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