Aug 26

Housing in North Korea

North Korea is widely considered the worst place to live in the world. In reality, it is not that worse, living here is just… different than the rest of world, life can be good as long you do what the government wants and obey stupid laws. While the industry is lagging several decades behind rest of world, the population is one of most educated in the world, reaching a level of order and discipline that should be example for any citizen of the outer world.

Apparently is a developed country, with high literacy rate, beautiful architecture and well-planned cities, but in 1990s after collapse of Soviet Union, the economy felt down making North Korea one of the poorest countries in the world, and the single well educated country suffering by famine. They currently survive only because of foreign food aid.

Pyongyang is one of the cleanest, least polluted and least traffic-jammed cities in the world!

Architecture and housing

Pyongyang is well planned city with wide boulevards, some leading to nowhere (example: Tongil Street, shown in above photo), massive apartment buildings with huge open spaces between them, and even more massive monuments, good public transport and low pollution. Perhaps in attempt to show to the world that they are not a poor nation, but in my opinion are money-wasting unnecessary projects which caused population to be poor.

North Korean apartments blocks are massive like the South Korean ones, 40-storey skyscrapers already existed in oldest Google Earth satellite photo from 2000, they are likely to be built during the 1980s golden era, may have been the tallest public housing in the world until completion of 50 floors Pinnacle @ Duxton in Singapore in 2009 (further research required).

Unlike South Korea and Russia which are dominated by rows identical buildings, Pyongyang have a vibrant skyline, old 4-5 storey walk-up and 8-10-storey blocks with lifts are mixed up with newer, 20-40 storey high-rise apartment buildings. Towers are also mixed up with traditional houses, for example in Pipa-dong.

You cannot purchase apartments or houses. The government own all real estate, and give everyone rights to occupy a home, free of cost, based by your place of work and rank.

This forum post says that average apartment size in North Korea is 150 square meters, but is unsourced and I do not believe. Measuring the blocks using Google Earth I can say that apartments are oversized but not as big, maybe around 100 sqm. Or maybe the 150 sqm is the apartment size in certain complex given to political elite.

The apartments are quite spartan inside, compared with South Korean ones full of electronics. I would like to know what heating system they have!

High-rise living in North Korea is not so desirable, due of electricity shortages you may not be able to use lifts when you need to go somewhere.

Ryugyong Hotel was planned as tallest hotel in the world, having 105 floors, construction began in 1987 and was scheduled to be opened for the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students in June 1989, but it failed to meet schedule, and abandoned in 1992. Construction resumed in 2008 and as 2016 it has not been yet completed.

Rungrado May Day Stadium is the largest stadium in the world, opened in 1989, having 150.000 seats.

Mansudae Apartment built at Changjon Street is most modern and famous residential development. Few old buildings were demolished in 2011 and 15 glass-facade buildings in various heights up to 44 floors were built in just 9 months, according successive Google Earth historical satellite imagery. Opened in April 2012 at celebration 100 years from birth of Kim Il Sung. Video of proposed development.

Kim Cheak Apartment, even taller, 46 floors, was built in 2014. Source: Emporis, no photos available yet.

A 23-storey block collapsed in May 2014. (map location). A bit unusual for North Korea to report such accidents, but this was too big to be hidden. Supposedly it was still under construction but already housed 92 families, but number of victims was not disclosed. In the same time photos show that windows were not moved for years, and the debris was cleared in just 4 days, suggesting that the block was not inhabited, and the demolition was controlled. Quite confusing?

If you are looking for North Korean apartment floor plans, you can check the Google Maps and try to discover under construction blocks (example location 38.96550 125.73750). No other forms of floorplans are available on internet… sadly.

See this video, inside of North Korean apartment, another video. also Kisu Faculty Housing. We do not know if the typical apartments are like that or that apartment was made more modern solo for propaganda.

Traditional Korean houses vs Mansudae Apartment, built 2012
Houses in West Pyongyang Modern apartment block in Pyongyang

Kwangbok Street, gateway to Nampo city, with apartments up to 40 floors
Kwangbok Street Kwangbok Street
Kwangbok Street Kwangbok Street apartment block

Tongil Street, famous 10-lane, 4-km long boulevard heading to nothing, plus 40-storey apartments.
Tongil Street

More random photos, notice in first photo few old ugly houses between apartment towers!
Pyongyang East viewed from Juche Tower Pyongyang skyline from top of Juche Tower
Decaying apartment block in Pyongyang Typical apartment block in Pyongyang

Above photos were found on Panoramio using Google Earth and selected the best of them. Credits to their authors.
For more photos download Google Earth and browse yourself for more photos.
See also photos with beautiful buildings on Skyscrapercity.


North Korea is ruled by an unique economy model…. for work performance you are awarded with free gifts, and the monetary salary (if it does really exist) is not so important. Cost of living is almost ZERO. The government choose for you the best job and also a home.

North Korea does not have poor and rich class, but rather privileged people living in Pyongyang and ordinary people living elsewhere. You cannot choose where to live, living in Pyongyang is privilege for the healthiest citizens who perform well at work, to give a good image to foreign visitors. Handicapped, disabled, poorly-working people and retired people are housed on the countryside. There are no homeless people or beggary in North Korea.

Pyongyang is the home for 2.5 or 3.2 million people, out of 24 million population of North Korea. Residents enjoy a modern life with cars and mobile phones, good education, health services, leisure activities, etc, in massive contrast with the rest of country, where cars are a rare sight, refueling stations are non-existent, telephone posts are rare, postal mail being the only form of communication, etc.

How much North Koreans earn is unknown, but less than 100 USD per month, is also unknown where they can spend the money, since the government give a lot of things for FREE, including housing, intranet connection to Kwangmyong, public transport, healthcare, etc… all these are FREE. I also believe that cars, TV sets and computers cannot be bought with money and are given for free to privileged people only. Thus, good-working people can enjoy higher standard of living compared with other countries with similar income.

However, there are emerging black markets, where people trade goods privately. Even apartments can be transacted illegally by bribing officials to change your home address.

There is no street lighting, except for monuments (including monumental boulevards in Pyongyang). See how black is North Korea viewed from satellite at night!

North Korea self praise for having over 6000 km of railways, 80% of it being electrified, compared with only 3250 km in South Korea (according Wikipedia), but the north infrastructure is in danger state that slow down the trains while southern trains are running at 350 kmph in full safety.
Roads in North Korea are estimated to be about 30000 km of which only 5% paved.

The BIG highway to Nampo
Pyongyang - Nampo Highway

Kaesong, notice the lack of street lighting, hundreds of bicycles, and 1 car on entire street!
Kaesong street Kaesong apartments

North Korea does have own automobile manufacturers, Sungri and Pyeonghwa, producing several hundred cars per year. Watch a North Korean car commercial (actually is a Fiat Albea/Siena made under license).

There’s a big confusion regarding car ownership. Some sources say that any citizen is allowed to own cars (but why the roads are almost empty?), other sources say that all cars are owned by political elite and eligible businesses. It is unknown if cars are sold for money or given for free to privileged citizens.

According Wikipedia, North Koreans got one car per 100 people, while the South Koreans got one car per 2.3 people. This keep pollution low and people healthy as they walk and cycle. However, Google Earth satellite imagery and various YouTube videos made by tourists shows that number of cars increased significantly today compared with year 2000. Outside Pyongyang, cars are still a rare sight.

In the past, Roads were dominated by trucks (goods vehicles), Romanian Dacia (most common taxicab), Soviet Lada, some unknown Chinese cars, but in the recent years many luxury European cars appeared on roads, as seen in the following video (why they import cars instead of raising local production?).


Only government is allowed to operate radio and television. To prevent people access to information about outside world, all radio and television sets should be registered at state department, where are sealed to receive only government stations, any manipulation to receive foreign broadcast leads to prison.

Connection to the Internet (abbreviation from International Network) is available only for high ranked officials and some hotels. North Korea developed Kwangmyong instead, own internet-like network, accessible for free via dial-up, usually in schools and factories and rarely in private homes. Filtered content from the Internet are placed on Kwangmyong, primarily from science fields. However, some people smuggled satellite internet terminals, which are confiscated and often resold to population by corrupt officers. Do note that according StatCounter, the websites are getting significant internet traffic from North Korea starting from 2010. Probably they just granted internet access privilege to more people.

IT industry is developing and make North Korea an IT outsourcing destination, thanks to skilled and cheap workforce. Probably they saw how successful is outsourcing to India so decided to join, despite of conservative communication. How this work without allowing many people to access the internet… no idea!

Mobile phones were introduced in 2002, banned in 2004, reintroduced in 2008, and cannot dial out of country. Foreigners are not allowed to use mobile phone in North Korea, so they need to leave them at airports.

Moranbong Band is the first music band from North Korea reaching international popularity. Is rumored that the girls forming the band are selected by, and the lyrics of their songs are written by Kim Jong-un.

Korean Central News Agency does have a website kcna.kp and provide to World positive news from North Korea and a lot of fake praises to the leader by foreign people, while tourists are the only other source of info of about what happens in North Korea.

Any person is allowed to visit North Korea as tourist, but few people are willing to do, however most of them returned with great memories. Probably I will visit myself to visit when I will be richer. Most tourists are housed in Yanggakdo Hotel located on an island in middle of Taedong River, or Koryo Hotel located in city centre near railway station, far away from poor areas. During night you are locked in hotel, during day you are permanently attended by local guiders watching where you go and what photos do you take. You are not allowed to roam freely through city, or interact with local people (but these guiders aren’t locals? Yes they are but are not allowed to tell you about their personal life).

Photography is theoretically allowed only in designated places, but to go in these places you may travel through not-so-good areas of city, you are advised to not take photo of anything that depicts poverty or bad acting people, even if poverty exists all over the world, at end of day they may check your cameras and delete offensive pictures, however guiders are slightly corrupt and many photos and videos showing the unwanted side of North Korea popped the internet. Example: Eric Lafforgue photos on dailymail.co.uk.

But little info is know about how the life of normal North Koreans, where they live, what they eat, education and medical system, what forms of income they have and where can spend the money.

Concentration camps

A lot of offences lead to prison, where you will be a slave forced to work and eventually die by starvation, hard work or torture. North Korea have the biggest ratio of imprisoned citizens in the world, by the far more than United States which is officially the country with most prisoners, because the government deny the existence of prisons so nobody knows exactly how many were imprisoned and how many died in prisons.

Propaganda lies & mysteries, things that need to be clarified

For those who do not know: Korean peninsula was divided in 1945 between communist and capitalists governments, American troops withdrew from south in 1949, none of countries liked the division and both dream a reunification of Korea but under their own regime. In 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea, starting the Korean war. The Korean Armistice Agreement was signed three years later, creating a four-kilometer wide buffer zone where nobody would enter, known as the Demilitarized Zone.

North Koreans call their country Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, DPRK, the only Korea, while the south is not a country but a land devastated by United States, and they can conquer the south lands by destroying United States.

DPRK is in a state of war, government spend a lot of money on military programmes to prepare against an imminent attack from United States, creating an apparent threat to other countries while in my opinion they just want to scary other countries from invading North Korea. On library you can find books titled “Americans of the South that started Korean war”. In Pyongyang, most billboards do not advertise products but anti-US propaganda, paintings with Koreans beating US soldiers, ripping American flag, etc.

KCNA TV occasionally broadcast news from other countries, selected for propaganda to give impression that capitalist system turned the world into poverty and violence while the DPRK, the only remaining socialist state, is the “people paradise on the earth”. Example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJoQOQHQ8oA saying that ordinary americans live in tents, eat birds and snow, and they (North Koreans) are helping them with good food. But homes shown in first part of video do not have the sash windows common in United States, second half of video is filmed in Romania main train station (Gara de Nord) known for homeless and begging people (who believe in this shit “there are no birds because all were eaten yesterday” but what they eat tomorrow? also what they drink during summer when there is no snow?).

The population is brainwashed and do not know that there is a better life outside their country, that on the earth exist more advanced countries, that humans reached the moon, etc. People thinks that their Kwangmyong is the only (or at least the first) computer network in the world, or that their Kwangmyŏngsŏng program makes Korea the only (or the first) country in the world that reached the space.

North Korean defectors escape from North Korea on foot via mountainous terrain at border with China, some of them reaching South Korea, but they hardly adapt to the modern world where everything cost money, some of them willing to return to the “better life” in North Korea (example video), but if they would to so, they would be sentenced to death, so they choose to suicide.

However, too much info came from south, so during 1990s the government had to admit that South Korea enjoy higher standards of living. For example South Koreans launching video cassettes via hot air balloons over the DMZ, containing foreign news about 2011-2012 Arab world uprising or anti-regime news. Most North Koreans do not know the truth about outer world, they do not realize how bad is their government, to start a uprising.

Kim Jong-il hate America but his funeral used an american-made Lincoln Continental limousine! They also use PCs with Microsoft Windows and Mac computers made in USA.

Look carefully at Kim Jong-il funeral, there are rumors that people who do not cry enough were jailed, but you can see that while the camera is aimed to people who mourn, in background just few are mourning. Apparently this has been directed for purpose of showing to local and foreign media that people loved their leader. And yes, many people do really LOVE their government, see video diary made by a north korean girl, criticizing capitalist system where the money rule everything.

I am curious how does look a DPRK geographic atlas. What they know about our world? I guess that they know that humans live all around the earth, and natural features, as these info exists before communism installment, but they may be lied about technology level of rest of world. Do they know how many countries are in the world, or what is the world population, or which are largest cities? Probably they know about USSR as they was main economic partner, but how the Korean government explained to their citizens the break-up of USSR and the fall of communism?

The claim that North Korea is totally isolated country is FALSE. The government do everything to prevent people access to foreign info, but in the same time they allow everyone to enter, tourists are main source of foreign info. Any foreign publication regarding North Korea is confiscated at customs, tourists are strictly guided and not allowed to talk with locals, but the guiders themselves are locals, tourists can tell them foreign news and they can spread the news?

In Kaesong Industrial Region, South Korean companies employ North Korean workers. The south staff can talk with north workers, giving info about life in South Korea, especially as the language is not a barrier.

North Korea participated in Olympics, probably only the sport teams are allowed by government to leave country, and are not allowed to tell to their families what they see overseas.

The government, when speaking to foreign media, deny the existence of prison camps, but the citizens do know their existence? These camps employ a lot of people to take care of inmates, their family relatives do know where they are working?

I am confused how does the (lack of) freedom of speak is working there. Probably they are taught from young to not talk each other about problems and not even tell about job to their relatives, and always listen to government media?

Anti-American billboard Anti-American billboard

Let’s hope that some day, United Nations will bomb North Korea and kill the fucking Kim Jong-il kill all Kim family, to restore the human rights…
or maybe this should not happen, because North Korea main allied is China, which have the biggest army in the world.

What is possible, will be an anti-government uprising like in Romania 1989 revolution, but unlikely to happen, because North Korean government is improving living conditions since 2000s and people are brainwashed about even better living conditions of outside world so they love the leader, compared with Romanian living conditions that were worsened by Nicolae Ceausescu in 1980s compared with previous decade, and people were hating the leader but not showing this until enough number of people joined against the leader.

Even if Kim regime fall, Korea reunification is not possible without a big plunge of economy of the south, which South Koreans will not accept. The economy difference is much bigger than in case of East and West Germany reunification. North Korea will need a period of transition and massive investment, to be ready for reunification.

Sources & further read

– Wikipedia
– Personal analysis of photos and satellite imagery in Google Earth
– The F.A.Q. / Rules of various travel agencies (beware, they hide bad things to attract tourists)
– Various travel blogs, photos and videos of tourists, for example Sue Wombat and Cezar Dumitru, romanian tourist in North Korea comparing with communist Romania (romanian language)
Nice photos: http://www.retrodprk.com/ – 1980s and 1990s photos
Also: Tourist who took camera inside North Korea expecting to find ‘really, really sad people’ is shocked to discover a happy country

About me

I am from Romania, and interested in North Korea due to similarities with the former communist government of my country. I wrote this page from my personal research in 2012, as an article of 500 words, expanded over time with additional rows, photos and links, as soon I found new interesting things, reaching 3000+ words in 2015.

Since 2015 this North Korea page became most visited page among all pages about Housing around the World, getting traffic especially from American school-age kids, a bunch of idiots, who thinks that I am North Korean. If I was North Korean I would not had internet access. ALL articles about North Korea are written by foreigners. Some of these kids send me messages asking stupid questions that cannot be answered (example), sometimes inviting friends to message me in same time, disturbing me from doing my work.


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  6. Sum1SaveNK

    North Korea is a beautiful country. It’s too bad they’ve got a dictatorship going on. I’m waiting for it to end. If we look at the best case scenario, we’ll find that one of the leaders down the line will be the only child of the previous leader, and will somehow turn sterile and won’t be able to have kids. If we look at the worst case scenario, they’ll keep on sexing, and sexing, and sexing, and make around 50% of the North Korean population come from the same family tree, which is not just stupid, it’s gross. Would you wanna fall for someone and later on find out that they’re your distant cousin? I don’t think so. 😛
    Either way, North Korea’s current state will perish some day. Maybe nuclear war is inevitable. Maybe the country will run out of resources and not receive any help from China, resulting in a surrender and merge action. But till then, it is not at all advisable to visit North Korea. It is a very stuck up country, trying to get people from outside to come in and capture all the lavish and luxurious elements for the outside world to see, in an attempt to get it’s reputation higher and to make trade relations easier. But at the same time, it wants to make sure that the truth which violates their ways of life don’t make their ways into their country. If you wanna be yourself, have fun, make memories that matter, North Korea isn’t the place for you. But if you’re thinking of espionage, I suggest you perform as little as possible for the most effective results. If you’re going to enter as a tourist, maybe write pieces of information about the outside world on pieces of papers and hide them in the hotel room, hoping the next guests will be North Korean, and will find those papers and read whatever is on it. Maybe fold up those papers and distribute them carefully and slowly. Or, if you’re planning on entering from China by crossing the border, stealth is your best option. Use a silenced gun to take out the KPA, and hide their bodies. Disguise yourselves as them if you have to. Try to send live camera feed through your eye contacts or glasses if possible, so that all of it is captured at your home base, ready for the outside world to see. Try not to be seen by too many civilians on the other side, for they’re brainwashed and will most likely run and call the cops/KPA immediately. If there’s just one or two, make sure they’re not able to see you and run away. Maybe use chloroform to get them unconscious. Maybe use a stun gun. Kidnap them however it is possible. Obviously, it’s a violation in itself, but right now, violating them like this is the only way we can save them from being violated like how they’re getting violated right now. Once they see life outside of North Korea and allow the indoctrination to wear off, they’ll probably live happier, and maybe give the world more information that it doesn’t have on North Korea. Maybe refugee charities will help those rescued North Korean civilians to get up on their feet and earn enough to survive in real countries. If we do this one civilian at a time, we can get approximately 100 civilians a year, assuming we don’t wanna do this every single day and wanna play it safe. And 100 people is still a lot. Their disappearances might be noticed, but we should save whoever we can at this point. If we want North Korea’s current regime to perish quicker, the best way to do it is by reducing it’s brainwashed population.
    Also, I have no idea why I typed all of this, but screw that, I hate what’s currently going on with North Korea, and I want it to end right now!

  7. Bob

    Thank you, I enjoyed reading your page. It highlighted a lot of truth about North Korea, it sounds like a place for me. Yep I don’t mind being told how to live, if you think about it, every person in the world is told how to live, no matter what country you live in. I am going on a tour even though I don’t want that, but it is a step in the right direction, I think. Well take care friend and best of luck to you.

    Type your message here

    Contact Teoalida

    Thank you, I enjoyed reading your page. It highlighted a lot of truth about North Korea, it sounds like a place for me. Yep I don’t mind being told how to live, if you think about it, every person in the world is told how to live, no matter what country you live in. I am going on a tour even though I don’t want that, but it is a step in the right direction, I think. Well take care friend and best of luck to you.

    Type your message here

    Contact Teoalida

    Thank you, I enjoyed reading your page. It highlighted a lot of truth about North Korea, it sounds like a place for me. Yep I don’t mind being told how to live, if you think about it, every person in the world is told how to live, no matter what country you live in. I am going on a tour even though I don’t want that, but it is a step in the right direction, I think.

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