– Map of HDB blocks –

Click each dot on map to view block information. Do you have large screen? Open map on full screen.
Updated with February BTO and floor plans for 1970s blocks. Next update will add floor plans for after-1980 blocks.

HDB block color legend

Blue = Blocks built by SIT (1927-1959).
Pink = Blocks built originally without lifts stopping at every floor, first series of new towns (1960-1982).
Red = Blocks built originally without lifts stopping at every floor, second series of new towns (1981-1993).
Brown = Blocks with centralized refuse chute and lifts stopping at every floor (1992-1999).
Yellow = Blocks with household shelter (1998-2007), including SERS replacement blocks (1999-2006).
Green = Blocks with household shelter sold via BTO (2005-present), DBSS (2008-present), SERS (2008-present).
Cyan = Blocks sold via BTO under MOP or under construction with estimated completion up to 2018.
White = Blocks sold via BTO under construction with estimated completion 2019 or later.
Gray = Blocks sold via DBSS, SERS, SBF, under MOP or under construction with completion date unknown.


I compiled HDB Database and since 2015 I offered it for sale in Excel format, being purchased by several real estate agencies as well as telecommunication and home insurance companies. The price is a bit too high for ordinary people who just need to view info about several blocks.

Now you can search here your desired block for FREE!

Drop-down boxes launched in July 2017, display year build, number of units, upgrading programmes, and few more info. A lot of crap is yet to be done. Map service added in September 2017.

To do list:
– count the floors for the blocks not counted yet
– add floor plans for post-1980 blocks (you can view floor plans in HDB Floor Plans but is a bit difficult to find desired block), 1960s and 1970s blocks added in October.

Do you need additional information? Your suggestions are welcome!

Please report errors on the map!

Enquire information about a HDB block

This drop-down box show ALL buildings, standing or demolished, including multi-storey carparks and pavilions, while the above map show only standing residential buildings.

Public housing in Hong Kong

Hong Kong Housing Authority was formed in 1954, soon after a major file in Shek Kip Mei left 53000 people homeless on christmas day of 1953.

Shek Kip Mei Estate, the first public housing estate, was ready in 1954. The “flats” were just one room of 120 square feet, kitchen and bathrooms were communal, shared by all floor residents. Original plan was to allocate 24 square feet (2.2 square meters) per adult and half that for each child under 12. But due to the extreme shortage in available housing, a flat was shared by more than one family, 10-15 people per room were common in its first years, and during summer months, people were sleeping also on corridors.

Lower Ngau Tau Kok Estate, built in early 1960s, was in the first group of estates built with lifts. All blocks were 16-floor high, elevators were stopping at ground, 8th and 13th floors.

All were resettlement estates (temporary housing).

In 1961 the “low-cost housing” scheme was introduced through the construction of 62,380 flats in 18 public housing estates.

In 1963 the minimum area per person was increased to 35 sq ft (3.3 sq m).

In 1973 the government announced a ten-year plan for the public provision of housing, to provide everyone in Hong Kong with permanent, self-contained housing with a target of housing for 1.8 million people. Developing started for New Towns, away from urban area. The program was later extended to 15 years.

In 1978 the government launched Home Ownership Scheme, one year later introducing also Private Sector Participation Scheme, designed with private architects, which offers a bigger diversity in designs.

In 1998 the government launched Tenants Purchase Scheme, it was targeted to help increase ownership ratio to 70% by 2006 by selling rental flats to tenants.

Due to worsening economic situation, and complaints from private developers about bad effects of sales of public housing to their projects, construction of new HOS flats ended in 2003, also new launches of TPS were suspended.

Today the minimum area per person is 5.5 sq m (does anyone know since when?), aka all rental units which do not meet this minimum are subject to relocation elsewhere as soon as new rental flats are available.

Housing Authority – floor plans of main block types

Floor plans are in PDF format so you need to have Adobe Reader installed.
Point mouse on photos to see estate name!

Since late 2010, the Hong Kong Housing Authority website provides floor plans for most HOS and TPS estates, but requires a lot of searching through estates list to find floor plan of certain block type. So I decided to make here links to floor plans of most common block types. There is no way to find floor plans of PRH estates. In August 2012 a visitor told me that Housing Authority added floor plans for PRH standard blocks too here, no idea when they were added. The page of my website risk to become useless…

The block types refers more about apartments layout rather than block shape. For example, Concord blocks contains 47 sqm 3-room and 60 sqm 4-room, usually 8 apartments per floor in a + layout, but some blocks are shaped like Y and Z with 6 apartments per floor of same type, still being named Concord. Flat size specified is the Saleable area.

Old Slab block aka Mark I, Mark II, Mark III, Mark IV, etc, all PRH and TPS (1954-1984)
Floor plan Old Slab, variable units per floor, this one 25 sqm, 16 meters width (some blocks have bigger units).
This blogger chan88.blogspot.com have floor plans and photos of Mark blocks. I prefer to link his website than copying his images on my website.

Shek Kip Mei Shek Kip Mei Shek Kip Mei
So Uk Estate Tsz Wan Shan
More photos with old estates on

Single / Twin Tower block, all PRH (1970-1983)
No floorplan (because all are rental and no TPS), flat area 33-40 sqm (internal floor area)

New Slab block, all PRH and TPS (1977-1991)
Floor plan New Slab, variable units per floor, all 32 sqm, 17 meters width.
Floor plan New Slab, another version which have some units small as 12 sqm.
Some Slab blocks are 12 meters width and some 19 meters width. What type are these!?

Twin Tower New Slab Twin Tower

Single / Double H block, all PRH and TPS (1977-1986)
Floor plan Double H, flat area 29-65 sqm.

Single / Double / Triple I block, all PRH (1980-1983)
A kind of zig-zag shape. No floor plan available (because all are rental and no TPS), flat area 33-40 sqm (internal floor area)

Trident block, PRH, TPS and HOS (1979-1992)
Floor plan Trident 1, 36 units per floor, flat area 27 sqm.
Floor plan Trident 2, 24 units per floor, flat area 35-45 sqm.
Floor plan Trident 3, 24 units per floor, flat area 35-49 sqm.
Floor plan Trident 3 variation, 32 units per floor, some small as 14 sqm.
Floor plan Trident 4, 18 units per floor, flat area 34-55 sqm.

Trident 4 Trident 4 Windmill

Linear block, all PRH and TPS (1979-1991)
Floor plan Linear 1, flat area 13.5-53 sqm.

Old Cruciform block, PRH and HOS (1978-1983)
Floor plan Old Cruciform, 8 units per floor, size 32×32 m, flat area 50 sqm.
Floor plan Old Cruciform, 8 units per floor, size ? m, flat area 43-52 sqm.

Flexi block, all HOS (1981-1991)
Floor plan Flexi 1, 8 units per floor, size 30×25 m, flat area 37-52 sqm.
Floor plan Flexi 2, 8 units per floor, size 30×25 m, flat area 40-44 sqm.
Floor plan Flexi 3, 8 units per floor, size 30×25 m, flat area 43-46 sqm.

Flexi 3 Flexi 2

Slab block, one single block, HOS (1984)
Floor plan Slab, different from Old Slab and New Slab. 3-bedroom, flat area probably around 42 sqm.

Windwill block, all HOS (1984-1986)
Floor plan Windwill, 16 units per floor, size 43×40 m, flat area 31-38 sqm.

New Cruciform Block, all HOS except some recent ones (1986-present)
Floor plan New Cruciform, 10 units per floor, size 42×35 m, flat area 3-room 37 sqm, 4-room 51 sqm, 4-room 59 sqm.

New Cruciform New Cruciform New Cruciform New Cruciform

Harmony block, PRH and HOS (1993-present) (rental Harmony block were built since 1970s!)
Floor plan Harmony 1, 4 wings and 16 units per floor, size 53×48 m, flat types: 2-room 40 sqm, 3-room 50 sqm, 4-room 55-60 sqm.
Floor plan Harmony 1 variation, 4 wings and 20 units per floor, size 53×48 m, flat types: studio 19 sqm, 2-room 40 sqm, 3-room 50 sqm, 4-room 55 sqm.
Floor plan Harmony 2, 3 wings and 18 units per floor.
Floor plan Harmony 3, the T-shaped one with 14 units per floor.

Harmony 1 Harmony 1 New Harmony

Concord block, all HOS except some recent ones (2000-present)
Floor plan Concord 1, cross-shaped, 8 units per floor, size: 39×34 m, flat types: 3-room 47 sqm, 4-room 60 sqm.
Floor plan Concord 2, Z-shaped, 6 units per floor, size: 33×22 m. flat types: 3-room 47 sqm.

Concord 1 Concord 2

New Harmony block, all PRH (2003-present)
No floor plan available (because all are rental), 16 units per floor, flat types ?

New Flexi block, all PRH (only 2 blocks built in 2006)
No floor plan available (because all are rental), 12 units per floor, flat types ?

Small Household Blocks, different types, 1975-present)
No floor plan available, these mysterious blocks are found in both PRH and HOS estates and contains small flats probably for elderly, given based by other rules.

Non-standard blocks (any block with no given name)
One example of non-standard block with 12 units per floor, split-level, flat types: 3-4 rooms 38-57 sqm.

Non-standard Non-standard Non-standard

Private Sector Participation Scheme (different types, 1981-2001)
Floor plan of most common type of PSPS blocks (75% of PSPS estates are using this layout with 10 units per floor, just small dimension differences), size 38×29 m, flat types: 3-room 40 sqm, 3-room 45 sqm, 4-room 55 sqm.

Harmony blocks provides the biggest apartments for their number of rooms. Which is the best apartment in Hong Kong?… hmm, probably the 59 sqm one from New Cruciform and the 60 sqm one from Concord.

Tin Fu Court

Housing Society

Hong Kong Housing Society was formed in 1948. The first rental estate, Sheung Li Uk, was built in 1952. Clague Garden Estate built in 1989 was the first Flat-For-Sale estate. Tivoli Garden built in 1995 was the first Sandwich Class Housing Scheme estate (public housing for middle-class priced like private housing).

No floor plan is published on their official website. Centadata contains floor plans of some of the ownership estates.

Jat Min Chuen Tivoli Garden

Private housing in Hong Kong

Private housing in Hong Kong include tenement buildings, stand-alone buildings, private housing estates, villas and village houses.

Looking for private housing floor plans? Look on centadata.com, it shows floorplans of almost all estates, also gohome.com.hk shows floorplans of most estates as well as villas. Note that in Hong Kong the term “condominium” is never used, do not search “hong kong condo floor plan” because you will find nothing relevant.

Tenements are up to 8 floors + ground (maximum allowed height without lifts), typically 10 to 14 meters wide and with 2 apartments per floor, having view in both sides. Most tenements have large cantilevered balconies that extend 2 meters over sidewalk. Apartments were large and since 1960s many of them were subdivided illegally and rented to poor families, on facade there are a lot of objects added that makes them to look dirty, on rooftops are huts and additional dwelling units. Mong Kok district have lowest household income and highest ratio of elderly people, and yes it is dominated by tenements, being considered one of the ugliest neighborhoods in the world.

Ugly Buildings Kowloon Kowloon tenements Kowloon tenements

This user have large collection of photos of tenement buildings.

Private housing built since 1960s have a podium that serve also as commercial space at ground floor, covering entire plot area, and residential towers above it. Low-end blocks had central double-loaded corridor (example: these 8 blocks around Man Cheong Street, Kowloon, but most common is the cruciform typology. Balconies are no longer common in private housing estates as they were in tenements, except to high-end developments, bay windows became common since 1980. Balconies became again common during 2000, but they are usually small as 2 sqm.

My attention was attracted by the area around Yuet Wah Street, there are 33 gated developments, 4407 apartments (counted from Centadata) built in 1962-1970, all them being 12-storey tall plus void deck at ground floor for parking. Looks like that this area was a luxury neighborhood for 1960s standards, well-renovated and still beautiful!

Mei Foo Sun Chuen was the first “Private Housing Estate” and largest private development in the world at its time, currently it is still the largest housing estate in Hong Kong, having 99 blocks with 5 to 8 units per floor (2 blocks are extended to 12 units per floor), total 13149 apartments from 2-bedroom to 4-bedroom, was built in phases from 1969 to 1978.

Tai Koo Shing, 61 blocks, 12693 apartments, built 1978-1987

City One Shatin, 52 blocks, 10642 apartments, built 1981-1988

Whampoa Garden, 88 blocks, 10440 apartments, built 1986-1991, famous for HMS Whampoa ship-shaped shopping center.

South Horizons, 34 blocks, 9812 apartments, built 1991-1995

Kingswood Villas, 58 blocks, 15836 apartments, built 1992-1997, but is usually considered 7 separate estates, as there are roads dividing the development.

LOHAS Park will be the biggest private estate, first phase opened in 2009 and is scheduled to be completed in 2015, having 21500 units.
Built year and number of units sourced from Centadata.

There is some doubt which developments can be called estates, since numerous other developments containing more than one block were built before 1969 and are not considered “estates”.

Typical private flats are slightly smaller than public housing in similar period.

Accurate statistics are impossible to be made, since Hong Kong real estate is very diverse, in the same district same developer built in same decade multiple estates with very different apartment sizes. Transactions listings do not show size of flats built before 1980 (why?), but apparently 1960s flats are larger than 1980s which seems to be the smallest.

1980s typical sizes were 3-room 30-35 sqm (dominant) and 4-room 45-55 sqm.
2000s typical sizes are 3-room 40-45 sqm, 4-room 55-65 sqm (dominant), and some 5-room appeared.
At this moment I cannot estimate the 2000s and 2010s trends, if the flat sizes grow or shrink.

The units facing to sea or other good landscape, are sometimes larger, even if using apparently same apartment layout.

Of course there are numerous luxury apartments, much larger than typical flats, commonly in blocks with 2 to 4 units per floor. These nearly always are 4-room and 5-room, not matters if are 100 sqm or 500 sqm penthouses, the room sizes vary very much.

1960s-1970s private housing estates

Point mouse on photos to see building name and year!
Tak Po House Ngai Hing Mansion
Yuet Wan Street Chung Wui Mansion 8 old blocks

1980s private housing estates

 Beverly Villas Whampoa Garden City One
Hong Kong Parkview Wonderland Villas

2000s private housing estates

Sorrento Bel-Air No 8 Banyan Garden
Manhattan Hill Ocean View Repulse Bay House
Fairmount Terrace & L'Hotel The Masterpiece Grand Waterfront Palazzo Grand Waterfront

Cruciform blocks – smallest & largest

One of most common private block types is the cruciform with 8 units per floor, it have the biggest efficiency, the block size vary, most blocks ranging from 20×20 meters to 32×28 meters. Some may have 6, 10 or 12 apartments per floor.

Garden Rivera vs Woodlands Crest
Garden Rivera Woodland Crest

Garden Rivera (1984) is my favorite example of the thinnest cruciform blocks. Block size 20 by 19 meters, 3012 sq ft in total / 280 sqm. 8 flats per floor, all 3-room, 368-385 sq ft gross area / probably around 242-269 sq ft saleable area (23-25 sqm). It contains some of the SMALLEST 3-room apartments in the world! See Garden Rivera floorplan and interior photos. Interior video.

Later I found numerous other blocks having similar or even smaller size, but some may not contains only 3-room apartments. Examples:

Hang Shun Building (unknown year), block size 20 by 17 meters, flat size 313-323 sq ft gross, all 3-room, see Hang Shun floorplan.

Smithfield Terrace (1986), block size 19 by 18 meters, flat size 252-377 sq ft gross, 2-room and 3-room, see Smithfield Terrace floorplan.

Fortune Court (1985), block size 18 by 17 meters, flat size 282-325 sq ft gross, see Fortune Court floorplan.

Full Wing Building (1984) beat all others, block size only 18 by 16 meters, flat size 263-329 sq ft gross area. No floorplan exists, just interior photos.

Green Leaves Garden (1987), another remarkable thin cruciform blocks with 8 units per floor, 24 by 20 meters, contains the SMALLEST 4-room apartments found so far, 510 sq ft gross area / 435 sq ft saleable area (40.5 sqm). Floorplan and photos.

Largest examples of cruciform blocks:

Parkside Villa (1997), 38 by 36 meters. See Parkside Villa floorplan and photos.

Woodland Crest (1996), 40 by 40 meters. See Woodland Crest floorplan and photos.

Royal Ascot (1995), some blocks are 42 by 42 meters. See Royal Ascot floorplan and photos.

The Belcher’s (2000), largest cruciform block with 8 units per floor, up to 46 by 46 meters. See Floorplans and photos.

Uncommon blocks, crazy buildings and curiosities

The Merton website (now dead) showed a floorplan with all internal dimensions, SEE YOURSELF how small apartments are in Hong Kong, calculate yourself the net floor area (if you are lazy, it is 33 sqm for 3-room). Floor plan for entire block: Tower 1 and Tower 2.

The Harbourside, contains one of the smallest NEW apartments in Hong Kong. 241 sq ft gross area. What is the net floor area? What you can fit in it? Guess yourself… floorplan.

Yuppie Tel (1991), huge stairwell and 2 tiny apartments per floor (145 sq ft saleable), floorplan.

Pik Wah Building (1964), old and tiny apartments, 180 sq ft gross, 130 sq ft saleable, photos (if any unit is currently available for sale).

One Prestige (2018), new tiny apartments, smallest being 163 sq ft net, floorplan.

Hong Kong also contains numerous buildings with one apartment per floor. Do not think that all are luxury apartments. Someone owned a 8-meter wide piece of land and decided to built a skyscraper on it! Since even for a single apartment, you need a staircase with 2 access points, the staircase may be occupying half of block floor area! Examples:

Seng Fai Building (1997), 552 sq ft gross, see SengFai floorplan.

Profit Nice Mansion (1999), 333 sq ft gross / 222 sq ft saleable, no floorplan found.

But Fullic Court (1995) is the absolute craziness of narrow building! 360 sq ft gross, 197 sq ft saleable… you MUST SEE the Fullic Court floorplan!!

Do you know more buildings with one apartment per floor? Share with us! Leave a comment! I want to make a collection of floorplans of narrow tall buildings.

Why are Hong Kong apartments small?

One possible explanation: original Hong Kong was about 100 square kilometers, including the Hong Kong island and the tip of Kowloon Peninsula south of Boundary Street, comprising mostly mountainous terrain, until the 950 square kilometers of New Territories was leased, despite that this lease happened in 1898, people keep concentrating in the original area. Most of New Territories was (and some still are) rural, only the nearby area north of Boundary street was urbanized and became New Kowloon. The “New Towns” built beyond mountains, spaced away from original city, appeared only since 1970s.

Another explanation: traditionally old Hong Kong apartments had just one room for all, living, dining, sleeping, completed by a small kitchen and a small bathroom. Bedrooms appeared later, they are not used for other purpose than sleeping, so they can be small as 4 sqm, saving apartment area for having a large living room. Most older public housing floor plans don’t show other internal walls than the kitchen and bathroom ones. I guess that were sold without internal walls and owners who like to have separate bedrooms, had to built themselves? However all apartments were designed with a pre-designated number of bedrooms.

OK… now they have plenty of flat land in New Territories, why they KEEP building tiny apartments? Is this a fashion? conservative chinese, corrupt government or mafia of private developers?

Cost of construction includes land acquisition, lift, fittings, common areas, etc. these are more expensive than walls and floor slabs. I don’t think that a 25% increase in apartment size would raise cost of construction with more than 5%. I noticed many private estates with long and narrow apartments, big spaces between buildings, they could have designed slightly bigger apartments without any increase in block length or reduce the number of apartments in estate.

According my research, today apartment sizes grown about 20% since 1980s (I need more research to see today trends), but grown not enough, Hong Kong STILL holds the record of smallest average apartment size in the world.

However, I ask for explanations from someone that lived in Hong Kong for many years!

ANSWER (thanks to EL left comments below): each piece of land is sold with a max allowed gross floor area, but the number of apartments is not limited. The government do not release enough land to cope the demand for apartments, then most developers try to fit as many apartments as possible in the gross floor area. This is why most apartments are small, while the several big ones are sold at much bigger price per square feet.
The bay windows, if are at least 50 cm from floor and ceiling, and max 60 cm extrusion from outer wall face, are excluded from gross floor area. So since 1980 most developers provide extruded bay windows to create extra (but unusable) space in apartments, creating the nickname “Hong Kong – City of bay windows“.

Hong Kong property price trends

Hong Kong Residential Price Index

Kowloon Walled City

A political loophole between China and Hong Kong created a 2.6 hectare Chinese enclave in Kowloon where Hong Kong authorities had no rights and Chinese authorities refused to take care. Originally a military fort, it developed in a city for refugees, criminals, illegal businesses, drug dealers, unlicensed doctors and dentists, who could operate there without threat of prosecution.

A government survey in 1987 estimated that 33.000 people reside within Walled City. Based on this, the density was about 1,255,000 people per square kilometer. Other figures reported 50,000 people and a ratio of 4 sqm per person. For comparison, Mong Kok District, densest area of normal Hong Kong, had in the past only 130.000 people per square kilometer.

Kowloon Walled City in 1973 Kowloon Walled City in late 1980s

Kowloon Walled City was originally just a military fort in China. The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory of 1898 handed additional parts of Hong Kong (the New Territories) to Britain for 99 years, but excluded the Walled City, which at the time had a population of roughly 700.

After Japanese occupation during World War II, about 2000 squatters occupied the fort by 1947.

In January 1950, a fire broke out that destroyed over 2,500 huts, home to nearly 3,500 families and 17,000 total people. The disaster highlighted the need for proper fire prevention in the largely wooden-built squatter areas, complicated by the lack of political ties with the colonial and Chinese governments. The ruins gave new arrivals to the Walled City the opportunity to build a new city.

With no government enforcement from the Chinese or the British aside from a few raids by the Hong Kong Police, the Walled City became a haven for crime and drugs. The Walled City was virtually ruled by the organised crime syndicates known as triads.

The City also underwent massive construction during the 1960s, with developers building new modular structures above older ones. The city became extremely densely populated, with over 30,000 people in 300 buildings occupying an area of about 210 by 120 meters. As a result, the city reached its maximum size by the late 1970s and early 1980s; a height restriction of 13 to 14 storeys had been imposed on the city due to the flight path of planes heading towards Kai Tak Airport. Eight municipal pipes provided water to the entire structure, although more could have come from wells. A few of the streets were illuminated by fluorescent lights, as sunlight rarely reached the lower levels due to the outstanding disregard to air rights within the city.

Although the Walled City was for many years a hotbed of criminal activity, most residents were not involved in any crime and lived peacefully within its walls. Numerous small factories and businesses thrived inside the Walled City, and some residents formed groups to organise and improve daily life there. While medical clinics and schools went unregulated, the Hong Kong government did provide some services, such as water supply and mail delivery.

The City’s dozens of alleyways were often only 1-2 m wide, and had poor lighting and drainage. An informal network of staircases and passageways also formed on upper levels, which was so extensive that one could travel north to south through the entire City without ever touching solid ground. Construction in the City went unregulated, and most of the roughly 350 buildings were built with poor foundations and few or no utilities. Because apartments were so small – a typical unit was 23 m² – space was maximized with wider upper floors, caged balconies and rooftop additions. Roofs in the City were full of television antennae, clothes lines, water tanks and rubbish, and could be crossed using a series of ladders.

Over time, both the British and the Chinese governments found the City to be increasingly intolerable despite a reduction in the reported crime rate. The quality of life in the City – sanitary conditions in particular – remained far behind the rest of Hong Kong. The mutual decision by the two governments to tear down the Walled City was announced on 14 January 1987.

The government distributed some HK$2.7 billion (US$350 million) in compensation to the estimated 33,000 residents and businesses in a plan devised by a special committee of the Hong Kong Housing Authority. Some residents were not satisfied with the compensation and were forcibly evicted between November 1991 and July 1992. After four months of planning, demolition of the Walled City began on 23 March 1993 and concluded in April 1994. Construction work on Kowloon Walled City Park started the following month.

Kowloon Walled City infographic
Source of above image: http://www.visualcapitalist.com/kowloon-walled-city/

Further read:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shibam – A city in Yemen comprised by high-rise mudbrick buildings on a 350 x 250 meters shape similar with Kowloon Walled City.
ttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lby9P3ms11w – 40 minutes documentary

Gross floor area, Saleable floor area, and efficiency explained

Hong Kong used until 2012 an unique system where Gross floor area include a sharepart of common spaces, thus two blocks with identical apartment units but with different number of units per floor had different gross floor area stated for each apartment, because in the block with fewer apartments pr floor the common areas were divided to fewer apartments. In other countries Gross floor area meaning is like Hong Kong’s Saleable area.

Net floor area is the internal room space between face of walls.

Saleable floor area include full thickness of external walls, half thickness of walls shared with other units, internal walls thickness, as well as balconies, but exclude bay windows.

Gross floor area also include a sharepart of common areas (lifts, staircases, corridors) so it should not been taken in serious.

Housing Authority shows internal floor area in case of PRH estates, while for TPS, HOS and PSPS estates it shows saleable and gross floor area.

The efficiency (Saleable floor area) is usually 75-85% of Gross floor area, higher value for the blocks with bigger apartments and for low-rise blocks, since the common area of a blocks with a given number of units per floor is approximately same for regardless of apartments size. More details about what is gross floor area and efficiency here insitu.com.hk and eaa.org.hk.

Home owners should be interested in internal floor area, the percentage of internal floor area from saleable area vary much, as newer and taller buildings require thicker walls, take a look how thick are the walls of The Masterpiece. Higher floors may have thinner walls so larger rooms.

BEWARE! Most, if not all private developers, as well as all real estate websites, publish gross floor area as primary value of apartment size, confusing people. We cannot make a law to force developers to quote the saleable floor area and put an END of this annoying confusion?

Starting from 2012 or 2013, websites like Centadata.com and GoHome.com.hk added saleable floor area beside gross floor area in every listing.

Panoramic views

Enjoy breathtaking panoramas over Hong Kong towers!
Selection of photos found via Google Earth on Panoramio in 2011. More photos to be added… when I have time to dig for more photos.

Hong Kong Island

Victoria Harbour
Concord, Harmony and New Cruciform Aberdeen
Hennedy Town Hong Kong crowded


Kowloon Kowloon

Tuen Mun New Town

Butterfly Estate

Tai Po New Town

Tai Po New Town

Tseun Wan New Town

Tseun Wan New Town

Shatin New Town

Shatin New Town Shatin New Town

HDB history and floor plan evolution 1930s – 2010s

4A (101 sqm)This page shows floor plans of 100 most common HDB flat types and most representative layouts. Many other layouts exists, unique layouts with slanted rooms, as well as variations of the standard layouts, these usually have larger sizes.
Looking for certain town or flat type? Use Ctrl+F to search within this page.

Most searched floor plans: 1960s 3STD 3I 4I, 1970s 3NG 4NG 5I, 1980s 3S 3A 4S 4A 5A, 1990s 4A 5I, EA, 2000s 4A 5I EAMaisonetteJumboPinnacleLargest HDB flat
FAQ: age of HDB block? What is lease commence date? How I got floorplans? Looking for .DWG floor plans?

This article is often cited in forums or shared on Facebook
Please cite the link to main page www.teoalida.com WITHOUT /singapore/hdbfloorplans
Show to your friends ALL the articles about HDB provided on site, not just 1 page!

Should send this letter to HDB with suggestion how to make better public housing?
Citizens, add your own suggestions! Leave comments!

1930s, 1940s, 1950s – SIT era

Queenstown: Princess Margaret (SIT 1952-1958) vs Tanglin Halt (HDB 1962-1964), source: myheritage.com.sg
Dawson estate Tanglin Halt estate

Singapore Improvement Trust set up in 1927, public housing developments were small-scale, until Tiong Bahru started in 1936 and Queenstown started in 1952 and completed by HDB in 1960s. In 32 years, SIT built only 23,000 flats, housing 8.8% of Singapore population in 1959.

The SIT housing was similar with British housing, 2-storey terraced houses, 3/4-storey walk-up flats, and since 1950s, 7/9-storey high-rise flats, plus one 14-storey block built in Queenstown in 1956. The blocks built at just 10-15 meters apart, denser than HDB estates. List of SIT estates.

SIT floor plans

Collection of Tiong Bahru Pre-War SIT blocks floorplans (3-room to 5-room):

After-War late 1940s / 1950s SIT blocks with 2-Room / 3-Room Standard flat, from Tiong Bahru and Redhill
SIT Tiong Bahru 2-Room flat (? sqm) Tiong Bahru 3-Room (77 sqm) Redhill Close 3-Room (63 sqm) Tiong Bahru 3-Room (88 sqm)

After war, SIT built mostly 2-Room and 3-Room, but 4-Room flats were built too in Alexandra North, Silat Estate and Tiong Bahru (at least), no floorplan available. To speed up construction, flats were downsized in 1955 and fewer 4-room were built. 1-Room flats were introduced in 1958, as 3-storey blocks with double-loaded corridor. SIT also built tenements (blocks with communal kitchen and toilets, opposite of “self-contained flats”), that can be built quickly for the victims of various fires.

Some floor plans of rental flats are available on HDB InfoWEB under PPHS (whole block floor plans, no dimensions).

Landed public housing

During 1950s (or even earlier), SIT also built terraced houses, two clusters survived: Jalan Bahagia (in Whampoa, 28 blocks, 200 units), Stirling Road (in Queenstown, 13 blocks, 84 units). Most units are 3-Room (originally 78 sqm) but on Stirling Road there are some 4-Room (99 sqm). Over time, the owners built additional rooms in front, rear, and side of corner units, expanding some houses to over 200 sqm according resale transactions.

SIT 3-Room Terrace House floor plan SIT 3-Room Terrace House

1960s – HDB beginnings

HDB was founded in February 1960, shortly after People Action Party won national elections of 1959. HDB continued construction of some SIT estates: Queenstown, Kallang Airport, St. Michael, Kampong Tiong Bahru, and launched new estates like Bukit Ho Swee, Brickworks, Alexandra Hill, Redhill, Henderson (in Bukit Merah); Bendemeer, Boon Keng, Kallang Bahru and Tanjong Rhu (in Kallang), Upper Changi Road aka Chai Chee (now part of Bedok), MacPherson (in Geylang), MacPherson Homes (in Toa Payoh).

On 13 February 1959 a fire started in Kampong Tiong Bahru, leaving 12.000 people homeless (source: NLB). SIT quickly cleared the area and built few 5-storey blocks with 1-Room flats and 9-storey blocks as well as terraced houses. A bigger fire in Bukit Ho Swee on 25 May 1961 left 16,000 people homeless, as coincidence HDB completed in September 1961 the Kampong Tiong Bahru flats started by SIT and moved the fire victims there, after few months of temporary housing in Queenstown. These fires helped HDB to gain popularity.

Construction of Toa Payoh New Town (first project officially called “New Town”), incorporating a town centre and several neighborhoods, started in 1965. Note: Queenstown is actually first new town.

The first blocks completed by HDB are Queenstown blk 45, 46, 49, 7-storey blocks styled like SIT.

Redevelopment of uneconomical SIT estates started in 1967, single-storey artisans quarters built by SIT in 1951-1953 at Henderson and Upper Aljunied were demolished and replaced by high-rise blocks.

In Master Plan 1958 you can see numerous terraced houses (planned by SIT and unbuilt) around Redhill and Whampoa. HDB changed housing typology to massive blocks with smaller flats and eliminated terraced houses.

1960s estates composed only by linear slab blocks (corridor style) in most common height of 10 storeys and usually with 12 units per floor, but several blocks were very long, plus 2-storey shophouses. Minimal distance between facades was not regulated, usually 15-30 metres.

HDB aimed to build 50000 dwelling units in first 5 years, so a simple brutalist architecture was chosen, in contrast with the Art Deco and Modernist themes used by SIT. Kampong clearance has been started.

Selegie House (built 1963), tallest public housing at its time (20 floors)
Rumah Selegie

Old photos from Bukit Ho Swee estate (built 1962-1964)
The 7-storey blocks in left side contains 1-Room Emergency flats.
Bukit Ho Swee Bukit Ho Swee

Old aerial views of Toa Payoh New Town, first phase (built 1965-1973)
Toa Payoh Toa Payoh

1960s typical HDB floor plans

In first 5 years HDB built flats in proportion of 40% 1-room, 30% 2-Room, 30% 3-Room. 4-Room were introduced in 1967 at Henderson Road.

Standard flats (1/2/3/4-room) had WC and shower in same room.

Improved flats (2/3/4-room) were introduced in 1966, having separate WC and shower, and featuring void decks.

Emergency flats (1/2-room on double-loaded corridor) were also built. Today, only 5 blocks of Emergency flats remained: blk 91, 92, 93 Henderson Rd , blk 1 Maude Rd, blk 2 Kitchener Rd (2-room). The typology with double-loaded corridor was used for 1-Room Improved built in late 1960s and 1970s.

Tenements (flats with communal kitchen and toilet, opposite of self-contained flats), were also built, for example Bukit Ho Swee blocks 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, according iremember.sg blog.

The floor areas have broad range, 1-Room (23-33 sqm), 2-Room (35-45 sqm), 3-Room (50-70 sqm), and unlike SIT, HDB built during 1960s just very few 4-Room (70-85 sqm) in Henderson, Outram Park and Toa Payoh. I estimate average size during 1960s around 40-50 sqm.

1960-1970 slab blocks with 2-Room Standard (44-45 sqm), 3-Room Standard (50-55 sqm), 4-Room Standard (70-75 sqm)
Most blocks of this type were upgraded with utility rooms, some with bedroom extension including en-suite toilet.

1967-1978 (estimated years) slab block with 1-Room Improved (33 sqm)
The ONLY remaining 1-room home ownership block is blk 7 Telok Blangah Crescent, two more blocks did existed but got SERS: blk 309 Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1 and blk 33 Taman Ho Swee. All other 1-room blocks are rental. Some of them are 2 meters wider, flats  6096 mm long instead of 5486 mm, toilet is squarish and kitchen is L-shaped around toilet, having 2 windows (example blk 123 Bukit Merah View). No floor plans available, because HDB never provide floorplans for rental flats.
1I (33 sqm)

1967-1978 and 1982-1988 slab block with 2-Room Improved (44 sqm), 3-Room Improved (60 sqm), 3½-Room Improved (69 sqm)
Most blocks of this type were upgraded with 5-6 sqm utility rooms, these utility rooms vary in shape and size so that is why I posted here original floorplans without utility room.
2I (44 sqm) >3I (60 sqm) 3I (60 sqm) 3I (69 sqm)

1970-1978 slab block with 4-Room Improved (82-84 sqm or -88 sqm with kitchen extension), stairs for each two units.
Whampoa 4I (87 sqm) 4I (82 sqm)

JTC floor plans

Jurong Town Corporation established in 1968 and built 5 estates in parallel with HDB:
Taman Jurong, built 1964/1969-1974, most demolished in 1990s and 2000s). Earliest blocks were built by Economic Development Board in cooperation with HDB starting from 1964, then JTC took over in 1969.
Boon Lay Gardens, built 1974-1978, mixed with HDB, most demolished in 1990s and 2000s.
Teban Gardens, built 1977-1978, mixed with HDB, some demolished in 2000s.
Pandan Gardens, built 1978-1979, all survived.
Sembawang, built early 1970s, 7 blocks, demolished in 2004.
The 5-Room flats built by JTC feature 2 entrance doors!

JTC 3-Room JTC 5-Room JTC 5-Room

Anyone have a floor plan of the JTC 4-Room point blocks (zig-zag ones)? Last ones will be demolished in 2013.

1970s – HDB new towns

Concept Plan 1971 featured a ring of New Towns around Central Water Catchment and a provisional plan for two MRT lines to be built by 1992.

In early 1970s four new towns were started: Bedok, Marine Parade, Telok Blangah, Woodlands (Marsiling estate); also for smaller estates like Kallang Basin and St. George (in Kallang); Geylang East, Haig Road, Jalan Eunos and Sims (in Geylang); Dover, Ghim Moh, Holland Village (in Queenstown); Farrer Road (in Bukit Timah), Lorong Lew Lian (in Serangoon), Sin Ming (in Bishan). Construction continued in Toa Payoh (blocks 210-235).

In the second half of 1970s construction commenced for three more New Towns: Ang Mo Kio, Clementi / West Coast, Hougang (only several blocks), and for small estates like Hillview (in Bukit Batok, demolished in 2005), Nee Son (now part of Yishun), Teck Whye Estate (now part of Choa Chu Kang).
HDB also built Rural Centres, mini estates with several hundred flats to house farmers: Changi Village (considered in Pasir Ris), Kranji / Lim Chu Kang (abandoned in 2001), Punggol Road End (in Sengkang area, demolished in 2004), Seletar Road (in Serangoon area, demolished), Seletar West Farmway (in Sengkang area, demolished).

1970s generation estates were dominated by massive slab block in most common heights of 12, 13 or 16 stories and usually with 14 or 18 units per floor, most were over 100 metres long, plus point blocks of 20 and 25 storeys, and 4-storey blocks with shophouses. Minimal distance between facades was 30 metres.

Ang Mo Kio (built 1976-1980) / Marine Parade (built 1975-1977)
Ang Mo Kio Marine Parade

Clementi (built 1976-1980) / Telok Blangah (built 1974-1980)
Clementi Telok Blangah

1970s typical HDB floor plans

In 1976 were completed the first New Generation flats: 3-Room (67 / 82 sqm) and 4-Room (92 sqm), compared with Improved flats, the NG flats feature en-suite toilet for master bedroom, with pedestal type WC, plus store room (source: Straits Times 29 Aug 1973). The HDB Floor Plans 1930-present is copyrighted by www.teoalida.com.

Point blocks with four units per floor and taller than surrounding blocks, were completed in 1972, featuring 4-Room Improved flats (84 sqm).

First 5-Room flats (117-125 sqm) were completed in 1974, in point block form. Starting from 1978, 5-Room flats were offered also in slab block form. All 5-Room flats feature master bedroom with attached toilet with pedestal type WC, the 5-Room Improved introduced in 1979 feature also a store room.

Point blocks were built until mid-1980s, 2 with 3-Room, 26 with 4-Room and 247 with 5-room. After 1980s they still built blocks with 4 units per floor but with height similar with surrounding blocks so I have not included them in above figure.

3/4-Room Standard flats disappeared in early 1970s, Improved flats disappeared too in late 1970s. The average size rose from 60 sqm in early 1970 to 75 sqm in late 1970s estates.

Marine Parade was, and is still the most prestigious HDB estate, also the oldest HDB estate remained intact (no demolitions, no new blocks). Built since 1973, with flats leased from 1975 to 1978, it contains 8079 dwelling units in 56 blocks (personal counting), slab blocks with 2/3/4-Room Improved flats plus 17 tower blocks, each with 96 units of 120 sqm 5-Room Standard flats. Average flat size: 76 sqm, a record for its time (today average size is a little bigger due to upgrading with utility rooms and many 3-room flats adjoined.

1976-1988 slab block with 3-Room New Generation (67 sqm), 3½-Room New Generation (82 sqm), and 4-Room New Generation (92 sqm), big kitchen
1976-1988 slab block with 4-Room New Generation (91 sqm), two units per staircase
3NG (67 sqm) 3NG (82 sqm) 4NG (92 sqm) 4NG (91 sqm)

1976-1980 slab block with 5-Room Standard (117 sqm), also 4-Room New Generation (89 sqm) at lift level
1978-1985 slab block with 5-Room Improved (121 sqm), also 4-Room New Generation (98 sqm) at lift level
5STD (121 sqm) 5I flat (121 sqm)

1966-1970 point zig-zag block with 3-Room Improved (72 sqm or 76 sqm with utility extension)
1972-1974 point block with 4-Room Improved (77-84 sqm)
3I (76 sqm) HDB 4-Room Improved flat (77 sqm) from block 53 Chin Swee Road HDB 4-Room Improved flat (91 sqm) inclusive living room extension

1974-1979 point block with 5-Room Standard (114-123 sqm)
1977-1985 point block with 5-Room Improved (117-121 sqm)
Some Standard flats have long master bedroom like Improved flats. Other flats have balcony at living room. I don’t know the real difference between Standard and Improved.
5STD flat (123 sqm) 5I flat (121 sqm)

See more 1970s floor plans

1980s – More HDB new towns

In the early 1980s seven New Towns were started: Bukit Batok, Hougang, Jurong East, Jurong West, Serangoon, Tampines, Woodlands (integrating Marsiling), Yishun (integrating Nee Son), as well as small estates: Kaki Bukit (in Bedok), Bukit Purmei (in Bukit Merah), Ubi (in Geylang), McNair (in Kallang), Potong Pasir and Upper Aljunied (in Toa Payoh).

In the late 1980 four more New Towns were born: Bishan, Bukit Panjang, Choa Chu Kang (integrating Teck Whye), Nanyang (extension of Jurong West), Pasir Ris, as well as Estates: Simei (near Tampines), Kembangan (in Bedok), Toh Yi (in Bukit Timah).

1980s towns were composed by slab blocks with 10-13 floors, usually 12 floors, usually with 10 or 12 units per floor, plus the 25-storey point blocks. By unknown reasons, after 1985 only few blocks were built with more than 12 storeys. Compared with previous decade, the blocks were arranged in more rigid patterns, with corners bend to give the precinct a sense of enclosure. Most 10/12-storey blocks were perfectly aligned to east-west direction to avoid sun, while on east and west sides they are surrounded by 4-storey walk-up blocks. Minimal distance between facades was 24 metres.

Ground floor units were reintroduced, most 1980s high-rise blocks have few (usually 4) units at ground floor and the rest void deck. Most 4-storey blocks do not have void decks, but ground floor units.

Prefab block vs non-prefab blockIn 1980 first prefabrication contract was awarded, raising the construction ratio to about 190.000 flats built in 1981-1985, the record being 67856 flats in 1984. Prefab blocks were built in 16 months, 20% faster than 20 months for normal blocks (source: Straits Times 1982). Wikipedia’s Tampines page says “Using prefabricated parts, a block of high-rise flats could be built in a month” – do not believe.

These 1980s prefab blocks with load-bearing walls can be identified by being uglier, having simple floorplan, plain external walls (unlike normal blocks which have columns visible on facade and windows pushed back). Prefab flats have lower value than non-prefab blocks, hacking walls is not allowed except a door-size opening, ceiling leaks are common.

A confusing thing: today BTO blocks use prefabricated panels too, but does not look similar with 1980s blocks, construction time is double, 3-4 years, and internal walls can be hacked. Probably they were referring that in 1980s they made blocks entirely prefab, load-bearing prefab walls.

Rising home ownership left rental blocks empty. Most 1-Room Emergency blocks built in 1960s were demolished during 1980s and new blocks with 3-Room to Executive flats were built.

The percentage of population living in public housing hit the all-time record of 87% in 1988-1990, construction ratio had to be reduced to 10000 units per year in 1989-1991 to avoid oversupply, leaving some estates unfinished, for example Yishun 4xx with its 8 blocks in middle of empty field.

Woodlands neighborhood 1xx (built ~1985) Bishan neighborhood 1xx (built 1985-1988)
Woodlands New Town (built ~1985) Bishan New Town neighborhood 1xx (built 1985-1988) viewed from Bishan Loft

Hougang Central (built ~1989) / Bukit Batok MRT line (built 1984-1985)
Hougang New Town (built ~1989) Bukit Batok New Town (built 1984-1985) viewed from The Jade

1980s typical HDB floor plans

Along the 3/4-Room New Generation and 5-Room Improved, in 1982 were introduced Model A flats: 3-Room (75 sqm), 4-Room (105 sqm), 5-Room (135 sqm), 5-Room Maisonette (139 sqm), and in 1984 were introduced Simplified flats, 3-Room (64 sqm), 4-Room (84 sqm).

Executive Apartment / Maisonette (146-150 sqm) were introduced in 1984 and replaced 5-Room Model A flats, in addition of the 3-bedroom and separate living/dining found in 5A flats, EA and EM feature an utility/maid room. 80% of Executive units were Maisonettes and 20% were Apartments.

New types of 4-Room Model A, 5-Room Improved, and Executive were introduced in 1987, the 5-Room and Executive having 3 bedrooms plus study room with sliding doors, instead of the 3 bedrooms in 5-Room plus utility room in Executive (source: Straits Times 1984).

Multi-Generation flats were introduced in 1987, on structure similar with the 3/4-Room Simplified blocks, but flats are paired two by two and reconfigured as a 3-bedroom + Studio (granny flat), having 2 entrances and a communicating door. The granny flat was not used as intended so the concept was abandoned after building 8 blocks (source: Straits Times 1986 + Straits Times 1988).

Last 1/2-Room Improved blocks built were Tampines 441, 442, 466, 471 in mid-1980s. Average HDB flat size for 1980s estates is 90-100 square meters.

New Generation flat types were phased out around 1985, but surprisingly, few blocks with 3-Room Improved were built in late 1980s.

Rising popularity of bigger units left HDB with many unsold 3-Room and 4-Room Simplified flats, the last being built in 1989, HDB started converting these flats into Executive “Jumbo” flats (source: Straits Times 1989). Average size of new HDB flats rose from 100 sqm in 1988 to 120 sqm in 1991.

STRANGE, very few flats have leases 1990 and 1991, despite that construction rate was constant, at least 10000 dwelling units being completed each year. Number of flats with lease 1991 is about 6% of the number of flats with lease 1989 and 1992 according my analysis of HDB Resale Flat Prices database. A possible hypothesis is that HDB decided to set lease start date later than actual completion date (confirmation needed).

1982-1989 slab block with 3-Room Model A (73-75 sqm) and 4-Room Model A (105-108 sqm)
3½-Room Model A (88-90 sqm) exists but is so rare that I never found floorplan.
Website visitors reported that early 4-Room Model A have different floorplan, similar in shape with 4-Room New Generation with toilets near each other, but big as 105 sqm instead of 92 sqm.
3A flat (75 sqm) 4A flat (105 sqm) 4A flat (105 sqm)

1982-1985 slab block with 5-Room Model A (133-135 sqm), 2 units per segment
5A flat (133 sqm) 5A flat (133 sqm)

1984-1989 slab block with 3-Room Simplified (64 sqm), 4-Room Simplified (84 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (120 sqm)
A 4-room Model A lift-level version under 5-Room Improved should also exists.
3S flat (64 sqm) 4S flat (84 sqm) 5I flat (120 sqm)

1987-1988 slab block with 4-Room Simplified (84 sqm) and 4-Room Model A (104 sqm)
4S flat (84 sqm) 4A flat (104 sqm)

1983-1984 slab block with 5-Room Model A Maisonette (137-140 sqm, some -155 sqm) and 4-Room Model A (109 sqm) on corners (no floor plan found)
1984-1988 slab block with Executive Maisonette (144-147 sqm, some -160 sqm) and Executive Apartment (146 sqm) on corners
Many people asked me what is a 5-Room Maisonette or what is the difference compared with Executive Maisonette, the primary difference is the building year, because the two-storey Maisonettes were introduced earlier than Executive naming.
5A-M (139 sqm) EM (147 sqm) EA (146 sqm)

1987-1990 slab block with 4-Room Model A (104 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (121 sqm), some blocks have L-shaped corners, with 4-Room Model A (108 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (122 sqm)
4A flat (104 sqm) 5I flat (121 sqm) 4A flat(108 sqm) 5I flat (122 sqm)

1990-1992 slab block with 4-Room Model A (103-107 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (121-123 sqm), 2 units per staircase.
Except corner units, all units are 4A, units at lift level are similar with 1987-1990 blocks, but units at next level up are 4A too instead of 5I, with a huge balcony, units at remaining levels have a small balcony facing over staircase void and big balcony of below units. Staircase landing is at middle of block, making lift upgrading unfeasible. Many such blocks did not got LUP.
First blocks with lifts stopping at every floor were announced in in Straits Times 1989 and was completed in 1992, featuring staggering corridors to offer privacy to at least 50% of units and direct lift access to at least 80% of units.

4A flat 4A flat 5I flat (121 sqm) 4A flat

1988-1992 slab block with Executive Apartment (142 sqm) and Executive Maisonette (146 sqm)
EA (142 sqm) EM (146 sqm) EM (146 sqm)

1987-1988 slab block with Multi Generation flats (151-171 sqm)
Only 8 blocks: Bishan 137, 148, Tampines 454, 460, Yishun 605, 632, 633, 666

See more 1980s floor plans

1990s – The modern HDB blocks

In the early 1990s extensive construction was done in Choa Chu Kang, Hougang, Pasir Ris, Tampines, plus many small precints in other towns.
In the late 1990s three New Towns were started: Sembawang, Sengkang, Punggol. Construction suddenly stopped for Tampines and Pasir Ris but continued for Bukit Panjang, Choa Chu Kang, Hougang, Jurong East, Jurong West (Pioneer neighborhood), Woodlands.

1990s was a decade of rapid development and innovation, raising the standard of living in public housing of Singapore to a level similar with private housing in other countries:
1993 – all blocks completed in 1993 have lifts stopping on every floor now and centralized refuse chutes, and multi-storey carparks (up to 1994 some blocks have lift machine room at top floor so the flats at top floor do not have direct lift access).
1996 – introduction of yards for kitchens and by-panel main door.
1998 – introduction of household shelters and A/C ledges placed opposite of kitchen window, that double as second support for drying on bamboo poles.
2001 – first blocks competed in Punggol, a town built without corridor-facing flats
2004 – last corridor-facing flats.

1990s HDB blocks are highly decorated and grouped in precints with distinctive styles, ground car parks were replaced by multi storey car parks, this allowed higher density, taller blocks, and a lot of green space between blocks. All blocks are linked with car parks, bus stations and other facilities, with covered walkways, so no more problems if the sun is too hot or is raining. Blocks height vary between 9 and 18 storeys, most are 15 storeys. No more walk-up blocks were built. Unfortunately minimal distance between blocks was reduced to 18.3 metres (60 feet).

Since 1989 structural elements became thicker, 30 cm or more, rather than 20 cm in 1980s blocks, and more pillars per block. I do not know if HDB blocks are designed to withstand earthquakes.

Design & Build scheme was introduced in 1991, calling private architects to inject more variety into public housing designs (source), first project being at Tampines Street 24, featuring curved facades.
Design Plus followed in 1996.
Premium Apartments were introduced somewhere in 1990s, precincts with unique block design, featuring better quality finishes, you get them in ready-to-move condition, with flooring, kitchen cabinets, built-in wardrobes. In Standard Apartments you get raw concrete waiting for your renovation.
Executive Condominium scheme was launched in 1995, subsidized private housing with same eligibility conditions like HDB (source: HDB Press Release 29 August 1995). See List of EC.
Privatization of the former HUDC estates started in 1995 too.
Many land parcels were sold to private developers, making the percentage of population living in public housing to fall.

The old estates built in 1960s and 1970s suffered from dilapidated buildings, aging population and businesses moving out. On resale market Queenstown and Ang Mo Kio were cheaper than Pasir Ris, one of the cheapest towns today (source: Resale flat prices database). To prevent this, HDB launched various upgrading programmes since 1990, which do improvements both inside flats and outside, adding extra bathrooms for Standard flats, utility rooms, installing new lifts that stop on every floor, redesigning facades for more modern look, building multi-storey car parks and converting surface car parks into green space, etc.

Although small-scale redevelopment of old estates started in 1966, with demolition of single-storey artisans quarters, a massive demolition of 1-room rental blocks occurred in 1988-1989 and continued into 1990s and this allowed new blocks with 5-rm and Executive units to be built in mature estates like Bukit Merah, Queenstown and Toa Payoh.

Remaining rental blocks were converted, units adjoined, creating units up to 192 sqm (3-rm + 4-rm) unofficially called Jumbo Flat and sold with fresh leases from 1992 to 1996. Since 1994 flat owners were allowed to buy an adjacent flat and adjoin them, but only for 3-rm or smaller flats, officially called Adjoined Flat. The HDB Floor Plans 1930-present is copyrighted by www.teoalida.com.

Selective En-bloc Redevelopment Scheme was announced in 1995 to demolish some of the owner-occupied blocks built up to 1980 and rehouse the residents in new blocks built in nearby location, to maintain community. Usually low-rise blocks with large spaces between them are selected for SERS while dense and tall blocks are selected for upgrading. HDB do not give you a replacement flat automatically, they compensate you at market value, then you need to buy yourself a subsidized flat in replacement blocks which can be smaller or larger, and pay the difference with CPF. Since 2004 the residents can enjoy SERS benefits in anywhere instead of being limited to the designated replacement blocks. In 2011 Redhill Close (built 1955) was the first upgraded blocks to be selected for SERS (MUP 1992). See List of SERS sites.

HDB stopped deciding the prices of new apartments based on construction costs, instead they decided based on market prices. Prices of resale flats and new flats entered in a vicious circle, rising 50% in just 6 months of 1993 and tripled to 1996, then felt down 30% to 1998 and continued to fall in non-mature estates by 2006, while in mature towns they started rising in 2002, fueled by upgrading programmes and SERS hunters.

Bukit Panjang (built ~1990) / Jurong East – Toh Guan Road precinct (built 1998)
Bukit Panjang (built ~1990) Jurong East - Toh Guan Road precint (built 1998)

Bishan neighborhood 2xx (built 1992) / Pasir Ris blocks 6xx (built 1995)
Bishan neighborhood 2xx (built 1992) Pasir Ris blocks 6xx (built 1995) 

Sembawang – Blue Riverview (built 2001) / Sengkang – Compassvale South Gate (built 2001)
Sembawang - Blue Riverview (2001) Sengkang - Compassvale South Gate (built 2001)

1990s standard HDB floor plans (centralized refuse chute era)

1990s HDB flats provide high variety of layouts in various sizes: 4-Room Model A (100-108 sqm), 5-Room Improved (120-128 sqm), 5-Room Model A (133-137 sqm), Executive Apartment / Maisonette (142-150 sqm). Share of 5-Room and Executive flats increased, raising average size of new flats to over 120 square meters in 1991-1996 (even 130 sqm in 1994-1995 due to Jumbo converted blocks).

An experiment with 2-Room flats was done in 1994 (Pasir Ris block 142, having 2-room units on ground floor and 4-room on rest of floors

1993-1995 block with 4-Room Model A (107 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (125 sqm), 4/5-room corner units also exists!
4A (107 sqm) 5I (126 sqm)

1996-1998 slab block with 4-Room Model A (100 sqm) and 5-Room Improved (120-123 sqm), some blocks have some smaller units named 4-Room Model A2 (90 sqm), some have different corners with 4-Room and 5-Room units, others have a wing with 2 units of 5-Room
4A2 (90 sqm) 4A (100 sqm)  5I (121 sqm)
4A (101 sqm) 5I (122 sqm) 5I (123 sqm)

1993-1998 point block with Executive Apartment (144-147 sqm), some blocks are L-shaped with 4 units per floor (3 or 4 different layouts), or U-shaped with 5 units per floor, some are longer like slab blocks and include corridor units, some blocks are combined with Executive Maisonette
1996-1998 blocks provide service balcony for kitchen

EA (147 sqm) EA (146 sqm)
EA (146 sqm) Executive Apartment floor plan (146 sqm)

1993-1998 point block with Executive Apartment (146 sqm), 4 units per floor, two 146 sqm layout and other two different kitchen shape
1993-1998 atrium block with Executive Apartment (143-146 sqm), 6 units per floor, four 146 sqm layout and two 143 sqm layout
Executive Apartment floor plan (143 sqm) Executive Apartment floor plan (146 sqm)

UNIQUE, HDB Penthouse Maisonettes
They are located in topmost floor of some 1990s precincts in Bishan (52 units, up to 199 sqm), Choa Chu Kang (12 units, 182 / 215 sqm), Queenstown-Strathmore (4 units, 192 sqm), (source), also unknown number of units in Hougang (176 sqm) and Pasir Ris (189 sqm).
Bishan EM (163 sqm) Bishan EM (172 sqm)

The only HDB flat type designated as 5-bedrooms, from Tampines blk 498! (other HDB flats may have 4 bedrooms + family which can be turned in 5 bedrooms too)
Tampines blk 498 EM

Jumbo and Adjoined HDB Flats

Jumbo Flats: blocks taken back by HDB, flats joined into bigger flats and resold with fresh leases (1992-1996), they appear in HDB Resale Transactions as 4-Room Model A, 5-Room Improved / Model A, Executive Apartment and you cannot tell which of them are the jumbos. These jumbo converted flats size vary from 90 sqm (2-Room + 2-Room) to 189 and 192 sqm (3-Room + 4-Room Model A), up to 7 rooms (5 bedrooms) and 3 toilets (source: Straits Times 1989). Unlike the 1980s Multi-Generation flats, Jumbos DO NOT have 2 entrances or 2 kitchens.

Most Jumbo flats are in Woodlands and Yishun, few are in Tampines, Jurong East, and Ang Mo Kio (only smallest type from 2-room blocks).

Adjoined Flat: flats joined by owners, they appear in HDB Resale Transactions as 4-Room / 5-Room / Executive Adjoined Flat, unlike Jumbo flats, the adjoined flats CANNOT be 3-rm + 4-rm, can have 2 entrances but most owners walled one entrance.

Two examples of (Jumbo) Executive Apartment created from one 3-rm with one 4-rm, and one example of converting three 3-Room Simplified flats into two 4-rm flats.

images lost being deleted from the websites originally sourced from

Two examples of 5-Room Adjoined Flat composed by two 3-Room Improved or by two 3-Room New Generation (NOT a Jumbo flat)
Adjoined flat Adjoined flat

Late 1990s floor plans (household shelter era) – First downsize of HDB flats

Another revolution is visible for the HDB flats completed since 1998: Block naming system (slab, point, atrium) has been abandoned. Flat naming system (Improved, Model A, etc) is no longer used in sale brochures but is still shown in resale transactions, where all 4-rm are Model A and all 5-rm are Improved. In sale brochures, the word Flat was replaced by Apartment, a new naming system was introduced: Type A = 4-rm, Type B = 5-rm, Type C = Executive.

The flat sizes were standardized, slightly smaller: 4-Room (100 sqm), 5-Room (120 sqm), Executive (140 sqm). Supply of Maisonettes was reduced since 1990s because of aging population who do not like stairs (source: Straits Times 1989) and the last maisonette was completed in 2000.

The 5-Room lost the study area, being just a 3-bedroom flat with larger living room. Executives are 3 bedrooms plus open study area that can be walled into a 4th bedroom. Average flat size 110 sqm.

household shelter was provided in every flat, a store room with strengthened 30 cm walls and sealing door. Useless feature in my opinion, the shelter eats about 5 sqm, sometimes placed in middle of flat, hacking it is not allowed making floor plan is less flexible (some exceptions in 2000s: all 1/2-rm rental blocks and some 2/3-rm sold blocks have a storey shelter instead of household shelter).

1998-2000 block with 4-Room Model A (100 sqm), 5-Room Improved (120 sqm) and Executive Apartment (140 sqm), some blocks have 4-Room Model A2 (90 sqm)
4A (100 sqm) 5I (120 sqm) 5I (120 sqm) EA (140 sqm)

1998-2000 block with Executive Apartment (140 sqm) and Executive Maisonette (142 sqm).
Executive Maisonette with bomb shelter RARE, only 10 blocks!! (no floorplan found for EA pair)
EM (142 sqm)

Second downsize of HDB flats

All HDB flats completed since 2000 lost 10 sqm. 4-Room (90 sqm), 5-Room (110 sqm), Executive (130 sqm).

In attempt to minimize number of corridor-facing flats, the shape of blocks became complex, with many corners containing 5-Room units, their number exceeded the number 4-Room units built in 2002 and 2003, so the average flat size remained high as 105 sqm in 2000-2005.

2000-2004 block with 4-Room Model A (90 sqm), 5-Room Improved (110 sqm) and Executive Apartment (130 sqm in 2000-2002, 125 sqm in 2003-2004)
4A (90 sqm) 5I (110 sqm) EA (125 sqm)

See more 1990s floor plans

2000s – The decline

During 2000s, no other New Town or Estate were started. Construction continue only in existing estates. Taller and taller blocks were built in all estates not too close to airports to have height constraints. 30-storey complexes appeared since late 1990s, and the first 40-storey complex (Toa Payoh Towers) was completed in early 2005 (source).

The demand for new flats felt sharply after 1997 Asian Crisis. 2003 SARS outbreak and low immigration rate in early 2000s also slowed down the demand for flats. This happened right after the most prosperous decade, with 24000-36000 flats completed each year between 1994 and 2001. The queue, once 5 years long, vanished and left about 40000 unsold completed flats in the year 2000, most of them being 5-Room and Executive.

The Registration for Flat (queue selling system) was suspended in 2002.

Walk In Selection has been introduced in March 2002 to help clearing the stock of unsold flats. It ended in February 2007 and was replaced by Quarter-Yearly Sale of 2/3-Room flats and Half-Yearly Sale of 4-Room and bigger flats, which in 2010 were combined in Sale of Balance Flats, containing leftover flats from past BTO and SERS projects, plus old flats repurchased by HDB. Some flats are completed and available without waiting time, SOBF draws much interest, the battle being about 10 people per each flat.

Build-To-Order was introduced in April 2001 and became main supply of flats. Flats are offered for sale before being built. Tender for construction is called only if at least 70% of units have been booked (50% since 2011), otherwise the project is canceled and may be re-launched when will be more demand, with a different name and sometimes different design. The first projects enjoyed low interest, 5 of them being cancelled, but after Walk in Selection ended, most BTO projects were oversubscribed, from 2008 HDB launch 2 BTO projects every month. See list of BTO launches.

BTO system prevent HDB to built surplus of units, but it created a lag in housing supply, causing resale flat prices to double between 2007 and 2012. BTO system give you the advantage of choosing exact location of your home and estimated completion date (3-4-5 years, depending by project size), but the disadvantage is that some people need to apply multiple times until getting a good queue number.

Design, Build and Sell Scheme are public housing built and sold by private developers, it feature condo-style facades, but without guards, pool, or other condo facilities, it is still public housing. First DBSS project was launched in 2006 and completed in 2009. DBSS land sales were suspended in July 2011 after the Sim Lian Group, developer of Centrale 8 (8th DBSS) set outrageous prices up to $880.000 for 5-Room. 13 land parcels were sold for DBSS, totaling about 9000 apartments. See list of DBSS projects.

The demand for HDB flats has increased, and HDB ramped up BTO supply too late, from 9000 flats in 2009 to 25000 flats in 2011. Since Walk-in Selection ended in 2007, many citizens who are eligible for new flats but do not accept the 3-4 year waiting time of BTO system, or fail at balloting, go to resale market, THIS caused the resale flat prices to double from 2007 to 2012 and the prices of new flats grew according to resale prices.

Punggol 21 was announced in 1996 and got first residents in 2001, a modern waterfront town featuring a mix of high-end HDB and Executive Condos, it is the first HDB town where each precint is individually designed and feature integrated carparks with green roofs, and no corridor-facing units. But due to 1997 Asian Crisis, it turned into a ghost town with many unsold flats and no amenities. As 31 March 2004 it had 3768 4-Room, 10031 5-Room, 1126 Executive units, then construction was very slow until 2010. The Punggol LRT Line, despite being completed in 2004, east loop opened in 2005 while the west loop opened only in 2014.

Pungool 21+ was announced in 2007 to rejuvenate the town, involving building a waterway through undeveloped part of town, amenities and low-end BTO projects with 2/3/4-room units. Imagine that if the crisis would never hit, Punggol was developed with big flats but without waterway!

Bukit Batok West Avenue 5 (2005) / The River Vista @ Kallang (2010)
Bukit Batok West Avenue 5 (built 2005) The River Vista @ Kallang (2010)

Punggol – Edgedale Green and Periwinkle (2007)
Punggol - Edgedale Green (built 2008) Punggol - Periwinkle (built 2007)

2000s random HDB floor plans

Along 4-Room (90 sqm) and 5-Room (110 sqm), HDB reintroduced 3-Room (60 sqm, later 65 sqm) and 2-Room (35/45 sqm). First block with 3-Room was Yishun 849 (weird block completed 1999), followed by Cantonment Towers (SERS project completed 2002) and Clementi 366-367 (weird block completed 2003). Officially 3-Room was introduced in mainstream flat types in Fernvale Grove BTO launched in 2004 (completed 2008).

Studio Apartments (35/45 sqm) were introduced in 1998 (completed 2001) for people aged over 55, they are sold with 30-year leases and cannot be sold in resale market. Originally were built in all-studio blocks, but since 2006 were introduced in BTO projects mixed with normal 3-, 4-, 5-room units.

HDB made a surprise decision in 1995 to close the registration queue for Executive flats, shortly after introduction of Executive Condominiums. Last EA was completed in 2004, last EM in 2000, for people in the queue. A common misconception is that Executive Apartment were replaced by Executive Condos. NO, Executive Condo flats are privately-built in variety of sizes from 50 to 300 sqm.

Due to many unsold flats, very few 5-Room were completed in 2007-2009. Economy recovered in late 2000s, HDB raised production of 5-Room flats but do not reintroduce Executive Apartments, motivating that these flats were purchased by rich families who can afford too much space for no reason, also the average household size dropped thus larger flats are no longer necessary.

The average size of new flats dropped from 105 sqm in 2000-2005 to 90 sqm in 2007 and around 80 sqm later.

HDB resumed building rental blocks in 2007, corridor-style with 1- and 2-room apartments, in 2007, for people who are unable to own a flat.

Each 2000s project is unique designed, but most flats feature similar circular pattern: living – common bedrooms – master bedroom – bathrooms – kitchen, but with a lot of variations in room sizes and windows, there are variations even from one floor to another floor of same block, so I cannot post on my website all possible floor plans. 2000s flats offer full privacy (except rental blocks). Flats with rooms facing to corridor were built in small numbers until 2004 lease year. First BTO project was completed in 2005 and got lease from 2006, so all BTOs offer full privacy. Compared with 1990s flats, the layouts were improved, bedrooms were downsized in favor of larger living room, the study area returned in 5-room flats, and common toilet entrance is no longer in kitchen.

Looking for floor plan of certain flat? Do a Google search with street or precinct name (rather than block number). Look on www.renotalk.com or other forums, where people post their floor plans asking for renovation ideas, or buy from HDB for $5Do not ask me for floor plan because is unlikely to have and give you the correct floor plan, I do not have more than what can yourself steal from forums.

Typical floor from 2000s: Studio (35 / 45 sqm), 3-Room (65 sqm), 4-room (90 sqm), from Eunos Court and Kallang Heights SERS projects. BTO projects use similar layouts
SA (35 sqm) SA (45 sqm) 3-Room (65 sqm) 4-Room (90 sqm)

2003-2004 Punggol floor plans: 5-Room (114 sqm) and Executive (128 sqm), oversized living room
5-Room (110 sqm) EA (128 sqm)

Pinnacle @ Duxton, the first 50-storey public housing complex, was completed in December 2009, as HDB anniversary 50 years of history in February 2010. It is the biggest BTO project, having 1848 units (7 blocks × 44 residential floors × 6 units per floor), 2 levels of skybridges, 2 flat types (S1 4-Room 90-93 sqm and S2 5-room 103-106 sqm), different combinations of bay windows, balconies and planters create 35 distinct flat layouts.

Nice find! http://www.msaudcolumbia.org/summer/?p=3032 – full complex floor plan and elevations.

Pinnacle@Duxton 4-Room Pinnacle @ Duxton Pinnacle@Duxton 5-Room

See more 2000s floor plans

2010s – Today trends

Three new housing areas were announced in HDB Press Release in 2013: Bidadari Estate (within Toa Payoh planning area), Tampines North and Punggol Matilda. Additional construction is done in Bukit Batok (west end), Choa Chu Kang (south end), Yishun (east side) and Sembawang (south area towards Yishun). The planning work for Bidadari started in 2012 and got first BTO launches in 2015.

Some unreferenced info on Wikipedia state that after the current New Towns will be saturated, HDB will start Tengah, Simpang, Bukit Brown, Bidadari and Seletar… this info may have been extracted from Concept Plan 2011 but the Concept Plan itself seems that was not yet published as 2013.

Tengah, the 24th New Town, was officially announced in 2016. We expect 3 years of planning and 4 years of BTO construction time, so it may get first residents in 2023.

BUT in my opinion is not possible to start a new town using the current BTO system, flats sold before being built. Who does apply for a BTO flat located in middle of nowhere, the solution is to start building NOW and sell them through SOBF when some amenities are at least planned. Proof: the very low 0.4 application ratio for May 2013 BTOs in ulu corner of Sembawang.

2010s flats

SkyVille & SkyTerrace @ Dawson, two iconic BTO projects were launched in December 2009. SkyTerrace feature lofts and paired units (similar with dual-key units in condos), this design caused some waste of floor space of the already too small and too expensive apartments. They are most expensive HDB flats ever offered for sale, due to prime location near Queenstown MRT, and were still oversubscribed (9865 applications for all 1718 units, up to 12 applicants for each 5-rm unit, but in case of 3-rm units were slightly less applicants than units). Flats are even smaller than in Pinnacle@Duxton, to 83 sqm for 4-rm and 101 sqm for 5-rm.

Other BTO projects of 2010s decade remained at the standard sizes 45 / 65 / 90 / 110 sqm (excluding balcony and A/C ledge). Due to high demand for 5-room, the average flat size rose from 80 sqm for BTO flats launched in 2009 to 85 sqm for BTO flats launched in 2012, then felt to 75 sqm in 2014 due to increased supply of 2-room flats once singles over 35 were allowed to purchase new HDB 2-room flats.

Meantime, private developers continue to downsize their flats, affecting DBSS and EC projects too, for example Trivelis use 60 / 80-82 / 105 sqm. Of the 105 sqm 5-room, only 88 sqm is internal, be shocked at floor plan! If they specify balcony size 12 sqm, living room should be 3×5 m, common bedrooms 3×2.5 m, study 2x2m.

For first time in 15 years, HDB launched a bigger flat type in July 2013 BTO: 3gen flats having 4 bedrooms and 3 bathrooms in 115 sqm (following a trend started by Executive Condominiums offering 5-bedroom flats). Room sizes can be compared with the 4-room flats, having slightly larger living room, an extra 15 sqm bedroom and 5 sqm bath.

Since Executive flats are no longer built because they were often purchases by small but rich families, the 3gen flats with eligibility restricted to a married couple plus another family relative, are welcome in my opinion.

New Generation of Public Housing, the SkyVille and SkyTerrace @ Dawson Punggol Waterway Terraces

Skyville @ Dawson, smallest 4-Room BTO flat (83 sqm) / new 3gen flat introduced in 2013
SkyVille @ Dawson 4-room 3gen flat

More USEFUL info

What is HDB ceiling height

HDB floor-to-floor standard is 2.80 meters, ceiling height is 2.60 m except top floor in some 1990s blocks which is 2.90 m, I need confirmation if in other decades the top floor have taller ceiling than 2.60 m standard.

How to find the age of a HDB block

Use Resale Flat Prices, by this way you also see which flat types available in the block, and their areas. Does not work for rental blocks.

Note: you cannot find the age of block, you will find the Lease commence date, which is more important than block building year. Lease year correspond with building year + 1, with few exceptions.

See also Status of HDB upgrading programmes, showing number of units in any block, too bad that they do not display the building year too, as upgrading programmes are usually done by the year of being built.

The only case when HDB publish the real year when a block was built, is when the blocks are selected for SERS.

News: I compiled all the above information into a database and you can view it on HDB Map.

How urban planning in Singapore was done

Since 1960 to 1990s all HDB towns were planned using a standard density of 200 dwelling units per hectare. Flat sizes were growing over the years, leading to a stupid situation: the blocks with big flats were closest apart, they were inhabited by richer people who were expecting more privacy and more space to park their cars… while the 1-room rental flats had largest spaces and empty carparks.

Since 1990s (not sure exact year), urban planning control is done using plot ratio (gross floor area divided by land area). To create a vibrant city, low-, medium and high-density areas were created.

The ratios were revised and raised in Master Plan 1998, today most public housing are in 2.8 – 4.2 range, low-density condos are low as 1.4 and office buildings in Central Business District reach a plot ratio of 12.

How many New Towns built HDB in Singapore

Usually is said that 27, but this is the number of Planning Areas-based “Towns”, do not confuse with “New Towns” .

Based on construction stages:
Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT) and Housing and Development Board (HDB) built 20 New Towns (10000-70000 units) and about 70 small estates (under 10000 units).
Economic Development Board (EDB) built in 1964-1968 and Jurong Town Corporation (JTC) built in 1968 and late 1970s a small number of blocks for low-income people, in Jurong and Sembawang industrial areas.
Housing and Urban Development Company (HUDC) built between 1974 and 1987 21 estates totalling about 9500 units, of which 18 estates sandwich housing for middle-income people who did not qualify for HDB flats but could not afford a private property, plus other 3 estates for Ministry of Finance and Singapore Armed Forces. List of HUDC estates.

HDB took over JTC and HUDC in 1982, becoming sole provider of public housing in Singapore. HDB built few more HUDC estates up to 1986.
The HDB Annual Report up to 1989 display a list of about 100 estates.

URA defined 55 Planning Areas in 1991, HDB New Towns and Estates were reorganized into 20 “Towns” and 11 “Other Estates” in AR 1990, few years later the other estates were regrouped into 6, of which Sembawang and Sengkang were turned into “towns”  in AR 1996, Punggol was added in AR 1999, Lim Chu Kang was demolished, reaching today figure of 23 towns and 3 estates .There is no relation between Planning Areas / Towns and historical development HDB New Towns / Estates.

The current 26 HDB Towns and Estates match the URA planning areas with 2 exceptions:
– Kallang-Whampoa is one HDB town stretching on 3 planning areas (Kallang, Whampoa, Novena)
– Pasir Ris town also include Changi Village (from Changi planning area)

More notes:
– Central Area, Geylang, Kallang-Whampoa and Bukit Merah towns contains several HDB estates built inside of the main city, which cannot be considered “New Towns”.
– Lim Chu Kang estate is no longer in use since 2001, but it kept appearing on HDB Resale Flat Prices e-service until 2009, making total of 27 towns.
– Tengah was added in HDB Resale Flat Prices e-service in 2016, despite that will take more than 10 years for flats to be built, fulfill MOP and be available on resale market.


About me

I wrote this article from my own personal research since 2009, because others (including Wikipedia) are incomplete, not detailed, create confusion and may contain errors. Please do not copy any part of page TEXT without my approval. Photographs are from Panoramio, Wikipedia, etc and are linked to their original source. Feel free to use the HDB floor plans, for using photographs you may want to ask permission to their original authors. List of page updates.

How I got floor plans?

During the initial research in 2009, I took floor plans from October 2009 Sale of Balance Flats, copying images from PDF brochures (one PDF per town, few hundred floor plans to choose from). I choose 52 images, the ones with yellow-cream background, about 400-600 pixels tall, 29 pixels per meter. Additional floor plans were collected from random forums and blogs, reaching 100 images in 2012, some PNG, some JPG, different image resolution and scan quality, the page looked like a shit!

Floor plans were displayed on site resized with HTML code “height=200px” so anyone accessing the page, had to download 20 MB of full-size images, growing website traffic caused excessive server load.

In 2014, to reduce bandwidth usage and improve website design, I re-made the floor plans taking them from March 2012 Sale of Balance Flats (1000+ floor plans to choose from, each on separate PDF file, took me about 20 hours to download all PDFs). I took screenshot of PDF file at 100% zoom, cropped image in Paint then added the info bar at bottom. Full-size images about 600-1000 pixels tall (44 pixels per meter), and thumbnail images at 1/4 size. Page size: 8 MB.

See comparison: OLD vs NEW floor plans.

The floor plan collection is far away from being “complete”

This page was intended as educational material, showing HDB history and evolution of typical floor plans, but the audience is mostly resale flat buyers than students, they believe that this is / they want this to be a complete collection HDB floor plans, no matter how many floor plans I post, they want more!

Lots of variations exists. Example: 3-Room New Generation flat (67 sqm), the units that are not next to staircase do not have that thick wall, units that are not next to corridor-end unit do not display a second door on corridor, all these 4 can be mirrored, total 8 possible floor plans. I can post over 1000 floor plan variations, and no one will know how many other variations exists. This would overload website and will create trouble for people trying to find a basic floor plan.

Occasionally I get emails from “contributors” sending me their own floor plan (in most cases, too similar with one posted already, or too rare to worth posting), other people complain that the website is cluttered. This is why I decided in late 2012 to STOP adding more content unless there is something special.

The 100 floor plans displayed in this article represent 90% of all HDB flat types built before BTO era.

Statistics: most downloaded HDB floor plans 2012 (July-August 2012), most downloaded HDB floor plans 2014 (April-July 2014).
I may delete least clicked images to improve usefulness of website.

I have in my computer over 1000 floor plans saved from HDB website at every Sale of Balance Flats, or collected from various forums. Due to the massive effort needed to collect them and high valuable, I am selling my floor plan collection for some money.

Do note that this is complete floor plan collection of the flats sold at SBF, not complete collection of all possible HDB floor plans.

Trouble finding floor plan of a certain block? Have a floor plan but do not know where it is located?

Provide me block number or floor plan image. I am happy to help up to 5 people per day for FREE.
I have in my computer over 1000 floor plans saved from HDB website at SBF launches or collected from various forums.

If you ask about a flat built before 2000s, there are 90% chances to have a similar floor plan, but in case of BTO flats and 1990s premium projects the chances are less than 20%. Do not ask me floor plans of blocks under construction, floor plans with dimensions are provided at key collection, not earlier. I can give you PDF brochures, without dimensions.

I have high experience in HDB architecture so I can identify flat types in 99% of HDB blocks just by looking in satellite photos, eventually street view, takes 5 min to provide you possible floor plan (if I have), you get a rough idea of flat layout before purchasing, but I offer NO guarantee that will be 100% matching / correct for your flat.

If you already purchased a flat and want a floor plan for renovation, you are advised to buy floor plan from HDB for $5 to get the CORRECT floor plan.

Do not make stupid request like “Gimme the 4-room floorplan AMK model”, every town have many different floor plans, and most floor plans are NOT town-specific.
Some people suggested sorting floor plan collection by town / address. This is not possible due to above reason.

Other articles about history of public housing in Singapore


Visit Hometrust to read Singapore interior designer reviews.

If you are student or love architecture, I invite you to check the apartments designed by myself, some of them being inspired from HDB and improved or alternatives to HDB layouts.

HDB price trends

HDB resale flat prices DOUBLED from 2007 to 2013, dropped slightly to 2015 then stabilized. However, due to high supply of flats completed in 2014 that enter on resale market in 2019, prices are likely to drop more in the coming years.

However, prices are rising in some towns while dropping in other towns. I compiled an Excel file showing HDB price trends since 2007, and based on it I created the below charts. The gaps in lines in Excel chart are because HDB do not provide median price if less than 20 flats were transacted per quarter.

HDB resale flat prices 1990-2015

As you can see in the chart, Singapore HDB flat prices DOUBLED in 2008-2013 due to insufficient supply of new flats.

Would you like prices dropping next 5 years to the early 2000s value? Think about owners who worked hard to pay current flats which will lose half of value! Would you like prices growing so you and everyone else can make profit selling? Think about your kids, how hard they will need to work to buy their first home!

HDB resale flat prices by flat type HDB resale flat prices per sqm by flat type
HDB resale flat prices per square meter by lease year HDB resale flat prices per square meter by storey

During 1990s, the location was not so important. Bishan and Bukit Timah had most expensive resale flats, but a thing less known by the young generation, is that Choa Chu Kang and Pasir Ris were among the most expensive estates. Mature towns like Queenstown, Toa Payoh and Ang Mo Kio were cheaper.

Larger flats types had higher price per sqm than small flats, in 1990-1992 average resale price of Executive flats being double than average resale price of 4-room flats, at an area 40% larger.

HDB stopped deciding the prices of new apartments based on construction costs, instead they decided based on market prices. Prices of resale flats and new flats entered in a vicious circle, rising 50% in just 6 months of 1993 and tripled to 1996. The price gap between small and large flat types has decreased.

The 1997 Asian Crisis came when 80.000 flats were under construction, demand for new flats felt sharply. leaving HDB with about 40,000 unsold completed flats in the year 2000, mostly large flat types. 2003 SARS outbreak affected economy too, so 5 years were necessary to clear the stock of unsold flats. Queue selling system (Registration for Flat) was suspended in 2002, Build-To-Order was introduced to prevent oversupply, and Walk-In-Selection was used temporarily to clear the stock of unsold flats.

Old (mature) estates were not attractive, so HDB launched various upgrading programmes and Selective En-bloc Redevelopment Scheme to make them attractive again. Resale flat prices started rising in old estates (where most 3-room are located) in 2002, while in the new estates they continued to fall until 2006, Executive flats having biggest fall. Price per sqm between small and large flat types equalized in 2005.

As the stock of unsold flats vanished, Walk-In Selection ended in 2007 and was replaced by Sale of Balance Flats that is only twice per year thus the battle is 6 people per each flat. BTO became main mode of flat supply. People who cannot wait 3-4 years construction time for BTO and fail at SBF, need to go in resale market. Resale prices started rising.

Prices grew faster in pre-1980 estates due to upgrading programmes fever of SERS, bringing Marine Parade, Queenstown, and Toa Payoh in line with Bishan and Bukit Timah. Pasir Ris had lowest price growth.

Singapore economy recovered in late 2000s but HDB failed to anticipate, it ramped up the BTO supply too late and too slow, they offered 5500 BTO flats in 2007, 7800 in 2008, 9000 in 2009 (global recession), 12000? 16000 in 2010, 22000 25000 in 2011, 25000 27000 in 2012, plus DBSS flats and Executive Condos. (strikethrough numbers are initial numbers announced at beginning of year).

Rising supply of BTO became visible in 2012, a small reduction in resale prices growing rate.
HDB lowered minimum application rate for BTO to be built from 70% to 50% in 2011, but since mid-2000s to 2013 no BTO had application rate under 100% (except elderly Studio BTO flats).

Analysts predicted that the prices in Singapore will start dropping in 2012 (example), as they predicted in 2011, 2010 too. In my forecast, resale flat prices will NOT fall even in 2012, but will continue to grow for as many years as HDB refuse to build ahead of demand, forcing us to wait 4 years via BTO!

The cooling measures introduced since 2011 such as Minimum Occupation Period lengthen to 5 years for resale flats (does anyone know when 5-year MOP was introduced for new flats?) just made people angry. Stupid MOP cause less flats to enter resale market in the coming years, and the number of people not eligible for buying directly from HDB (for example PR and singles) is growing.

Most of BTOs launched in the 3 years 2009, 2010, 2011 been completed in only 2 years 2013-2014… 25000 flats completed in 2014 alone + 5 years MOP = possible market crash in 2019. I am not saying that prices will not start to fall earlier, but 2019 may have the biggest price fall (if other variables would not exist).

Note: The above text was written by my personal research at end of 2011. Later I found a similar research on h88.com.sg: Colin Tan: HDB resale flat prices will stay up, dating from Feb 2012, that confirm my hypothesis  They say that prices will drop no sooner than 2017! Oh dear…

Prices dropping since 2013

One of the cooling measures, 3 year waiting period for permanent residents to buy resale flats, introduced in August 2013, created fear that the housing market may crash. Resale flat prices dropped in 3rd quarter 2013, for the first time in 5 years. Such minor drop in prices may cause panic, many owners rush to sell their flats before prices fall more, leading to a chain reaction in price drop, OR if the panic may be just temporarily and prices will rise back next year. However, there are no signs to recover. Every quarter of 2014 added 1-2% drop in prices. No significant drop but still enough to make analysts ANGRY that HDB cooling measures were too powerful and requested to be lifted.

Note that HDB can also invent anti-cooling measures in case prices drop with more than 10% in one year, and these anti-cooling measures can fail like how most of the cooling measures failed. HDB wants to stabilize prices, a too sudden drop can be disastrous for entire Singapore economy.

Stupidity: instead of providing an adequate supply of flats, they kept supply low during 2000s despite of population increase, low number of flats entered in resale market while the demand was rising, then during 2010s HDB artificially slowed down demand for resale flats with cooling measures, and when prices started to drop, instead of keeping supply high and lift the cooling measures, they announced to decrease supply of new BTO flats 24300 units in 2014 to 16900 units in 2015. Idiot decision! BTO launches do not affect resale prices directly so we expect to see prices dropping and further decrease of BTO supply in 2016, thus the 2008-2013 price bubble risk to happen again during 2020s!

Personalty I hope that HDB will let the price index to drop slowly to 150 (2009 level), THEN lift the cooling measures, but keep the supply of at least 25000 BTO flats per year.

New BTO flat prices won’t fall according resale price index, they were traditionally priced 20% cheaper than resale flat prices, but since 2011 they were “de-linked” and became 30-40% cheaper (even if we exclude grants for first timers) as the HDB anticipated price fall. Even if the prices fall 10% for 3 consecutive years, BTO flat owners will still have profit from selling their flats. This does not apply for DBSS flats which were overpriced at their launch in 2011-2012. Raised income ceiling from $10k to $12k in 2015 may allow HDB to push up BTO prices.

See also:
HDB new flat prices database (1984-2017)
BTO prices database (2001-2017)
Resale flat prices database (1990-2017)

https://kendata12345.wordpress.com/category/4-hdb-bto-flats-price-and-cost-analysis/ – Another website did a detailed analysis of cost of building a BTO flat compared with selling price. He copied my Excel file of BTO prices without my approval.


If you could decide HDB flat prices to fall or rise, what you would do?

10-20% price rise per year to ensure that every flat owner can make profit when will sell the flat. Forget our children and other young couples
max 5% price rise per year
Maintain prices as constant is possible
max 5% prices fall per year
10-20% price fall per year to quickly make the flats affordable for our children. Forget the current owners which will lose money, but public housing is not meant for investment and profit
Please Specify:

Poll Maker

Poll started February 2016. See also results of previous poll (379 votes between April 2014 and February 2015).

What you should know

– Upgrading programmes and upcoming MRT lines also drive up the nationwide resale price index.
– The small size of today flats may encourage people to go in resale market for flats built before 1998 (NOT SURE if this push up the resale prices, record of psf is now hold by resale flats built in 2000s).
– Prices fall faster in young towns than mature towns, Punggol suffered biggest price fall in late 2013, as results of over-speculation during last years, this after it was the cheapest town in mid-2000s.
– In mature towns prices fall faster in the old 10-storey blocks of Queenstown and Toa Payoh that are getting shadowed by the new 40-storey blocks.

Affordability of HDB flats

Yes they are still affordable!
Proof: every launch, the higher priced BTOs (better locations) gets most applicants.
HDB Website shows application rate. See how 3-room remained unsold and how big is the battle for 5-room despite of higher prices. See the TRUTH about shrinking HDB flat sizes!

HDB floor plans > AutoCAD .DWG

I can provide DWG file, 2D or 3D model of your HDB flat for only $40!

HDB 5-Room flat Fernvale Foliage 3D ModelAnd not just HDB floor plans. I can also design condo floor plans, house plans, etc. Contact me for anything that can be drafted in AutoCAD!

I am writing this page in 2013 after being hired by a Malaysian architect to draw 5 HDB whole block floor plan in AutoCAD, for analysis of space efficiency. Later, a Singaporean asked me to draw his own HDB flat and suggest furniture layout. Another one asked if I have certain HDB flat in DWG format, I replied “I can draw it now in AutoCAD” but he said “Thanks anyway” and quit.

Beside this, watching website traffic I see many searches like “hdb 3-room new generation dwg file“, and most people do not click About Me page to see that I am also AutoCAD designer and I could offer DWG files. So I made this page to show… some of the HDB flats designed so far.

HDB floor plans AutoCAD DWG file


You can give me floor plan of your flat, you can choose a floor plan from the page with 100 typical HDB Floor Plans (but beware of possible differences between your flat and the typical floor plans posted here), or give me your block number and I may have or not the exact floor plan in my collection of PDF floor plans collected from Sale of Balance Flats.

There is not mandatory to provide a floor plan with dimensions. I can also use a block plan from BTO brochures, put it in AutoCAD, draw a polyline over 4-room flat and scale it until it reach the floor area of 90 sqm. There will be a small error margin, but it will be no problem if you use DWG file for presentation only and not for calculation of interior design.

You can choose the detail level (2D or 3D, add furniture, dimensions, or leave only walls) and how to give you (DWG, DXF, PDF, etc).

Price formula: $20 + $20 for each flat floor plan or + $40 for each block floor plan. This formula is intended to provide discount for people who need more than one floor plan. With other words, $40 for first flat and $20 for additional ones, $60 for first block and $40 for additional ones.

Drafting 2D over HDB floor plan takes about 1 hour if I am not busy with another project. 3D-ing a 2D plan takes 10 minutes.

I treat each customer individually and give you a personalized DWG file. There is a chance that you want DWG of same flat type as a previous customer, this save some time, but the drawing may have only walls in 2D and 3D because this is what the previous customer wanted, while you want 2D only but with dimensions and furniture, so I cannot sell “as it is”, instead I will remake drawing “as you want”.

Pay here

Pay for service

List of BTO projects

HDB BTOFloor plans can be seen in HDB brochures (2010-2016). Anyone having access to MyHDB page please give us links to 2017 BTO brochures.

Advice: if you applied for a BTO and a good queue number, don’t apply via SBF hoping to get a better flat in better location and available sooner, the battle for each flat in SBF in mature towns is huge and you risk to remain homeless! Well, you can apply via SBF in Sembawang where application rate hardly reach 1:1.

Looking for future BTO launches?

Town name BTO name Launch
date (note)
Number of flats
Studio 2-rm 3-rm 4-rm 5-rm 3gen Total
2001-2005 22 BTO projects – 12483 flats
Average flat size: 91.67 sqm
Sembawang Flowing Greenery Apr-2001 Cancelled 210 200 410
Sembawang River Edge Apr-2001 Apr-2005 222 225 447
Sengkang Arcadia Apr-2001 Apr-2005 640 321 961
Sengkang Rivervale Green Apr-2001 Apr-2005 576 200 776
Punggol Edgedale Green Dec-2002 Dec-2006 582 582
Punggol Periwinkle Dec-2002 Dec-2006 450 450
Sengkang Coris 1 Dec-2002 Dec-2006 434 434
Punggol Sundial Sep-2003 Sep-2007 425 425
Punggol Sundial
(half relaunched as Nautilus)
Sep-2003 Cancelled 478 478
Sembawang Spring Lodge
(relaunched as River Lodge)
Sep-2003 Cancelled 432 432
Sengkang Coris 2 Sep-2003 Sep-2007 448 448
Sengkang Aspella 1 Dec-2003 Dec-2007 429 429
Sengkang Aspella 2 Dec-2003 Dec-2007 433 433
Sengkang Atrina 1 Mar-2004 Mar-2008 424 424
Sengkang Atrina 2 Mar-2004 Mar-2008 366 366
Central Pinnacle@Duxton May-2004 May-2010 1232 616 1848
Sengkang Fernvale Grove Aug-2004 Aug-2008 156 352 508
Punggol Anthias
(relaunched as Damai Grove)
Dec-2004 Cancelled 134 600 734
Sengkang Coral Green
(relaunched as Coral Spring)
Dec-2004 Cancelled 655 655
Sengkang Tivela Mar-2005 Mar-2009 374 374
Punggol Coralinus 1 Jun-2005 Jun-2009 369 369
Sengkang Fernvale Court Sep-2005 Sep-2009 128 372 500
2006 6 BTO projects – 2357 flats
Average flat size: 82.66 sqm
Punggol Coralinus 2 Feb-2006 Feb-2010 365 365
Sengkang Fernvale Vista 1 Jul-2006 Jul-2010 86 92 330 508
Bishan Golden Jasmine Sep-2006 Sep-2010 176 176
Sembawang Sembawang Green Sep-2006 Sep-2010 471 471
Geylang Sri Geylang Serai Oct-2006 Oct-2010 447 447
Sengkang Compassvale View Nov-2006 Nov-2010 105 285 390
2007 10 BTO projects – 5916 flats
Average flat size: 82.65 sqm
Punggol Treelodge Mar-2007 Mar-2011 98 600 14 712
Sengkang Fernvale Vista 2 May-2007 May-2011 164 174 340 678
Punggol Punggol Vista Aug-2007 Aug-2011 105 210 313 628
Sengkang Coral Spring Sep-2007 Sep-2011 698 698
Bukit Merah Telok Blangah Towers Oct-2007 Oct-2011 90 100 210 400
Punggol Punggol Lodge Oct-2007 Oct-2011 52 464 516
Bukit Panjang Segar Meadows Nov-2007 Nov-2011 90 322 412
Sengkang Compassvale Beacon Nov-2007 Nov-2011 60 150 540 750
Punggol Damai Grove Dec-2007 Dec-2011 62 676 738
Yishun Jade Spring 1 Dec-2007 Dec-2011 48 336 384
2008 12 BTO projects – 7789 flats
Average flat size: 87.75 sqm
Punggol Punggol Spring Feb-2008 Feb-2012 494 494
Yishun Jade Spring 2 Mar-2008 Mar-2012 36 72 464 572
Punggol Punggol Sapphire May-2008 May-2012 760 305 1065
Sengkang Compassvale Pearl May-2008 May-2010 336 84 420
Punggol Punggol Breeze Jun-2008 Jun-2012 778 186 964
Sengkang Fernvale Residence Jun-2008 Jun-2011 55 444 124 623
Woodlands Straits Vista Jun-2008 Jun-2012 50 332 382
Bukit Panjang Senja Green 26-Aug-2008 Aug-2012 96 94 284 474
Punggol Punggol Arcadia 13-Nov-2008 Nov-2011 120 465 165 750
Choa Chu Kang Sunshine Court Dec-2008 Dec-2012 164 117 171 452
Punggol Punggol Regalia Dec-2008 Dec-2011 546 183 729
Yishun Dew Spring 18-Dec-2008 Dec-2012 144 216 504 864
2009 13 BTO projects – 9112 flats
Average flat size: 80.15 sqm
Woodlands Champions Court 25-Feb-2009 Feb-2013 224 182 224 185 815
Punggol The Nautilus @ Punggol 26-Mar-2009 Mar-2013 413 106 519
Sengkang Fernvale Crest 02-Jun-2009 Jun-2013 142 372 188 702
Punggol Punggol Residences 30-Jul-2009 Jul-2013 615 154 769
Punggol Punggol Spectra 31-Aug-2009 Aug-2013 301 285 556 1142
Jurong West Boon Lay Meadow 16-Oct-2009 Oct-2013 240 300 165 705
Sengkang Fernvale Palms 16-Oct-2009 Oct-2013 96 347 52 495
Punggol Punggol Ripples 16-Nov-2009 Nov-2013 130 157 403 690
Punggol Punggol Sails 16-Nov-2009 Nov-2013 278 218 109 605
Bukit Panjang Segar Grove 15-Dec-2009 Dec-2013 115 217 196 528
Queenstown Skyterrace@Dawson 15-Dec-2009 Dec-2014 105 110 459 84 758
Queenstown Skyville@Dawson 15-Dec-2009 Dec-2014 160 682 118 960
Sembawang Montreal Dale 15-Dec-2009 Dec-2013 116 156 152 424
2010 22 BTO projects – 16405 flats
Average flat size: 80.89 sqm
Hougang Buangkok Vale 05-Jan-2010 1Q 2014 128 118 453 699
Choa Chu Kang Limbang Green 05-Jan-2010 3Q 2013 276 128 188 592
Punggol Punggol Crest 11-Feb-2010 4Q 2013 240 240 270 750
Woodlands Treegrove 11-Feb-2010 4Q 2014 192 220 372 784
Sengkang Fernvale Ridge 16-Mar-2010 2Q 2014 180 216 126 522
Sembawang River Lodge 16-Mar-2010 2Q 2014 126 86 220 432
Punggol Punggol Emerald 20-Apr-2010 2Q 2014 188 96 350 222 856
Punggol Punggol Waves 20-Apr-2010 1Q 2014 105 259 209 573
Jurong West Boon Lay Grove 06-May-2010 4Q 2013 300 150 450
Yishun Floral Spring 06-May-2010 1Q 2014 96 264 240 600
Punggol Waterway Terraces 30-Jun-2010 1Q 2015 178 588 306 1072
Sengkang Fernvale Foliage 30-Jun-2010 2Q 2014 336 168 504
Sengkang Rivervale Arc 30-Jun-2010 1Q 2014 238 221 661 1120
Jurong West Corporation Tiara 29-Jul-2010 2Q 2014 190 171 104 465
Bukit Panjang Senja Gateway 29-Jul-2010 3Q 2014 254 313 174 741
Yishun Yishun Rivervalk 31-Aug-2010 4Q 2014 254 250 652 252 1408
Woodlands Woodlands Dew 21-Sep-2010 2Q 2014 330 145 314 789
Woodlands Woodlands Meadow 21-Sep-2010 2Q 2014 75 255 210 540
Sengkang Anchorvale Horizon 26-Oct-2010 1Q 2014 240 357 148 745
Bukit Panjang Senja Park View 26-Oct-2010 4Q 2014 112 112 353 577
Yishun Yishun Greenwalk 18-Nov-2010 3Q 2014 112 602 462 1176
Punggol Punggol Topaz 22-Dec-2010 2Q 2015 184 542 284 1010
2011 39 BTO projects – 25294 flats
Average flat size: 83.40 sqm
Bukit Batok Golden Daisy 25-Jan-2011 1Q 2014 180 180
Yishun Orchid Spring @ Yishun 25-Jan-2011 4Q 2014 192 252 504 948
Yishun Vista Spring @ Yishun 25-Jan-2011 3Q 2014 96 324 276 696
Sengkang Fernvale Flora 28-Feb-2011 2Q 2014 93 107 321 521
Sengkang Fernvale Gardens 28-Feb-2011 2Q 2014 210 172 382
Bukit Panjang Segar Vale 28-Feb-2011 2Q 2014 112 112 269 197 690
Jurong West Boon Lay Fields 24-Mar-2011 1Q 2014 93 246 152 491
Sengkang Compassvale Ancilla 24-Mar-2011 3Q 2014 224 142 420 252 1038
Punggol Waterway Terraces II 25-Apr-2011 2Q 2015 118 440 246 804
Sengkang Anchorvale Cove 25-Apr-2011 4Q 2014 218 463 330 1011
Hougang Hougang Parkview 25-Apr-2011 2Q 2014 98 528 166 792
Sembawang Montreal Ville 25-Apr-2011 1Q 2014 105 107 366 578
Pasir Ris Costa Ris 27-May-2011 3Q 2014 257 224 688 217 1386
Pasir Ris Golden Lily 27-May-2011 4Q 2013 185 185
Punggol Punggol Parcvista 27-May-2011 2Q 2014 172 338 172 682
Tampines Tampines GreenLeaf 27-May-2011 3Q 2014 96 160 384 320 960
Tampines Tampines GreenWood 27-May-2011 2Q 2014 144 158 220 522
Woodlands Woodlands Peak 27-May-2011 3Q 2015 127 95 222
Yishun Yishun Natura 14-Jul-2011 4Q 2014 112 140 112 364
Bukit Panjang Segar Meadows 14-Jul-2011 3Q 2014 60 240 300
Bukit Panjang Segar Palmview 14-Jul-2011 4Q 2014 119 350 213 682
Sengkang Anchorvale Isles 14-Jul-2011 2Q 2014 405 270 675
Sengkang Fernvale Riverbow 14-Jul-2011 4Q 2014 168 539 447 1154
Tampines Golden Carnation 14-Jul-2011 1Q 2014 149 149
Jurong West Golden Orchid 14-Jul-2011 2Q 2014 232 232
Punggol Waterway Woodcress 22-Sep-2011 1Q 2015 100 350 244 694
Punggol Waterway Brooks 22-Sep-2011 3Q 2015 156 691 465 1312
Sengkang Anchorvale Harvest 22-Sep-2011 3Q 2014 88 404 225 717
Sengkang Fernvale Rivergrove 22-Sep-2011 3Q 2015 100 484 892 252 1728
Ang Mo Kio Yio Chu Kang Vista 22-Sep-2011 4Q 2014 158 98 256
Jurong East Teban View 22-Sep-2011 4Q 2015 185 333 518
Jurong West Golden Peony 22-Sep-2011 3Q 2014 190 190
Punggol Waterway Ridges 24-Nov-2011 2Q 2015 224 362 246 832
Punggol Waterway Banks 24-Nov-2011 2Q 2014 410 606 1016
Hougang Capeview 24-Nov-2011 1Q 2015 108 429 244 781
Hougang Dew Court 24-Nov-2011 1Q 2015 198 181 379
Yishun Acacia Breeze 24-Nov-2011 1Q 2015 108 418 308 834
Bukit Panjang Fajar Spring 24-Nov-2011 4Q 2014 156 108 264
Bedok Golden Cassia 24-Nov-2011 4Q 2014 129 129
2012 40 BTO projects – 27084 flats
Average flat size: 85.12 sqm
Choa Chu Kang Sunshine Gardens 12-Jan-2012 2Q 2015 104 118 788 518 1528
Sengkang Fernvale Lea 12-Jan-2012 3Q 2015 100 100 600 350 1150
Punggol Waterway Sunbeam 12-Jan-2012 2Q 2015 185 260 216 661
Tampines Tampines GreenTerrace 12-Jan-2012 3Q 2014 99 196 295
Tampines Tampines Alcoves 12-Jan-2012 3Q 2014 186 103 289
Bukit Batok Skyline I @ Bukit Batok 28-Mar-2012 2Q 2016 78 216 194 488
Bukit Batok Skyline II @ Bukit Batok 28-Mar-2012 1Q 2017 136 301 307 744
Bukit Panjang Fajar Hills 28-Mar-2012 4Q 2015 146 392 324 862
Clementi Clementi Ridges 28-Mar-2012 3Q 2016 156 312 216 684
Geylang MacPherson Residency 28-Mar-2012 4Q 2015 211 426 637
Bedok Ping Yi Greens 28-Mar-2012 4Q 2015 98 84 236 418
Bukit Timah Golden Kismis 28-Mar-2012 3Q 2015 132 132
Toa Payoh Golden Clover 28-Mar-2012 3Q 2015 188 188
Sengkang Compassvale Boardwalk 30-May-2012 4Q 2015 252 222 474
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Pride 30-May-2012 2Q 2016 80 656 407 1143
Punggol Punggol Edge 30-May-2012 2Q 2016 128 400 160 688
Punggol Waterway SunDew 30-May-2012 2Q 2016 152 423 262 837
Kallang/Whampoa Bendemeer Light 30-May-2012 4Q 2016 212 412 624
Kallang/Whampoa McNair Towers 30-May-2012 4Q 2016 270 115 476 861
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Axis 31-Jul-2012 1Q 2016 98 140 520 372 1130
Punggol Punggol Opal 31-Jul-2012 4Q 2015 128 144 254 526
Punggol Waterway Cascadia 31-Jul-2012 3Q 2016 242 500 267 1009
Clementi Clementi Gateway 31-Jul-2012 3Q 2016 134 144 278
Bukit Merah Depot Heights 31-Jul-2012 3Q 2016 114 128 176 418
Bukit Merah Telok Blangah Ridgeview 31-Jul-2012 1Q 2016 96 396 492
Geylang Greentops @ Sims Place 31-Jul-2012 4Q 2015 196 142 338
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Quad 27-Sep-2012 1Q 2016 334 190 524
Woodlands TreeTrail @ Woodlands 27-Sep-2012 2Q 2016 418 234 652
Woodlands Golden Saffron 27-Sep-2012 2Q 2015 128 128
Ang Mo Kio Cheng San Court 27-Sep-2012 1Q 2018 171 178 363 712
Ang Mo Kio Teck Ghee Parkview 27-Sep-2012 1Q 2017 130 256 190 576
Tampines Tampines Greenlace 27-Sep-2012 1Q 2016 215 165 380
Kallang/Whampoa Tenteram Peak 27-Sep-2012 4Q 2016 319 436 755
Choa Chu Kang Keat Kong Mirage 21-Nov-2012 3Q 2016 114 559 486 1159
Sengkang Compassvale Mast 21-Nov-2012 2Q 2016 104 465 359 928
Sengkang Rivervale Delta 21-Nov-2012 2Q 2016 102 425 357 884
Bedok Fengshan GreenVille 21-Nov-2012 4Q 2017 /
4Q 2018
198 182 570 108 1058
Queenstown Ghim Moh Edge 21-Nov-2012 2Q 2017 222 296 661 1179
Toa Payoh Joo Seng Green 21-Nov-2012 1Q 2016 102 146 248
Toa Payoh Toa Payoh Crest 21-Nov-2012 3Q 2017 232 311 464 1007
2013 34 BTO projects – 25215 flats
Average flat size: 84.95 sqm
Hougang Hougang ParkEdge 29-Jan-2013 2Q 2016 136 204 238 578
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Colours 29-Jan-2013 4Q 2016 136 484 348 968
Yishun Oleander Breeze @ Yishun 29-Jan-2013 3Q 2016 160 348 180 688
Ang Mo Kio Kebun Baru Court 29-Jan-2013 2Q 2017 180 103 283
Tampines Tampines GreenForest 29-Jan-2013 2Q 2016 160 264 424
Kallang/Whampoa Whampoa Dew 29-Jan-2013 2Q 2017 156 249 405
Sengkang Compassvale Cape 21-Mar-2013 4Q 2016 168 196 588 440 1392
Sengkang Compassvale Helm 21-Mar-2013 4Q 2016 138 253 207 598
Punggol Matilda Portico 21-Mar-2013 2Q 2016 251 219 470
Bukit Batok SkyPeak @ Bukit Batok 21-Mar-2013 4Q 2017 100 110 790 430 1430
Sembawang EastBank @ Canberra 30-May-2013 4Q 2016 193 179 372
Sembawang EastBrook @ Canberra 30-May-2013 2Q 2017 140 263 627 1030
Sembawang EastWave @ Canberra 30-May-2013 2Q 2017 379 335 714
Hougang Golden Mint 30-May-2013 4Q 2016 292 292
Hougang Hougang Crimson 30-May-2013 4Q 2016 104 210 314
Choa Chu Kang Keat Hong Crest 30-May-2013 1Q 2017 146 328 208 682
Jurong West Spring Haven @ Jurong 30-May-2013 1Q 2017 90 150 238 478
Woodlands Woodlands Pasture I & II 30-May-2013 2Q 2017 156 509 353 1018
Yishun Angsana Breeze @ Yishun 30-Jul-2013 1Q 2017 186 520 252 958
Yishun Vine Grove @ Yishun 30-Jul-2013 4Q 2016 180 192 324 696
Sengkang Fernvale Riverwalk 30-Jul-2013 2Q 2017 121 205 401 727
Bukit Merah Telok Blangah ParcView 30-Jul-2013 4Q 2017 172 386 922 1480
Punggol Matilda Edge 26-Sep-2013 4Q 2017 192 538 600 1330
Punggol The Verandah @ Matilda 26-Sep-2013 1Q 2017 258 223 481
Punggol Waterway View 26-Sep-2013 3Q 2017 190 526 341 1057
Yishun Khatib Court 26-Sep-2013 2Q 2017 143 167 310
Yishun Palm Breeze @ Yishun 26-Sep-2013 4Q 2016 96 274 176 546
Yishun Saraca Breeze @ Yishun 26-Sep-2013 1Q 2017 84 96 168 84 84 516
Woodlands Admiralty Grove 26-Nov-2013 3Q 2017 252 240 333 168 993
Jurong West Boon Lay View 26-Nov-2013 2Q 2017 140 306 252 112 810
Jurong West Yung Kuang Court 26-Nov-2013 3Q 2017 302 226 528
Sembawang EastLawn @ Canberra 26-Nov-2013 2Q 2017 163 174 337
Hougang Hougang Meadow 26-Nov-2013 1Q 2017 150 188 394 732
Bukit Batok West Ridges @ Bukit Batok 26-Nov-2013 1Q 2018 202 235 591 550 1578
2014 32 BTO projects – 22581 flats
Average flat size: 76.56 sqm
Bukit Batok Bukit Gombak Vista 22-Jan-2014 4Q 2017 156 130 286
Jurong West Golden Lavender 22-Jan-2014 3Q 2017 149 149
Punggol Punggol Bayview 22-Jan-2014 1Q 2018 /
4Q 2018
202 462 380 52 1096
Punggol Punggol Vue
(+ 215 1-rm, 215 2-rm rental)
22-Jan-2014 4Q 2017 304 266 570
Woodlands Woodlands Glen 22-Jan-2014 2Q 2017 300 180 408 888
Serangoon Golden Ginger 22-Jan-2014 3Q 2017 150 150
Sembawang EastCrown @ Canberra 26-Mar-2014 3Q 2017 312 264 370 274 1220
Sembawang EastLace @ Canberra 26-Mar-2014 2Q 2017 140 140 200 480
Sengkang Anchorvale Parkview 26-Mar-2014 1Q 2017 268 165 70 503
Yishun Fern Grove @ Yishun 26-Mar-2014 4Q 2017 288 251 443 312 1294
Bukit Batok West Crest @ Bukit Batok 22-May-2014 4Q 2017 100 206 189 495
Bukit Batok West Valley @ Bukit Batok 22-May-2014 1Q 2018 290 216 418 924
Woodlands Admiralty Flora 22-May-2014 2Q 2017 221 181 402
Woodlands Marsiling Greenview
(+ 174 1-rm, 268 2-rm rental)
22-May-2014 3Q 2018 289 194 389 382 50 1304
Punggol Matilda Court 19-Jul-2014 4Q 2017 320 112 380 350 1162
Punggol Waterway Sunray 19-Jul-2014 4Q 2017 104 96 194 188 582
Sembawang Sun Natura
(+ 180 1-rm, 150 2-rm rental)
19-Jul-2014 2Q 2018 330 121 397 848
Toa Payoh Toa Payoh Apex 19-Jul-2014 4Q 2018 138 419 557
Woodlands Kampung Admiralty 19-Jul-2014 3Q 2017 104 104
Yishun Park Grove @ Yishun 19-Jul-2014 3Q 2017 120 204 216 48 588
Bukit Batok West Terra & Bukit Batok 24-Sep-2014 1Q 2018 462 261 616 454 1793
Hougang Buangkok Edgeview 24-Sep-2014 4Q 2017 232 179 56 467
Hougang Buangkok Square 24-Sep-2014 2Q 2018 317 116 292 725
Jurong West Yung Ho Spring I 24-Sep-2014 2Q 2018 240 135 266 641
Jurong West Yung Ho Spring II 24-Sep-2014 2Q 2018 171 95 266
Kallang/Whampoa St. George’s Towers 24-Sep-2014 1Q 2019 151 124 463 738
Sembawang Sun Breeze
( +174 1-rm, 138 2-rm rental)
25-Nov-2014 1Q 2018 278 116 306 700
Sengkang Anchorvale Fields 25-Nov-2014 2Q 2018 224 63 224 511
Yishun Blossom Spring @ Yishun
( +221 1-rm, 208 2-rm rental)
25-Nov-2014 3Q 2018 260 130 260 650
Yishun Meadow Spring @ Yishun 25-Nov-2014 4Q 2018 182 77 210 469
Tampines Tampines GreenEdge 25-Nov-2014 4Q 2017 154 198 99 451
Tampines Tampines GreenRidges
(+ 254 1-rm, 193 2-rm rental)
25-Nov-2014 1Q 2019 454 740 246 56 1496
2015 21 BTO projects – 15100 flats
Average flat size: 75.34 sqm
Bukit Batok West Edge @ Bukit Batok
(+ 168 1-rm, 168 2-rm rental)
11-Feb-2015 1Q 2019 628 108 646 212 1594
Bukit Batok West Rock @ Bukit Batok 11-Feb-2015 3Q 2018 218 172 58 448
Hougang Buangkok Parkvista 11-Feb-2015 4Q 2018 198 95 192 485
Hougang Buangkok Tropica 11-Feb-2015 3Q 2018 285 90 343 718
Geylang MacPherson Spring 11-Feb-2015 2Q 2019 168 204  378 750
Clementi Clementi Crest 27-May-2015 2Q 2020 229 156 385
Punggol Northshore Residences I 27-May-2015 2Q 2020 208 64 227 89 588
Punggol Northshore Residences II 27-May-2015 2Q 2020 338 48 292 136 814
Sembawang EastLink I @ Canberra 27-May-2015 3Q 2019 229 139 232 600
Sembawang EastLink II @ Canberra 27-May-2015 2Q 2019 174 116 151 441
Tampines Tampines GreenWeave 27-May-2015 3Q 2019 224 80 465 391 56 1216
Bidadari Alkaff CourtView 17-Nov-2015 2Q 2020 192 369 697 1258
Bidadari Alkaff LakeView 17-Nov-2015 4Q 2019 198 333 531
Bidadari Alkaff Vista 17-Nov-2015 3Q 2019 199 151 350
Bukit Batok West Quarry @ Bukit Batok 17-Nov-2015 2Q 2019 337 79 220 636
Choa Chu Kang Teck Whye Vista 17-Nov-2015 2Q 2020 126 126
Hougang Hougang RiverCourt 17-Nov-2015 3Q 2020 155 83 47 285
Punggol Waterfront I @ Northshore 17-Nov-2015 4Q 2020 150 116 370 106 49 791
Punggol Waterfront II @ Northshore 17-Nov-2015 4Q 2020 212 115 387 141 48 903
Punggol Northshore StraitsView 17-Nov-2015 3Q 2020 469 98 264 190 1021
Sengkang Fernvale Woods 17-Nov-2015 3Q 2019 607 135 226 192 1160
2016 23 BTO projects – 17891 flats
Average flat size: 76.44 sqm
Bidadari Alkaff Oasis 24-Feb-2016 4Q 2020 218 340 800 165 71 1594
Bukit Batok West Plains @ Bukit Batok 24-Feb-2016 2Q 2020 674 187 410 384 1655
Sengkang Anchorvale Plains 24-Feb-2016 1Q 2020 448 96 260 117 921
Bukit Panjang Senja Heights 24-May-2016 3Q 2021 253 85 214 552
Bukit Panjang Senja Ridges 24-May-2016 2Q 2021 106 62 62 230
Bukit Panjang Senja Valley 24-May-2016 4Q 2021 400 105 205 79 789
Sembawang EastCreek @ Canberra 24-May-2016 4Q 2019 610 116 350 176 1252
Ang Mo Kio Ang Mo Kio Court 24-May-2016 3Q 2020 156 234 148 52 590
Bedok Bedok North Woods 24-May-2016 2Q 2020 110 247 357
Hougang Buangkok Woods 17-Aug-2016 4Q 2019 364 97 250 711
Sembawang EastDelta @ Canberra 17-Aug-2016 3Q 2019
to 4Q 2019
304 266 570
Yishun Valley Spring @ Yishun 17-Aug-2016 4Q 2019
to 1Q 2020
416 100 308 824
Tampines Tampines GreenView 17-Aug-2016 3Q 2019
to 4Q 2019
112 395 207 714
Tampines Tampines GreenVerge 17-Aug-2016 3Q 2020
to 1Q 2021
244 1106 612 60 2022
Punggol Matilda Sundeck 22-Nov-2016 3Q 2020 295 195 490
Punggol Northshore Trio 22-Nov-2016 3Q 2021 198 94 117 409
Punggol Waterway Sunrise I 22-Nov-2016 4Q 2020
to 1Q 2021
671 80 341 138 65 1295
Bedok Bedok Beacon 22-Nov-2016 2Q 2021 200 300 500
Bedok Bedok North Vale 22-Nov-2016 2Q 2020 121 94 215
Bedok Bedok South Horizon 22-Nov-2016 4Q 2020
to 1Q 2021
209 457 274 940
Bidadari Woodleigh Glen 22-Nov-2016 2Q 2021 130 130 428 688
Bidadari Woodleigh Village 22-Nov-2016 3Q 2021 171 159 330
Kallang/Whampoa Kallang Residences 22-Nov-2016 4Q 2021 85 158 243
2017 20 BTO projects – 17584 flats
Average flat size: 78.77 sqm
Punggol Northshore Cove 14-Feb-2017 3Q2021 310 114 207 170 801
Punggol Waterway Sunrise II 14-Feb-2017 1Q2021
to 2Q2021
403 95 516 1014
Clementi Clementi NorthArc 14-Feb-2017 1Q to
148 529 404 98 1179
Clementi Clementi Peaks 14-Feb-2017 2Q2022 70 237 117 424
Tampines Tampines GreenBloom 14-Feb-2017 3Q2020 153 111 55 319
Tampines Tampines GreenFlora 14-Feb-2017 3Q2020 153 125 41 319
Woodlands Marsiling Grove 18-May-2017 1Q2022 493 87 421 187 58 1246
Woodlands Woodlands Spring 18-May-2017 4Q2020 72 100 172
Yishun Forest Spring @ Yishun 18-May-2017 2Q2021
to 3Q2021
320 85 251 756
Bidadari Woodleigh Hillside 18-May-2017 1Q2022
to 2Q2022
158 143 680 326 48 1355
Geylang Dakota Breeze 18-May-2017 2Q2021 166 117 671 954
Geylang Pine Vista 18-May-2017 4Q2020 136 183 319
Bukit Batok Sky Vista 01-Aug-2017 1Q2022 123 134 257
Bukit Batok West Scape 01-Aug-2017  3Q2021
to 4Q2021
504 118 340 178 1140
Sengkang Rivervale Shores 01-Aug-2017 2Q2022
to 3Q2022
1074 174 678 574 2500
Punggol Northshore Edge 14-Nov-2017 4Q2021 192 196 388
Sengkang Anchorvale Village 14-Nov-2017 1Q2022 104 103 207
Sengkang Fernvale Glades
(+ 273 1-rm, 338 2-rm rental)
14-Nov-2017 2Q2021
to 3Q2021
533 104 390 221 52 1300
Geylang Eunos Court 14-Nov-2017 2Q2022 107 97 538 742
Tampines Tampines GreenCourt 14-Nov-2017 4Q2021
to 2Q2022
192 186 1228 586 2192
2018 17000 flats planned
Choa Chu Kang Teck Whye View  06-Feb-2018 2Q2022 252 84 238 574
Woodlands Woodlands Glade 06-Feb-2018 4Q2021 285 90 164 90 629
Geylang Ubi Grove 06-Feb-2018 4Q2021
to 1Q2022
120 80 993 1193
Tampines Tampines GreenDew 06-Feb-2018 3Q2021 84 334 308 726
Tampines Tampines GreenFoliage 06-Feb-2018 3Q2021 310 312 542
Sengkang Fernvale Dew 22 May 2018 1Q2022
to 2Q2022
526 218 354 90 1188
Yishun Casa Spring @ Yishun 22 May 2018 3Q2021
to 4Q2021
429 312 180 48 969
Tampines Tampines GreenVines 22 May 2018 1Q2022
to 2Q2022
98 716 457 1271
Toa Payoh Kim Keat Beacon 22 May 2018 2Q2022
to 3Q2022
 101 441 542

Excel tables

List of BTO projects

Same like above table, but in Excel, allow you to sort and filter by each column.

BTO prices 2001-2017

A more detailed table that allow you to compare prices of BTO from 2001 to 2017. If you have any suggestion how to make table easier to use, tell me!

Buy & download


Future BTO launches

Many people come there from google searches like “2018 BTO list” or “BTO launch location 2018“, as well as asking me such things over chat.

There is NOT possible to predict future accurately, except what we see in HDB Upcoming Sales Launches, the location of BTO in next launch.
For people who report me “next month will be BTO launch in towns X and Y” – “Yes I know” – “So why your site do not show that?“, I cannot know in advance the project name, completion date and number of units, so… I add new BTO projects in the above table in the day of launch, not in advance.

The launch date cannot be predicted, but as you can see from past launches it is usually in second day of month.

I was surprised to see since 2012 more and more BTO in mature towns.
Now we can expect new BTO launches in EVERY town with land available, you can use Google Maps / Earth (satellite photos) to see the available land (Marine Parade is the only town with no BTO guaranteed). But nobody knows how sooner a land parcel will be developed as BTO, some parcels can be sold to private developers instead.

Large amount of BTO flats are expected in Bukit Batok West (around Millennia Institute – confirmed by maps of May 2013 SOBF), Choa Chu Kang South, Jurong West Street 22-25, Yishun South-East (note: my personal predictions, based by past launches and maps).

Mature towns can get BTO flats too, on the land cleared via SERS. Example: Ang Mo Kio blk 247-252, Clementi blk 401-409, Sims Lane blk 54-60, also Jalan Tenteram.

The only official info from HDB was on 29 August 2013, the Public Exhibition on New Housing Areas: Bidadari (estate within Toa Payoh town, first BTO early 2015), Tampines North (first BTO late 2014), Punggol Matilda (first BTO Sep 2013).

Tengah New Town was announced in 2016, next new towns may be Seletar and Simpang.

Flat supply for next year is announced in December. 2017 supply as announced in 2016, will be 17000 BTO flats. This is a very low supply which contradict with a news from 2013: 700000 new homes by 2030.


As end of 2016, 186344 flats were launched in 274 BTO projects (of which 2709 flats were cancelled in 5 BTO projects). The estimated average BTO flat size is 82.68 sqm and is dropping due to raising supply of 2-room flats since 2013 (for comparison: 1990s HDB flats were 120 sqm in average). Estimation was done using the standard internal floor areas:

Studio (35 sqm) x 4391 units
Studio (45 sqm) x 4943 units
2-Room (35 sqm) x 4216 units
2-Room (45 sqm) x 15507 units
3-Room (65 sqm) x 29477 units
4-Room (90 sqm) x 94958 units
5-Room (110 sqm) x 31756 units
3gen (115 sqm) x 1096 units

Real floor area shown in HDB Resale Transactions will be bigger because it will include A/C ledge (2-3 sqm) and balcony (3-4 sqm) if available. Pinnacle @ Duxton and Dawson BTO flats are smaller than the standard flat sizes.

Source of data

2001-2009: Wikipedia’s BTO article, it had a list of BTO projects (now deleted, because it had too much info for such a general encyclopedia), initially I used it to compile the above List of BTO in 2011.

2010-present: the brochures issued by HDB at every new launch. I saved all brochures and offer them for free download on my website too, see BTO brochures.

Later I found that Wikipedia was full of mistakes. One visitor reported that Spring Lodge was not cancelled. I checked the map and he is RIGHT, Wikipedia was WRONG, showing Spring Lodge as block 465 cancelled, with completion date 2007, Spring Lodge has been built, BUT as block 466 (lease commence date 2006, completion probably 2005). WTF!!?? River Edge supposedly completed in 2005 seems that was the one cancelled? In case Wikipedia shows Spring Lodge under name River Edge, does anyone know which BTO has been cancelled in 2003?

Few more mistakes reported by visitors, mostly regarding number of units, have been corrected. Please report any more mistakes!

Note about completion date

Many people asked me if a BTO can be completed earlier. YES, the estimated completion acts like a deadline, in most cases residents collect keys up to 3-6 months earlier. Note that Pinnacle @ Duxton residents collected keys and moved in Dec 2009, but work continued at skybridges until May 2010 scheduled completion date.

Originally I took completion dates from Wikipedia which specify same month 4 years ahead, and I kept adding 4 years of the projects not listed in Wikipedia, but I realized THAT WAS WRONG as most 2009-2010 BTO are completed in 3-3.5 years (6-12 months faster) because HDB decided in 2010 to speed up BTO production, affecting the already-launched projects. In 2011 I have corrected the completion date for the post-2009 BTO, now specifying the “Estimated completion date” shown in sale brochures provided at BTO launch date.

Occasionally HDB show a different, updated completion date when unsold flats are re-launched in SBF, earlier than completion date estimated at the BTO original launch, but since not all BTO have unsold flats, and to prevent being blamed for providing WRONG completion date by people looking in original BTO brochures, I choose to show the original estimated completion date.

Under construction BTO have communities on Facebook and on various forums, residents posting construction updates and predict completion date. Check them!

Some people ask me what is the ACTUAL completion date or key collection date of completed BTO, I cannot answer, you should ask someone residing in that BTO, or check HDB Events Calendar, look for Welcome Party / Completion Ceremony.

Lease commence date is about 1 year after estimated completion date. Minimum occupation period is 5 years starting from key collection, and residents may collect keys at different dates. If you want to estimate when first flats will be available in resale market from certain BTO project, you should add 4½ years to estimated completion date from above table.

Non-BTO projects

Build-To-Order scheme introduced in 2001 became main supply of HDB flats, at same time precint names became standard for all new HDB developments (precint names were also added for older blocks during upgrading programmes, also added at an unknown date for all blocks in Sengkang including the ones built before introduction of BTO scheme.

But such precint names were used for other schemes too, such as SERS replacement blocks. Numerous people thinks that any HDB block that have a name is a BTO, and when a Sale of Balance Flats is done, they asked me info about “these BTO which are not found in your list of BTO projects” or blamed me for having an incomplete list of BTO launches.

The above list is the complete list of BTO projects, however HDB does build other flats which are NOT offered for sale via BTO scheme.

List of DBSS projects – blocks built and sold by private developers, but managed by HDB like public housing.
List of SERS sites – blocks built for redevelopment of old blocks, which their surplus flats are also offered via SBF in same manner with unsold flats from BTO projects.

There are also projects which are neither BTO or SERS, the first of them, Fernvale Lodge, Wikipedia listed it as BTO, launched date 2009, completion date unknown, so I included it in my BTO table too. I saw many visitors coming to my website via google search Fernvale Lodge, so I checked it, is not a BTO neither SERS, it was built in advance and put on sale first time in the Sale of Balance Flats of September 2011, completed in 2012. I deleted it from my table of BTO.

Other projects that are neither BTO or SERS: Buangkok Court, Fernvale Lodge, Golden Peony (Tampines), Jurong East Court, Jurong East Vista, Marsiling Heights, Tampines Lodge, Tampines Ria. Tell me if you know any more!