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Some westerns view Malaysia as being a third-world country. This is WRONG, Malaysia is a fast-growing economy, like Singapore, population doubled in last 25 years due to immigration. From 1960s kampung, it transformed into a country with modern landed housing and high-rise condominiums. One of most beautiful architecture in the world!
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Currently Malaysia is a middle-income country similar with the Eastern Europe, but having much lower cost of living. The government subsidy many things including gas, but what is the point of this? To encourage travel with personal cars rather than public transport, to encourage cities to develop more horizontally, to increase traffic jams and pollution? Update: this lower cost of workforce and may encourage foreign investment.
At this moment I am confused about living conditions, maybe some locals can help me with an “internal opinion”?
Malaysia housing types
Housing in Malaysia is similar in style and types with Singapore housing. Just cheaper and bigger houses and apartments, due to lower land prices and lower salaries.
The equatorial climate (absence of heating systems) and the lifestyle with big families, turned Malaysia into a country with one of the biggest houses in the world. Average household size dropped from 4.62 in 2000 to 4.31 in 2010 (source: census report, page 31 and statistics.gov.my), I am in doubt if this was caused by influx of foreigners with different lifestyle, or due to increased wealth of Malay families and married kids moving away from parent’s house?
Flats (public housing apartments) can be small as 60 sqm and still have 3 bedrooms! 2-bedrooms are rare, as well as studio apartments (Google Images search don’t show many).
Apartments and Condominiums in Malaysia have usually 3 bedrooms, around 100-120 sqm, but there are also examples over 400 sqm and 5 bedrooms.
Terraced House are most common type of home for Malaysians. Most new houses are 2-storey and have 4 bedrooms, usually 6000 mm or 6700 mm wide (they use approximate metric values of 20 and 22 feet), and 12-14 meters depth, and about 150-200 sqm if they are 2-storey, up to 300 sqm in case of 3-storey terraced houses.
I have not seen yet any house with less than 3 bedrooms. Even single-storey terraced houses, most of new ones have 4 bedrooms. I would like to know what is average family size in these oversized houses.
Semi-detached house and bungalow are, of course, even bigger, having 4, 5, or even 6 bedrooms, each with own bathroom, some are 3-storey, reaching over 400 sqm.
Townhouse is shared by 2 families living one above other, both having entrances on ground floor, usually 2-storey and 3 bedrooms, but I remember once time ago a 4-storey townhouse on sloped ground, where one family had entrance at 1st level while second family had entrance at 3rd level from opposite side. Can’t find the URL anymore.
Link house is a term which include terraced houses and townhouses which are build like terraced (townhouses can be semi-detached too).
Superlink house… I am not sure what was the original meaning, today most link houses are called superlink for marketing purposes.
There is also new interesting housing styles, quaduplex, sextuplex, honeycomb (example).
A large part of housing stock remains the old houses built 1960s to 1980s when Malaysia was just a third-world country, these old houses looks quite ugly and not properly maintained, but still better than houses of same age from other Asian countries.
I do not know what is the share of landed houses vs apartments within total housing stock. If anyone can help me with more detailed info about average home size in Malaysia, I will appreciate.
Update: Google Streetview in Malaysia launched on 26 September 2014, allowing me to see that this country is worse than I expected, many houses are single-storey, further study is required when I have free time, for more precise estimation of house sizes!
Another beautiful part of Malaysia is the countryside… the kampongs. Houses with big garden, a lot of greenery and no fence, contrasting the concrete jungle of cities. Traditional Malay houses were made by bamboo or timber, built on stilts to protect from flood and wild animals, and for better ventilation. Windows are louvre type, again for ventilation.
Smaller houses can be found in kampung, but pretty big considering the poverty of people living there.
Small towns, like the following video, have a mix of kampung-styled houses and modern houses.
Malaysia also have slums, houses built over water, probably with little or no running water or proper sanitation, but even they are large, around 50-100 sqm, not like the 5-10 sqm slums of India or Philippines.
Malaysia housing statistics
Malaysia have a total of 7,346,910 housing units, of which Detached 2,416,210, Semi-detached 528,408, Terrace/link 2,570,317, Townhouse 32,682, Cluster 63,345, Flat 744,187, Apartment or condominium 716,729, few more housing types do exist (as 2010). Home ownership ratio 72.5%. Source: krinstitute.org
Malaysia building code
Download building code: https://www.scribd.com/doc/30457115/13282147-Uniform-Building-by-Laws.
Malaysia building code specify minimum 10 feet / 3.05 meters setback from side and rear property line, and 20 feet / 6.10 meters from street, also 10 feet / 3.05 meters of carport roof. corner lots usually have large courtyard 6 meters wide in side of house.
However, most houses are built with longer setbacks around 9 meters from street, thus you can park 2 small cars one behind other. Does anyone know when the current building code was issued and what were the earlier laws about setback?
Google satellite imagery and street view shows numerous houses expanded, carport lengthened to the street line, etc. How these building code violations were possible? Corrupt authorities?
Crazy stuff found during my study of housing in Malaysia
Crazy urban planning: if in United States there are 1/2-storey houses mixed with 3-storey apartments, and in Europe there are 2-storey houses mixed with 4-storey apartments, in Malaysia there are 20-storey blocks built in middle of a 2/3-storey landed housing development! How does this explain?
Bad apartment layout: in a country dominated by low-density developments, many condominiums, despite of large open space in their compounds, the apartment towers are massive, with large number of units per floor. Thus the apartment layouts are bad and crammed, some blocks being 30 meters wide with double-loaded corridors, 3 bedroom apartments of which only living room and master bedroom have view to outside, the other 2 bedrooms are facing inside of block towards the corridor, ventilated through a small airwell (example floor plan).
4 bedrooms is a STANDARD in Malaysia even for single-storey terraced houses! Example: Austin Residence, but… 2 bedrooms are windowless! Is this legal in Malaysia!!?? Someone has told me that is legal if they have high-level windows, over the ceiling of nearby room. However the picture does not show this.
3 bedroom can be found nowadays only in townhouses (2 families sharing same house)
A very old back to back terrace house with 2 bedrooms. Fortunately there are not many such shitty houses.
The ONLY house with 2 bedrooms found so far
Mutiara Seputeh, a development with 93 houses ranging from 400-870 sqm (floorplans available).
Pangsapuri Seri Nilam possible the cheapest and smallest apartment in Malaysia, 650 sq ft and still have 3 bedrooms!
Some luxury apartments reach 400 sqm as well.
Malaysia is located in the most raining region of earth, so… best to avoid buying houses near rivers. Worst affected was Kota Tinggi in 2006-2007.
See 100+ flood photos on yazidtim‘s Panoramio account.
STUDY TO BE CONTINUED… but I don’t know what else to write here.
Oh… don’t forget, somebody should tell to Johor Bahru to expand the city further away from coast and stop deforesting the areas around Singapore. From where Singapore will get fresh air when it will be fully urbanized?