HDB statistics, facts & figures

HDB built slightly over 1 million units since its founding in 1960 (the 1 millionth flat was completed in December 2010), SIT built about 23,000 units between 1927 and 1960, JTC and HUDC built few thousand units between 1960s and 1980s, making a total of about 1.1 million public housing units built in the history of Singapore, as 2017.

Of these 1.1 million units built, 1,017,335 units are in use at 31 March 2017 according HDB Annual Report, about 130,000 dwelling units being demolished (clearance of rental blocks and SERS), converted (2 units joined into 1 unit), privatized (HUDC), etc.

According Database of HDB blocks in Excel format, number of units is available for 10,506 blocks that were existing at least as 2010, including under construction blocks launched until November 2017 BTO. Total: 1,129,347 units, averaging 107.50 units per block.

What other statistical data would you like to see on this page? Leave a comment and tell me!

Biggest HDB towns:
Current town boundaries were introduced in Annual Report 1990. Bedok was the biggest town, overtaken by Tampines in 1996 then by Jurong West in 2000. We expected Sengkang to take the lead, but due to announcement of Tampines North area, based on the number of flats under construction in Annual Report 2017 we can say that Tampines will re-take the lead in 2020 or 2021.

According HDB Annual Report 2015, out of 3.9 million resident population (Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents, as June 2013), 3,217,400 live in HDB apartments, this means 82% (non-residents are not allowed to own HDB apartments but they can live in apartments owned by a resident spouse, also they are allowed to own apartments in private condominiums taller than 6 storeys but not landed houses or apartments in low-rise condominiums). This means average family size of 3.42 residents per apartment and 27.56 sqm per person. For comparison, in 1968 were in average 6.2 people per apartment (average flat size I estimate around 40 sqm).

Many HDB owners are renting rooms or entire flat to foreigners, some HDB owners are citizens married with foreigners, HDB never provide official statistics about how many non-residents live in HDB apartments.

According Yearbook of Statistics 2010, Singapore population including non-residents is 5,076,700 living in 1,180,500 dwelling units (HDBs, condos, private flats, landed houses, others), of which 76.3% are HDBs, this means a nationwide average of 4.30 people per dwelling unit, if the average would be same for HDB, it would mean 22 sqm per person (no newer statistics available for non-residents).

Average household size for each flat type and race can be seen on www.singstat.gov.sg > Key Indicators and Sample Household Survey. You can see that households with 6 or more persons represent 10% of Chinese households and 23% of Malay households.

Home ownership of HDB flats reached the peak of 94% in 2002, then slowly felt down to 90% in 2011.


SingStat also show population living in condos and landed houses, in case you are interested, but unfortunately there are NO detailed statistics for about number of private housing breakdown by type.

Household Expediture Survey 2013 > Table 15 shows 972,313 HDB flats, 144,083 Condo and 69,756 Landed houses (resident households only, many condos are owned by foreigners).

Number of units in private condominiums, executive condominiums, square meters of office and retail space, can be seen in https://www.ura.gov.sg/uol/media-room/news/2017/Apr/pr17-30 and https://www.ura.gov.sg/uol/-/media/User%20Defined/URA%20Online/media-room/2017/pr17-06e1.pdf

Total residential dwellings 1,370,319, private residential landed 72,595, non-landed 275,485 (2016) according https://www.singstat.gov.sg/docs/default-source/default-document-library/publications/publications_and_papers/reference/sif2017.pdf (page 16)

HDB dwelling units under management, as 31 March 2017

Town 1-Room 2-Room 3-Room 4-Room 5-Room E / MG SA Total
Ang Mo Kio 1318 3515 24363 14118 5947 492 275 50025
Bedok 2530 2205 22637 20397 10390 2715 226 61100
Bishan 564 249 2357 9359 5716 1660 167 20072
Bukit Batok 385 249 10488 14368 5335 2733 173 33728
Bukit Merah 4731 5824 16091 15697 9478 44 536 52401
Bukit Panjang 223 548 3678 16699 10425 3381 371 35325
Bukit Timah 0 45 441 920 682 380 87 2555
Central Area 2075 1316 4541 3477 901 6 0 12316
Choa Chu Kang 565 1191 2463 23465 15952 4762 502 48900
Clementi 474 716 12233 9050 3132 621 0 26226
Geylang 1231 3523 11706 9607 3591 830 216 30704
Hougang 532 1066 10610 25842 10844 4310 658 53862
Jurong East 352 427 7006 8188 5925 1871 128 23897
Jurong West 540 1832 12814 29193 21995 6507 629 73510
Kallang / Whampoa 4401 2726 13964 11854 5477 504 268 39194
Marine Parade 0 1350 3037 1798 1677 0 0 7862
Pasir Ris 176 330 491 11641 9379 7460 177 29654
Punggol 871 1433 3814 20406 15300 1126 435 43385
Queenstown 575 3253 14210 8794 3972 354 346 31504
Sembawang 601 1184 504 9441 8272 2870 0 22872
Sengkang 685 1631 3737 30619 24069 4462 778 65981
Serangoon 272 324 4541 10231 3754 2365 0 21487
Tampines 1075 965 13238 28840 17313 5846 634 67911
Toa Payoh 1168 3668 15299 10066 6017 854 286 37358
Woodlands 1824 1521 6486 28043 19713 6191 824 64602
Yishun 1038 1414 15403 29657 9837 2741 814 60904
Total 28206 42499 236152 401770 235093 65085 8530 1017335
Average flat size 31 45.26 68.03 96.31 118.47 144.71 ~40 155.61
Final results Average flat size – 93.87 sqm

Total population (Jun 2014) – 5469700 people
Resident population – 3900000 people
HDB resident population – 3213000 people (82%)
Average resident household size – 3.42 people
(27.56 sqm per capita)

Despite of shrinking flat sizes in late 1990s, average flat size has increased until 2005, reaching about 95 sqm, thanks to demolition of small 1/2/3-room flats built in 1960-1970s and building 90-140 sqm flats, also due to Main Upgrdading Programme that add 5 sqm utility rooms. After 2005 average flat size is slowly falling down because HDB stoped supply of Executive, reduced supply of 5-room, and reintroduced 1-room, 2-room and 3-room flats.

BTO flats launched since 2011 and completed from 2015 onward are about 80 sqm in average, for comparison the flats build in mid-1990s were about 120 sqm in average, a world record for public housing.

Sources:
– SingStat for the population
– HDB Annual Reports for the number of flats (units)
– HDB Resale Flat Prices database for 2008-2013 (149930 records) for estimating average flat sizes

The average flat size is a bit inaccurate because the database include only sold flats, there is no info about the size of rental 1/2-room flats, and does not include flats built last 5 years which are under minimum occupation period, including them For 2005 average flat size by type I used resale transactions with lease year pre-2005.

Excel files with additional statistics

HDB Statistics.xls – Excel file compiled by me, containing:
– Number of dwelling units by town and flat type, table and chart
– Number of dwelling units by town and year 1990-2017, table and chart
– Number of dwelling units by flat type and year 1990-2017, table and chart
– Statistics for calculation of the average flat size along history
– HDB achievements since 1960
– Resale market statistics
Please leave your comments about my work!

For Annual Reports 1990-2017 by each year, see http://www.teoalida.com/singapore/hdbannualreports/

HDB flat size statistics based on resale transactions

I have database of HDB Resale Flat Prices 1990-2017 and analyzed data in Excel. Here are the results:

As country level: the average flats size is 95.45 sqm (average of ~767528 transacted units).

As town level: Pasir Ris New Town (built between 1988 and 1996) have the biggest flats, 123.62 sqm (average of 28469 units) Central Area (most built in 1970s) have the smallest flats, 71.52 sqm (average of 5893 units).

As neighborhood level: Pasir Ris 2XX neighborhood have the biggest flats, 132.74 sqm (average of 4363 units), Pasir Ris 5XX have 129.24 sqm (average of 4689 units), Pasir Ris 6XX have 126.89 sqm (average of 2742 units), Choa Chu Kang 5XX have 125.87 sqm (average of 3363 units), Tampines 3XX have 122.58 sqm (average of 6022 units).

Note that the average size of resold flats is slightly bigger than the real average flat size, because the big and <10 year old flats tends to change their owners more frequently than the small old flats owned mainly by elderly, also some of the small flats are rented from HDB rather than owned, so they never appear in resale transactions.

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    • mike on July 18, 2017 at 2:50 am
    • Reply

    re number of hdb blocks.
    10000 blocks and carparks.

    QUOTE.

    Installation of 62,000 police cameras in 10,000 HDB blocks, multi-storey carparks complete
    A police camera at a lift lobby in a Pasir Ris HDB block.
    A police camera at a lift lobby in a Pasir Ris HDB block. PHOTO: ST FILE
    PUBLISHEDJUL 11, 2016, 1:08 PM SGT
    FACEBOOK1,195TWITTERWHATSAPPEMAIL.

    SINGAPORE – The installation of over 62,000 police cameras in HDB blocks and multi-storey carparks (MSCP) has been completed, the police announced in a news release on Sunday (July 10).

    All 10,000 blocks and carparks under the PolCam 1.0 initiative, which was first rolled out in April 2012, are now equipped with the cameras, which police revealed have proven useful in helping to deter and solve crimes.

    “As of May 2016, 2,300 video footage from the cameras provided useful leads which helped the police solve more than 1,100 cases,” the release said.

    http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/installation-of-62000-police-cameras-in-10000-hdb-blocks-multi-storey-carparks-complete

    • mike on July 18, 2017 at 3:08 am
    • Reply

    re.number of blocks built before 1990.

    QUOTE.

    The $5 billion LUP for older HDB blocks is 14 years old and the programme ended last December. It provided a lift on every floor to 5,000 blocks built before 1990.

    http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/solutions-on-trial-for-hdb-blocks-unsuited-for-lift-upgrading

    this is a great web site for HDB data.
    kow tow to site owner.A big thank you.

    • Ed Randall on January 15, 2018 at 1:02 pm
    • Reply

    Could you tell me how many people the HDB employs. I am interested in getting public authorities in London to pay close attention to what the HBD has achieved and an indication of the scale of the HDB in terms of the numbers of people it employs and net annual expenditure required to meet its costs of operation would be very helpful to me, Thanks in anticipation for any help you can give.

    1. http://www.hdb.gov.sg/cs/infoweb/about-us/news-and-publications/annual-reports here you can find some financial info, but we will never able to know how many people it employs.

  1. […] The likeliest reason for this is a nearly all-encompassing system of public housing. A striking 82% of Singaporeans live in public housing built by the government, and comprehensive programs exist to supplement meager […]

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