HDB built slightly over 1 million units since its founding in 1960 (the 1 millionth flat was completed in December 2010), SIT built about 23,000 units between 1927 and 1960, JTC and HUDC built few thousand units between 1960s and 1980s, making a total of about 1.1 million public housing units built in the history of Singapore, as 2016.
Of these 1.1 million units built, 992,742 units are in use at 31 March 2016, about 130,000 dwelling units being demolished (clearance of rental blocks and SERS), converted (2 units joined into 1 unit), privatized (HUDC), etc.
What other statistical data would you like to see on this page? Leave a comment and tell me!
All charts are screenshoted from HDB Statistics .xls, for exact figures see Excel file.
According HDB Annual Report 2015, out of 3.9 million resident population (Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents, as June 2013), 3,217,400 live in HDB apartments, this means 82% (non-residents are not allowed to own HDB apartments but they can live in apartments owned by a resident spouse, also they are allowed to own apartments in private condominiums taller than 6 storeys but not landed houses or apartments in low-rise condominiums). This means average family size of 3.42 residents per apartment and 27.56 sqm per person. For comparison, in 1968 were in average 6.2 people per apartment (average flat size I estimate around 40 sqm).
Many HDB owners are renting rooms or entire flat to foreigners, some HDB owners are citizens married with foreigners, HDB never provide official statistics about how many non-residents live in HDB apartments.
According Yearbook of Statistics 2010, Singapore population including non-residents is 5076700 living in 1180500 dwelling units (HDBs, condos, private flats, landed houses, others), of which 76.3% are HDBs, this means a nationwide average of 4.30 people per dwelling unit, if the average would be same for HDB, it would mean 22 sqm per person (no newer statistics available for non-residents).
Average household size for each flat type and race can be seen on www.singstat.gov.sg > Key Indicators and Sample Household Survey. You can see that households with 6 or more persons represent 10% of Chinese households and 23% of Malay households.
Home ownership of HDB flats reached the peak of 94% in 2002, then slowly felt down to 90% in 2011.
HDB dwelling units under management, as 31 March 2016
Biggest HDB town: Bedok during 1990s, Tampines in 1996-1999 and Jurong West since 2000. Either Sengkang or Tampines will take the lead around 2020.
|Town||1-Room||2-Room||3-Room||4-Room||5-Room||E / MG||SA||Total|
|Ang Mo Kio||1318||3506||24237||13682||5654||490||281||49168|
|Choa Chu Kang||355||878||2137||22485||15293||4762||515||46425|
|Kallang / Whampoa||4401||2530||13321||10178||5392||504||38||36364|
|Average flat size||31||45.26||68.03||96.31||118.47||144.71||~40||155.61|
|Final results||Average flat size – 93.87 sqm
Total population (Jun 2014) – 5469700 people
Despite of shrinking flat sizes in late 1990s, average flat size has increased until 2005, reaching about 95 sqm, thanks to demolition of small 1/2/3-room flats built in 1960-1970s and building 90-140 sqm flats, also due to Main Upgrdading Programme that add 5 sqm utility rooms. After 2005 average flat size is slowly falling down because HDB stoped supply of Executive, reduced supply of 5-room, and reintroduced 1-room, 2-room and 3-room flats.
BTO flats launched since 2011 and completed from 2015 onward are about 80 sqm in average, for comparison the flats build in mid-1990s were about 120 sqm in average, a world record for public housing.
The average flat size is a bit inaccurate because the database include only sold flats, there is no info about the size of rental 1/2-room flats, and does not include flats built last 5 years which are under minimum occupation period, including them For 2005 average flat size by type I used resale transactions with lease year pre-2005.
SingStat also show population living in condos and landed houses, in case you are interested, but unfortunately there are NO detailed statistics for about number of private housing breakdown by type.
Excel files with additional statistics
HDB Annual Reports.xls – 1990-2000 + 1962 annual reports digitalized into Excel by me:
Source of data: HDB Annual Reports 1994-1996 (available on archive.org) and 2000-present (available on HDB InfoWEB even if they are no longer in Annual Reports page, but doing a Google search you could still find the direct link to files still hosted on HDB server, they were deleted at October 2015 website redesign). I was not able to get 1997-1999 because since 1997 HDB provided in PDF format instead of HTML page, and archive.org did not cached PDF files.
I added 1990-1999 thanks to KZ, a friend who during school vacation of June and December 2015 went in National Library and photoed the annual reports for me for digitization. He photoed 1960s to 1980s annual reports too and I may digitize them too when I have free time. These pre-1990 annual reports have a list of about 100 HDB Estates. The current HDB towns appeared in AR 1990 (20 towns plus 11 other estates) and was revised in AR 1999 to 23 towns and 4 estates then 23 towns and 3 estates by abandoning Lim Chu Kang.
If you want photos of annual reports to read them yourself, you can buy them!
HDB Statistics.xls – Excel file compiled by me, containing:
– Annual Reports 2000-2016
– Number of dwelling units by town and flat type, table and chart
– Number of dwelling units by town and year, table and chart
– Number of dwelling units by flat type and year, table and chart
– Statistics for calculation of the average flat size along history
– HDB achievements since 1960
– Resale market statistics
Please leave your comments about my work!
HDB flat size statistics based on resale transactions
I copied the listings from HDB Resale Flat Prices e-service (April 2008 – December 2013) in Microsoft Excel for purpose of making statistics. Results:
– As country level: the average flats size is 97.41 sqm (average of ~149930 transacted units).
– As town level: Central Area (most built in 1970s) have the smallest flats, 72.24 sqm (average of 998 units) while Pasir Ris New Town (built between 1988 and 1996) have the biggest flats, 123.38 sqm (average of 5184 units).
– As neighborhood level: Pasir Ris 2XX neighborhood have the biggest flats, 132.36 sqm (average of 694 units), Pasir Ris 5XX have 129.25 sqm (average of 875 units), Pasir Ris 6XX have 127.17 sqm (average of 521 units), Choa Chu Kang 5XX have 126.39 sqm (average of 607 units), Tampines 3XX have 121.79 sqm (average of 1129 units).
– As five-year period: 1991-1995 have the biggest flats, 124.48 sqm (average of 11398 transacted units).
Note that the average size of resold flats is slightly bigger than the real average flat size, because the big and <10 year old flats tends to change their owners more frequently than the small old flats owned mainly by elderly, also some of the small flats are rented from HDB rather than owned, so they never appear in resale transactions.
I noticed many visitors coming here by searching things like “total number of HDB blocks in Singapore“. HDB provide official numbers of units but not of blocks. Blocks can be ONLY counted manually.
Do we should also count the 2-storey shophouse that contains no residential units, only commercial units (flats accessible from shop entrance)? Do we should also count under-construction blocks and blocks awaiting demolition? Do we should count multi-storey carparks and precint pavilions too?
According Database of HDB blocks, there are about 9800 residential HDB buildings in Singapore (not including carparks, pavilions, but including shophouses).
Note that the database is, in the current version, NOT ACCURATE… being made for personal curiosity without being paid for, with limited time available for voluntary jobs. Some under construction blocks are counted, others not. Some demolished blocks are counted too.
I will provide detailed statistics with higher accuracy if someone will pay my time required to make them.
First payment came in May 2015, reason for which I improved database accuracy significantly.
According the July 2015 edition of database, there are 9503 blocks with known number of units, total 980108 units, giving an average of 103 units per block.
Number of units in private condominiums, executive condominiums, square meters of office and retail space, can be seen in https://www.ura.gov.sg/uol/media-room/news/2017/Apr/pr17-30 and https://www.ura.gov.sg/uol/-/media/User%20Defined/URA%20Online/media-room/2017/pr17-06e1.pdf
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